GHCN v3 First Data

OK, I’ve gotten all the GHCN v3 data unpacked. I’ve also gotten my lmyears and dotemps programs and scripts adapted to it. (They have added a 1/100 C position on the individual temperature data items… incredibly optimistic, if you ask me, and even if the PRESENT electronic thermometers can report that, you are comparing to old data that does not have it. Oh, and what about the error bands on those new electronic thermometers?…)

There is also a new ‘flag’ of some sort just after each temperature data item. I’ve not found out what it is, yet, but suspect it tell something about how that data item was created. (They no long give temperatures for an instrument, but rather a synthesized thing made from whatever records they have, with a bunch of adjusting and homoginizing/QA prebaked…)

Don’t yet have dT/dt adapted to it, but the first bits of data from dotemps are interesting enough. In general “Things Change”. Not a lot, just a little. An individual thermometer only has a tiny bit of change, but the country of Ireland has more thermometers added in a few years, and the data in general are more “squirmy” when doing a side by side A/B. I open two windows with each report aligned, then just click between them. Changed areas of one or two data items show up as a small ‘flicker’ while lots of changes show up as a kind of ‘squirm’ where several 2 digit fields become single digit and various small .x numbers shift. Partly I’m posting these data here, rather than in the prior posting, so you can open two windows side by side to compare them yourself.

Why am I not “plotting these up”? Because right now I’m in “code making” mode, not “pretty presentation” mode. Feel free to “graph things up” yourself if you like. I’ll eventually get to it (though only after dT/dt is running… it does a compare less influenced by splice artifacts from individual thermometer changes.) These comparisons of the dotemps reports show the degree of “cruft” in the data. How much ‘bias’ and splice artifact the “magic sauce” in various codes like GIStemp and HADcrut have to remove. The dT/dt code has little to no splice artifact or homogenizing artifacts to remove, so shows what is actually happening with individual thermometers. (It does an anomaly process on EACH thermometer record as the very first step, unlike GIStemp et. al. who do it at the end. Now that v3 merges records before you every see the individual records, there is no way to properly do anomalies as the first step.)

So I’ll be porting dT/dt next, and then finding interesting differences. THEN I’ll go for pretty pictures ;-)

I’m just going to put the v3 results here, and my observations of the “A/B”, without a lot of detail. Folks can do their own detailed A/B if they like by looking back at the prior posting:

https://chiefio.wordpress.com/2012/05/10/ghcn-v1-vs-v2-v3-soon-teaser/

Ireland

For the individual station data for VALENTIA OBSERVATORY doesn’t change much, just a little. The v2 and v3 reports match until 1949, then the v2 data is 11.8 and v3 is 12.1 C. For 1948 the change is from 10.8 to 11.0 C. Throughout the ’60s area of the reports there’s a lot of “squirm” as things change, yet the totals don’t change much. In the early 1990s several missing data fields are retroactively filled. (Those -99 missing data flags go away). In general, there is some “squirm” in the reports, but not too much change in the totals. (Then again, a couple of 1/10 C matters, per the Warmers… so a detail comparison will be done, just ‘later’).

