I’m starting on the Europe set, Ukraine first
On a whim, I decided to start making the European graphs from near the bottom of the list up. And ran smack into Ukraine. Long history, stable trend. Even in the face of high year to year volatility in any given month. So the vertical scale is +/- 12 C for monthly anomaly excursions, yet we have an average that runs right along the zero line. Had to make it Hot Pink to see it. And just look at that trend line! Dead Flat. It looks like Ukraine gets a complete pass on Carbon-Guilt. Even the 1990 changes didn’t change the trend much.
This is a very large graph, so you will want to click on it to get a larger more readable version.
We saw in earlier postings that Germany had no warming and that Turkey is even slightly cooling (with a commenter posting a link to a peer reviewed paper showing that when you used all the thermometer records for Turkey, they are cooling, and it is only selective listening skills that let GHCN show warming for Turkey.) Now we can add Ukraine to the European Stability Group.
It’s beginning to look like Europe will be made up of a stable core set of countries, and then some fringe ones with a lot of warming. I’d guess those with a lot of new air conditioners and airports added in the last 30 years or so.
Russia, for example, shows a “step function” higher on adding a load of thermometers, then another step function higher during The Great Dying of Thermometers. The net effect is to add about 1 C of “warming”, but largely due to thermometer changes, IMHO.