Thermometer Records, Average of Monthly Data and Yearly Average
by Year Across Month, with a count of thermometer records in that year
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
YEAR  JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN JULY  AUG SEPT  OCT  NOV  DEC  YR COUNT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
1869  8.7  9.3  7.0 11.1 10.8 13.8 16.3 15.5 14.0 12.3 10.1  6.6 11.3    1
1870  6.8  5.4  7.6  9.8 11.3 14.3 16.1 16.4 14.8 12.0  8.1  4.9 10.6    1
1871  6.2  8.8  8.7 10.4 12.8 14.2 14.7 15.8 13.2 11.9  8.2  7.3 11.0    1
1872  7.6  8.5  8.6  9.2 10.4 12.9 15.4 15.3 14.0  9.8  8.3  7.9 10.7    1
1873  7.5  5.5  6.9  9.7 11.5 13.9 14.7 14.8 12.8 10.3  8.4  9.4 10.5    1
1874  7.9  8.1  8.8  9.9 11.8 14.4 15.6 15.2 13.2 11.3  9.7  6.4 11.0    1
1875  9.6  6.3  7.6 10.2 11.9 13.1 14.5 16.0 15.3 11.2  8.2  7.1 10.9    1
1876  7.6  8.1  6.6  9.2 11.1 13.0 15.4 15.7 13.3 12.2  9.8  8.3 10.9    1
1877  8.1  8.6  7.4  9.2 10.6 14.1 14.2 14.7 12.8 12.1  9.2  8.4 10.8    1
1878  8.3  8.8  8.6 10.1 11.8 13.8 16.7 16.2 14.5 11.8  6.6  4.1 10.9    1
1879  5.3  6.4  7.4  8.1 10.0 12.7 13.1 13.9 12.5 10.6  8.1  6.9  9.6    1
1880  6.8  7.9  9.2  9.2 11.7 13.7 14.9 17.1 15.2  8.4  8.7  8.1 10.9    1
1881  3.7  6.6  7.8  9.1 12.3 12.9 14.4 13.9 13.2 11.1 11.2  7.3 10.3    1
1882  8.7  8.8  9.1  9.5 11.8 12.9 13.9 14.7 12.2 10.8  8.6  6.5 10.6    1
1883  7.9  7.4  5.7  8.7 10.4 13.4 13.5 14.6 13.4 11.2  9.2  7.9 10.3    1
1884  8.8  7.8  8.1  8.7 11.7 13.1 14.9 14.9 14.1 11.1  7.8  7.6 10.7    1
1885  6.9  7.4  6.8  8.3  9.5 12.9 15.2 15.2 13.1  9.4  9.3  7.1 10.1    1
1886  5.5  6.3  6.4  9.0 10.3 13.8 15.0 14.9 13.9 11.4  9.2  6.3 10.2    1
1887  7.5  7.4  6.4  7.7 11.1 16.3 16.4 15.6 13.0  9.7  7.2  6.2 10.4    1
1888  7.2  4.8  5.3  7.9 11.2 13.8 13.9 14.8 13.0 11.2  9.7  8.3 10.1    1
1889  7.5  6.9  7.3  8.1 11.1 13.8 14.6 14.2 14.2  9.8  9.6  8.4 10.5    1
1890  7.9  6.3  7.4  9.0 11.2 13.0 13.7 14.0 14.4 12.4  8.6  5.2 10.3    1
1891  5.9  8.3  6.1  8.6  9.7 14.4 14.3 13.9 13.6  9.9  7.5  8.3 10.0    1
1892  5.6  6.1  5.3  8.9 11.6 13.3 14.7 14.7 12.6  7.9  9.2  7.9  9.8    1
1893  6.5  6.7  9.3 11.5 13.7 15.8 15.8 16.7 13.4 10.7  7.5  7.4 11.2    1
1894  5.8  8.1  8.6  9.9 10.3 13.9 14.3 14.1 12.8 10.8  9.1  8.5 10.5    1
1895  4.2  2.7  7.3  9.3 11.7 14.6 14.3 14.7 14.6  9.3  8.4  7.7  9.9    1
1896  7.6  8.4  8.6 10.1 12.6 15.0 15.2 14.6 13.7  7.8  6.9  6.5 10.6    1
1897  4.7  8.6  7.4  8.4 10.9 13.9 16.0 15.0 12.5 12.2 10.0  8.2 10.6    1
1898  9.1  7.5  6.3  9.0 10.7 13.7 15.9 16.0 15.9 12.2  9.3  9.4 11.2    1
1899  6.7  7.7  7.7  9.0 11.4 15.2 15.8 17.9 14.1 11.3 10.6  7.5 11.2    1
1900  7.3  4.2  5.5  9.8 11.3 14.0 16.0 15.0 14.1 10.9  8.3  9.0 10.4    1
1901  7.0  4.6  6.1  8.4 12.3 13.4 15.6 15.0 13.9 10.6  7.7  6.5 10.1    1
1902  7.6  5.0  8.1  8.3 10.1 13.6 14.8 14.9 13.8 11.4  9.6  7.8 10.4    1
1903  6.9  8.6  7.6  8.2 11.0 13.8 15.0 13.9 13.4 10.6  8.7  6.3 10.3    1
1904  6.9  6.2  6.2  8.8 10.9 13.4 15.2 14.2 13.2 11.2  8.8  8.3 10.3    1
1905  8.1  7.2  7.3  9.0 11.4 14.6 15.9 14.1 12.4  9.3  6.8  8.8 10.4    1
1906  7.7  6.1  7.4  8.0 10.2 14.5 14.8 15.6 14.1 11.2  9.2  7.3 10.5    1
1907  6.8  6.1  8.7  8.2 10.7 12.2 14.9 14.6 14.7 10.2  8.3  7.4 10.2    1
1908  6.4  8.1  6.7  7.9 12.2 13.7 15.1 15.2 13.1 13.7 10.8  8.8 11.0    1
1909  7.7  6.8  6.0  9.4 11.5 12.5 14.3 15.4 13.3 11.2  6.8  6.6 10.1    1
1910  6.9  6.8  7.7  7.8 11.2 13.7 14.7 14.8 12.9 12.1  7.5  8.2 10.4    1
1911  7.1  7.3  7.1  8.4 12.1 14.1 16.5 16.4 13.7 11.5  7.8  7.9 10.8    1
1912  7.2  7.2  7.8  9.9 12.2 13.2 14.3 12.6 12.7 10.6  9.1  9.0 10.5    1
1913  6.8  6.9  7.2  8.3 10.5 12.8 14.8 15.5 14.3 11.5 10.0  7.5 10.5    1
1914  7.2  8.0  7.8 10.0 11.0 13.8 14.4 15.4 14.5 11.5  9.0  6.3 10.7    1
1915  6.7  5.6  6.6  9.5 12.3 14.5 14.5 15.1 14.8 11.7  6.6  7.4 10.4    1
1916  9.1  5.8  5.1  8.7 10.8 12.3 15.0 16.8 14.5 12.4  8.7  5.4 10.4    1
1917  4.7  4.7  6.4  7.0 12.2 13.4 15.7 14.9 13.7  9.5  7.2  6.2  9.6    1
1918  6.6  8.8  7.6  8.8 12.3 13.8 14.9 15.3 12.3 10.3  8.9  9.2 10.7    1
1919  6.3  6.5  5.6  8.5 12.5 13.3 14.1 15.7 13.3 10.8  5.2  8.4 10.0    1
1920  7.5  8.5  7.4  8.3 11.1 13.6 13.5 14.4 13.6 12.7 10.4  7.2 10.7    1
1921  9.2  7.5  8.2  9.4 10.8 14.5 17.6 14.4 14.1 13.8 10.4 10.0 11.7    1
1922  7.7  7.9  7.3  6.8 11.9 13.1 13.0 13.6 13.1 10.4  8.9  7.9 10.1    1
1923  8.3  8.0  8.1  8.1  9.9 12.7 15.7 14.7 12.7 10.6  6.1  8.2 10.3    1
1924  7.9  6.4  7.3  8.2 11.2 13.2 14.1 14.1 13.0 11.7  9.3  9.0 10.4    1
1925  8.4  6.8  7.0  8.2 10.4 14.1 14.3 14.9 12.6 12.0  6.8  6.6 10.2    1
1926  7.9  9.1  8.3 10.1 10.8 13.1 16.9 15.9 14.6 10.2  7.9  6.8 11.0    1
1927  7.3  8.0  8.5  8.8 12.1 12.6 14.9 14.9 12.7 12.3  8.4  6.6 10.6    1
1928  8.3  8.7  7.3  8.4 11.8 13.5 14.8 14.7 13.3 11.8  9.5  7.5 10.8    1
1929  5.8  7.5  9.0  9.0 11.3 13.3 14.8 14.8 15.0 11.0  9.0  7.6 10.7    1
1930  6.6  4.4  7.2  8.5 11.3 13.9 14.2 14.0 13.8 11.8  8.7  7.8 10.2    1
1931  7.2  7.3  8.2  9.3 11.3 14.0 14.7 15.0 13.2 11.4  9.7  9.3 10.9    1
1932  9.3  5.9  7.5  8.3 11.0 14.7 15.1 16.6 13.7 10.8  9.9  8.4 10.9    1
1933  6.2  6.7  8.9 10.2 12.3 13.7 16.6 16.4 15.1 11.9  8.7  6.2 11.1    1
1934  8.2  6.5  7.6  8.1 11.1 15.3 17.0 14.7 13.6 11.4  8.7  9.9 11.0    1
1935  7.4  7.8  8.6  9.4 11.7 13.4 15.6 15.4 14.0 11.2  8.1  6.3 10.7    1
1936  6.4  7.2  8.4  8.4 11.5 13.9 14.9 15.8 14.8 12.6  8.9  8.5 10.9    1
1937  7.7  7.9  5.4 10.1 11.9 13.6 15.0 15.9 13.7 10.9  8.4  6.8 10.6    1
1938  8.0  7.4  9.7  9.6 11.2 13.7 14.1 15.4 13.9 12.1 10.9  7.0 11.1    1
1939  6.6  8.7  7.7  9.5 12.2 14.8 14.4 15.9 14.7 10.0 10.8  6.4 11.0    1
1940  6.2  8.1  8.7  9.9 12.6 15.9 14.4 15.9 13.8 11.0  9.2  7.9 11.1    1
1941  5.2  6.2  7.3  8.2 10.7 14.5 15.1 14.7 15.0 12.7  8.7  9.4 10.6    1
1942  7.4  6.0  9.1 10.4 11.9 13.9 14.9 15.8 13.6 10.7  6.2  9.8 10.8    1
1943  8.4  8.9  9.1 10.8 11.7 14.1 15.8 14.9 13.1 11.6  9.5  7.4 11.3    1
1944  9.5  6.6  8.0 10.9 11.8 13.9 15.7 16.1 13.1 10.8  9.0  8.1 11.1    1
1945  4.8  9.4  9.8 10.9 12.3 13.8 15.6 15.9 15.1 13.6 10.7  9.2 11.8    1
1946  7.7  8.6  8.1  9.8 11.9 13.0 14.7 14.1 14.1 12.2 10.1  7.2 11.0    1
1947  6.5  2.8  6.8  9.5 11.2 14.0 14.6 17.3 14.7 12.7  9.9  8.0 10.7    1
1948  7.8  7.7 10.6  9.5 12.1 13.3 14.8 15.3 14.3 12.1 11.8  9.0 11.5    1
1949  9.1  9.1  8.9 10.6 11.4 15.1 16.5 16.3 15.8 13.1  9.7  9.1 12.1    1
1950  8.7  7.8  9.8  9.5 13.0 14.9 15.7 14.9 13.3 11.5  8.2  5.2 11.0    1
1951  6.3  5.1  6.4  8.3 10.6 13.8 15.4 14.6 13.6 11.8  9.6  7.9 10.3    1
1952  5.9  7.1  8.8  9.3 12.2 13.2 15.9 15.4 12.2 11.3  8.1  7.4 10.6    1
1953  7.3  7.3  7.6  8.2 12.2 13.3 14.8 15.1 14.2 11.2  9.8  9.6 10.9    1
1954  6.7  6.7  8.1  9.7 11.2 12.9 13.6 14.0 12.9 12.6  8.6  9.1 10.5    1
1955  6.1  4.1  5.6 10.6 10.4 13.7 16.4 17.8 15.1 10.6  9.5  9.2 10.8    1
1956  6.8  4.4  9.3  9.1 11.6 13.0 14.6 13.6 14.2 10.9  8.9  8.6 10.4    1
1957  7.3  6.8 10.6  9.6 11.6 14.1 15.4 15.3 13.6 11.7  8.3  7.7 11.0    1
1958  7.1  7.9  7.2  9.2 10.7 13.1 14.6 15.2 15.0 11.8  9.9  6.8 10.7    1
1959  6.1  8.6  8.6  9.3 12.3 14.1 15.3 15.8 15.2 13.6  8.7  7.7 11.3    1
1960  6.8  5.7  9.0  9.6 12.6 14.7 14.4 14.8 13.3 10.4  8.5  6.8 10.6    1
1961  7.0  9.2  9.7 10.6 11.5 13.1 14.4 14.5 13.9 11.2  8.4  6.5 10.8    1
1962  7.1  7.1  5.8  9.3 11.1 12.8 14.5 14.3 12.9 11.5  7.7  7.0 10.1    1
1963  2.6  4.4  8.3  8.8 10.5 14.1 14.4 13.9 13.2 12.2  9.1  6.2  9.8    1
1964  7.7  7.5  8.1  9.2 12.6 13.0 14.6 14.9 14.3 11.5 10.0  7.1 10.9    1
1965  5.7  4.7  8.4  9.5 11.7 13.3 14.6 14.6 12.2 12.8  7.6  7.4 10.2    1
1966  6.5  8.9  8.7  9.6 11.0 13.8 14.5 14.9 14.8 10.0  7.5  8.6 10.7    1
1967  7.0  7.1  7.4  9.4  9.8 13.3 14.6 14.7 13.0 10.7  7.9  8.0 10.2    1
1968  8.1  4.4  7.4  8.9 10.0 13.6 14.3 15.6 13.6 13.6  9.6  6.9 10.5    1
1969  6.6  3.8  6.9  8.7 10.7 13.2 15.0 14.9 13.5 13.6  7.3  7.4 10.1    1
1970  6.7  6.2  6.4  8.2 12.0 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.0 11.9  9.1  6.4 10.4    1
1971  7.6  7.1  6.8  8.6 11.0 13.0 15.3 15.0 15.5 13.3  9.0  8.7 10.9    1
1972  5.9  6.6  7.1  9.0 10.1 11.3 14.9 13.6 12.9 11.7  8.2  8.5 10.0    1
1973  7.7  7.1  7.8  8.7 11.3 13.4 14.2 15.1 14.5 11.7 10.1  7.7 10.8    1
1974  8.0  7.0  7.4  9.6 10.7 13.5 14.3 14.4 11.7  9.3  7.9  9.4 10.3    1
1975  8.0  8.6  6.9  8.8 11.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 12.7 12.2  9.2  7.1 10.9    1
1976  8.0  7.0  8.2  9.2 10.7 14.3 15.9 16.9 14.0 10.1  8.2  5.2 10.6    1
1977  5.3  6.7  8.2  8.5 10.8 12.5 15.5 15.0 13.5 12.4  7.7  8.7 10.4    1
1978  5.7  5.9  7.6  8.3 11.4 12.8 13.9 14.5 14.2 12.7 10.8  7.1 10.4    1
1979  4.9  5.3  6.1  7.8  9.3 13.1 14.6 14.2 13.2 11.5  9.7  7.6  9.8    1
1980  6.2  7.9  6.6  9.2 11.4 12.8 14.0 15.3 14.0 10.4  8.3  8.4 10.4    1
1981  8.7  7.3  9.3  9.5 10.9 12.9 14.3 16.0 14.7  9.4 10.2  5.8 10.8    1
1982  7.6  8.2  7.9  9.7 11.4 14.6 16.0 15.2 13.5 11.3  8.8  7.7 11.0    1
1983  8.8  5.8  8.7  7.0  9.9 13.3 17.0 16.8 14.2 11.6 10.3  9.4 11.1    1
1984  6.6  7.7  6.5 10.4 10.4 13.3 16.0 16.1 13.7 11.7  7.7  8.4 10.7    1
1985  5.0  7.9  7.2  9.8 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.6 14.6 11.9  7.2  8.7 10.3    1
1986  7.1  3.0  7.0  6.8 10.0 13.5 14.4 12.8 12.2 12.0  9.5  8.2  9.7    1
1987  6.1  6.9  7.4 10.3 10.8 12.8 15.3 15.3 13.4  9.9  9.1  9.0 10.5    1
1988  7.2  6.7  8.7  9.7 11.2 14.5 13.5 14.1 13.0 11.4  9.2  9.9 10.8    1
1989  9.2  8.2  8.4  7.4 12.8 13.7 17.0 16.1 13.7 12.4  9.5  7.4 11.3    1
1990  8.6  8.3  9.5  8.9 13.2 13.0 16.0 16.0 13.3 12.3  9.0  7.2 11.3    1
1991  6.2  5.3  8.7  9.1 11.4 12.9 15.7 15.5 15.7 10.5  8.7  8.6 10.7    1
1992  7.4  7.9  8.8  9.1 13.0 14.1 15.3 14.1 11.7  9.2  9.4  7.3 10.6    1
1993  8.0  8.3  8.0 10.0 11.2 13.3 14.6 14.4 13.2  9.1  9.2  8.4 10.6    1
1994  7.8  7.3  8.9  8.4 11.6 12.8 14.5 14.6 13.0 11.9 11.3  9.1 10.9    1
1995  7.4  8.2  7.3  9.4 11.2 14.3 17.0 18.0 13.4 13.1  9.8  6.9 11.3    1
1996  7.4  5.8  7.3  9.2  9.5 13.6 15.1 14.8 14.7 12.1  8.4  6.4 10.4    1
1997  6.0  8.0  9.1 10.8 12.6 13.7 15.6 16.4 15.0 13.0  9.8  8.3 11.5    1
1998  7.4  9.1  9.4  8.2 12.4 13.2 14.6 15.4 14.8 12.5  9.6  8.7 11.3    1
1999  7.7  8.4  7.9 10.0 12.6 12.8 15.9 15.8 14.2 11.8  9.3  7.5 11.2    1
2000  6.6  8.3  8.3  8.0 12.0 13.8 15.5 15.5 14.0 10.7  8.3  7.5 10.7    1
2001  6.0  6.7  7.6  8.5 11.9 13.5 15.1 14.9 14.0 13.0 10.2  7.5 10.7    1
2002  9.2  8.1  8.5  9.5 11.2 12.5 14.0 14.6 14.3 11.3 10.2  8.3 11.0    1
2003  7.0  7.8  9.3 10.9 11.3 13.8 15.1 16.6 14.3 11.2  9.9  8.3 11.3    1
2004  7.7  7.2  8.6  9.6 11.4-99.0 14.6 15.6 14.9 10.1 10.3  9.4 10.9    1
2005  8.4  6.8  9.1  9.7 11.3 14.5 15.7 15.7 14.8 12.7  9.5  8.5 11.4    1
2006  8.0  7.2  7.4  9.2 11.0 14.2 16.6 15.4 15.4 13.5  9.6  9.2 11.4    1
2007  8.6  7.9  8.3 10.9 11.8 14.3 15.1 15.2 14.0 13.4 10.9  9.6 11.7    1
2008  8.7  8.3  7.9  9.1 13.5 13.6 15.3 15.4 13.4 10.9  9.4  8.0 11.1    1
2009  7.3  7.1  8.8 10.0 11.6 15.0 15.2 14.9 13.6 13.1  9.5  5.9 11.0    1
2010  4.9  4.8  7.3  9.9 11.8 14.9 15.2 15.0 14.9 11.7  7.4  3.7 10.1    1
2011  5.5  8.3  7.9 11.7 12.0 12.3 13.9 14.0 14.2 12.5 11.2  8.4 11.0    1
2012  9.0  8.9 10.2  4.2-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0  8.1    1
AA    7.1  7.1  7.8  9.1 11.4 13.7 15.0 15.1 13.8 11.4  8.9  7.7 10.7
Ad    7.1  7.1  7.8  9.1 11.4 13.7 15.0 15.2 13.8 11.4  8.9  7.7 10.7
 
For Country Code 62103953
 
From input file ./data/v3.mean

How about for the whole of Ireland?

This is the v3 data for all of Ireland, averaged. On the very far right edge is the count of thermometers (though, as some amount of merging of records is already done in v3, that’s a bit less informative that it was in the past). There is more change in the later years, here. This is in keeping with the way that thermometers in use constantly mutates. There is a peculiar tendency to add thermometers in years ‘just a few ago’ but still have the drop off in recent years to a selected subset. Just asking for uncorrectable spice artifacts, IMHO.

In 1871 we get a 1/10 C rise in the totals. (June rose by 1/10 C. Go figure…) A couple of years just above it have similar summer changes, but the totals don’t change as they offset. ( 1959-60 has similar changes about September). In general, just modest 1/10 C in the totals, a bit more in some years in individual data.

The biggest changes come in 1990 when we have changes in thermometer counts again. IMHO, that’s the major problems throughout all of the GHCN (and similar) data sets. When the thermometer counts change, the averages change a lot, and then we are depending entirely on the various codes to “clean it up”.


Thermometer Records, Average of Monthly Data and Yearly Average
by Year Across Month, with a count of thermometer records in that year
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
YEAR  JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN JULY  AUG SEPT  OCT  NOV  DEC  YR COUNT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
1831  4.4  5.7  7.2  8.2 10.1 13.3 14.8 15.3 11.9 11.4  6.7  6.1  9.6    1
1832  5.1  5.3  5.7  8.0  9.2 13.0 14.6 13.5 12.2 10.2  6.3  6.1  9.1    1
1833  3.9  5.6  3.9  7.0 12.4 11.8 15.2 13.1 11.9 10.2  7.4  6.4  9.1    1
1834  6.6  6.4  7.1  8.0 11.4 12.6 15.6 14.1 13.5  9.8  7.6  6.8 10.0    1
1835  4.6  5.5  6.1  8.6  9.7 13.1 15.1 15.3 11.9  8.7  8.1  6.2  9.4    1
1836  5.3  3.9  5.2  6.8 11.2 13.8 14.0 13.3 10.6  8.7  5.7  5.0  8.6    1
1837  4.1  6.6  3.1  4.2  8.7 13.3 16.0 14.1 12.1 10.4  6.8  7.5  8.9    1
1838  2.7  2.7  4.8  5.4  9.4 11.9 14.1 13.5 12.2  9.3  5.7  6.2  8.2    1
1839  3.8  4.9  5.6  7.1  8.8 12.8 14.6 13.9 11.8 10.1  7.0  4.9  8.8    1
1840  6.2  4.3  5.5  9.2 10.5 12.7 13.2 15.2 10.7  7.9  6.4  4.4  8.9    1
1841  2.3  4.7  8.1  7.7 11.3 12.5 13.0 13.9 13.4  8.7  5.6  5.7  8.9    1
1842  3.7  5.2  6.8  7.3 10.2 14.4 13.7 15.1 12.8  7.3  7.0  8.7  9.4    1
1843  5.4  2.9  6.5  8.1  9.6 12.2 14.0 14.2 13.7  7.6  6.6  8.9  9.1    1
1844  5.0  3.2  5.5  9.5 10.7 13.4 14.6 12.8 12.8  9.1  8.0  3.4  9.0    1
1845  4.9  4.0  4.1  8.6  9.9 13.4 13.2 12.9 10.9  9.8  7.0  5.2  8.7    1
1846  7.3  6.7  6.0  7.4 11.4 16.3 15.2 14.8 13.7  9.8  8.2  2.3  9.9    1
1847  5.2  3.1  5.9  7.0 11.3 12.8 16.3 13.9 11.3 10.6  8.9  6.1  9.4    1
1848  2.6  6.5  5.5  7.2 12.8 12.4 14.1 12.4 12.3  8.8  5.8  5.9  8.9    1
1849  5.7  6.2  6.5  5.9 11.0 12.3 14.3 14.1 12.4  9.2  7.8  4.2  9.1    1
1850  3.2  7.3  5.2  8.7  9.7 14.0 14.8 13.5 11.3  8.2  8.3  7.4  9.3    1
1851  6.0  5.9  6.1  7.0 10.2 13.2 13.9 14.8 12.0 10.3  4.4  5.9  9.1    1
1852  5.5  5.2  5.7  8.3 10.6 12.2 16.3 14.4 11.6  8.1  7.5  8.0  9.4    1
1855-99.0  0.2  4.9  7.9  8.7 12.7 15.9 15.4 13.0  9.5  5.7  3.8  8.9    1
1856  4.2  5.9  4.8  7.7  9.1 13.0 15.0 16.1 12.1 10.9  6.7  4.8  9.2    1
1857  4.2  5.6  5.5  7.5 10.8 14.3 15.6 16.1 14.0 11.5  8.4  8.8 10.2    1
1858  6.6  4.8  6.0  8.2 10.8 15.2 13.9 14.3 14.1  9.4  6.1  6.9  9.7    1
1859  6.2  6.4  8.2  7.6 10.5 13.9 17.0 15.7 12.6  9.8  6.6  3.0  9.8    1
1860  4.5  3.5  5.5  6.4 11.6 12.0 14.1 13.2 11.1 10.4  6.1  2.7  8.4    1
1861  5.6  5.8  6.6  8.6 11.9 14.9 15.2 15.9 12.1 10.3  4.2  5.0  9.7    1
1862  5.5  5.9  6.5  9.2 11.4 12.5 12.9 13.5 12.5  9.6  3.6  7.0  9.2    1
1863  4.5  6.7  7.7  8.7 11.1 13.8 15.1 14.9 11.5  9.5  9.0  6.8  9.9    1
1864  4.5  3.2  6.0 10.1 12.5 13.6 15.9 14.0 13.3  9.7  6.5  4.7  9.5    1
1865  3.0  4.7  4.7 10.2 12.0 16.1 16.4 15.6 16.2 10.5  6.6  7.3 10.3    1
1866  6.1  4.9  5.2  8.7  9.7 14.2 15.7 14.5 11.6 10.4  6.9  6.8  9.6    1
1867  2.0  7.1  4.3  9.8 11.2 14.6 14.7 16.2 13.3 10.2  5.8  5.2  9.5    1
1868  5.4  6.9  8.1  9.5 12.3 15.0 17.3 15.4 14.0  8.9  6.2  7.1 10.5    1
1869  7.8  8.6  5.9 10.4  9.8 13.6 16.6 15.3 13.9 11.6  8.4  5.1 10.6    2
1870  5.7  4.8  6.8  9.7 11.8 14.4 16.0 15.4 14.4 11.0  6.7  3.3 10.0    2
1871  4.5  8.1  8.3  9.9 12.2 13.8 14.9 16.0 12.5 11.2  6.8  6.2 10.4    2
1872  6.4  8.1  7.8  8.9 10.2 13.3 15.9 15.3 13.4  9.0  7.5  6.4 10.2    2
1873  6.4  4.3  6.3  8.9 10.9 14.2 15.2 15.1 12.4  9.6  7.6  7.6  9.9    2
1874  6.1  6.7  8.3  9.8 11.1 14.0 15.9 15.1 13.1 10.6  8.5  4.2 10.2    2
1875  8.7  5.2  6.9  9.3 12.1 13.2 14.4 16.1 14.9 10.4  7.1  5.7 10.3    2
1876  6.6  6.9  5.7  8.7 10.4 13.2 15.8 15.6 13.1 11.8  8.5  7.3 10.3    2
1877  7.0  7.8  6.6  8.5 10.2 14.4 14.6 14.9 12.4 11.4  8.2  6.9 10.2    2
1878  6.9  7.9  7.7  9.8 11.9 14.4 16.8 16.1 14.2 11.2  4.9  2.0 10.3    2
1879  3.2  5.3  6.6  7.6  9.6 13.1 13.4 13.4 11.9  9.8  6.8  4.7  8.8    2
1880  5.2  7.1  7.8  8.0 10.8 13.4 14.6 16.2 14.5  7.5  7.2  6.5  9.9    2
1881  1.6  5.3  6.6  7.9 11.5 12.8 14.8 13.6 12.5  9.6 10.3  5.8  9.4    2
1882  7.6  7.9  8.3  8.4 11.1 12.6 14.2 14.5 11.6 10.0  7.1  4.5  9.8    2
1883  6.7  6.6  4.3  7.9 10.1 13.0 13.5 14.4 12.6 10.1  7.6  6.4  9.4    2
1884  7.8  6.7  7.2  7.6 10.8 13.1 14.9 15.1 13.8 10.2  6.6  6.1 10.0    2
1885  5.7  6.3  5.6  7.8  8.8 12.4 15.0 14.0 12.2  8.2  8.1  5.9  9.2    2
1886  4.0  4.9  5.4  7.9  9.8 13.4 15.0 14.8 13.0 10.9  8.3  4.3  9.3    2
1887  6.0  6.2  5.2  6.8 10.2 15.8 16.4 15.3 12.2  8.6  6.1  4.8  9.5    2
1888  6.1  3.8  4.4  7.2 10.5 13.1 13.6 14.2 12.2 10.0  8.9  6.8  9.2    2
1889  6.3  5.3  6.6  7.5 11.2 13.6 14.1 14.1 13.4  8.9  8.4  7.1  9.7    2
1890  7.1  5.3  6.9  8.2 10.9 13.3 13.3 13.4 14.5 11.2  7.6  4.1  9.7    2
1891  4.8  7.1  5.2  7.3  9.0 14.2 14.3 13.9 13.4  9.4  6.4  6.8  9.3    2
1892  4.2  5.2  4.1  7.8 11.1 12.8 13.9 14.6 12.1  7.2  8.3  5.7  8.9    2
1893  5.3  5.9  8.4 10.3 13.1 14.9 15.6 16.4 12.8  9.9  6.6  6.4 10.4    2
1894  5.1  7.2  7.4  9.4  9.4 13.2 14.4 13.8 11.8  9.7  8.4  6.9  9.7    2
1895  2.7  1.5  6.6  8.5 11.2 14.1 14.1 14.6 14.2  8.1  8.0  6.1  9.1    2
1896  6.7  7.2  7.7  9.6 11.9 15.1 15.1 14.1 13.1  7.2  6.2  5.3  9.9    2
1897  3.5  7.7  6.9  7.7 10.0 13.9 15.6 15.1 12.1 11.5  9.1  7.3 10.0    2
1898  8.4  6.4  5.5  8.9 10.1 13.4 15.4 15.5 15.1 11.4  8.0  8.6 10.6    2
1899  5.8  6.5  7.0  8.4 10.2 14.7 15.8 16.8 13.3 10.1  9.9  5.9 10.4    2
1900  6.2  3.1  4.5  9.1 10.4 13.6 16.1 14.4 13.4 10.0  7.4  8.1  9.7    2
1901  5.8  3.8  5.2  8.1 11.1 12.9 15.9 14.7 13.4  9.8  6.8  5.1  9.4    2
1902  6.4  4.1  7.6  7.6  9.4 13.0 14.3 14.1 13.1 10.6  8.6  6.8  9.6    2
1903  5.7  8.0  7.1  7.2 10.4 12.8 14.6 13.3 12.5 10.2  7.5  5.1  9.5    2
1904  5.8  5.1  5.5  8.6 10.4 13.1 15.0 14.2 12.7 10.4  7.4  6.8  9.6    2
1905  6.8  6.3  6.8  7.9 10.9 14.1 16.1 13.9 12.0  8.2  5.8  8.1  9.7    2
1906  6.7  4.7  6.6  7.1  9.9 14.1 14.7 15.9 13.2 10.4  8.4  5.7  9.8    2
1907  5.8  4.8  7.7  7.6  9.8 11.9 14.6 14.1 13.9  9.7  7.2  6.4  9.5    2
1908  5.4  7.3  5.7  6.8 11.9 13.1 15.1 14.6 12.8 12.8  9.4  7.2 10.2    2
1909  6.4  5.8  5.1  8.8 10.8 12.0 14.4 15.1 12.1 10.4  6.0  5.4  9.4    2
1910  5.5  6.0  6.8  7.2 10.5 13.5 14.2 14.5 12.4 11.1  5.8  7.2  9.6    2
1911  5.8  6.2  6.2  8.1 11.6 13.6 16.5 16.0 12.9 10.4  6.8  7.0 10.1    2
1912  5.8  6.4  7.5  8.9 11.5 12.9 14.1 11.9 11.7  9.2  7.8  7.9  9.7    2
1913  5.9  6.1  6.2  7.8 10.3 12.8 14.2 14.9 13.4 10.9  9.0  6.3  9.8    2
1914  6.2  7.4  6.8  9.2 10.6 13.4 14.7 15.4 13.4 10.7  7.8  5.1 10.1    2
1915  5.2  4.6  6.1  8.6 10.8 13.6 14.1 14.6 13.7 10.4  5.2  6.2  9.4    2
1916  8.4  5.0  4.4  8.0 10.6 11.9 14.9 16.4 13.7 11.6  8.0  4.2  9.7    2
1917  3.7  3.7  5.3  6.3 11.5 13.3 15.4 14.8 13.5  8.3  7.9  5.0  9.1    2
1918  5.8  8.4  6.8  7.4 11.6 13.1 14.4 15.3 11.6  9.4  7.4  8.1  9.9    2
1919  5.1  4.9  4.7  8.0 12.1 13.2 13.6 15.4 12.6  9.8  4.2  7.2  9.2    2
1920  6.6  7.7  6.9  7.9 10.9 13.4 13.6 13.9 13.1 11.5  9.5  6.0 10.1    2
1921  8.4  6.6  7.7  8.4 10.4 13.9 17.4 14.2 13.7 12.8  8.8  8.7 10.9    2
1922  6.2  6.8  6.3  5.7 11.8 12.8 13.1 13.4 12.2  9.6  8.0  6.6  9.4    2
1923  7.2  7.2  7.2  7.5  9.1 12.9 15.9 14.4 12.2 10.1  4.9  6.8  9.6    2
1924  6.9  5.3  5.8  7.2 10.8 13.3 14.2 13.9 12.4 10.5  8.6  8.1  9.8    2
1925  7.2  5.6  6.2  7.5 10.2 14.0 14.8 14.9 11.9 11.1  5.4  5.2  9.5    2
1926  6.9  8.0  7.4  9.4 10.1 12.9 16.5 15.9 14.1  9.1  6.7  5.9 10.2    2
1927  6.1  6.6  7.9  8.4 11.1 11.9 15.1 14.9 12.2 11.2  7.2  5.3  9.8    2
1928  6.9  7.6  6.6  7.8 10.9 12.8 14.9 14.4 12.6 11.1  8.5  6.2 10.0    2
1929  4.8  5.8  7.6  7.9 10.8 12.8 14.9 14.8 14.4 10.2  7.7  6.6  9.8    2
1930  5.7  3.3  6.3  8.1 10.7 13.7 14.4 14.1 13.2 10.9  7.2  6.6  9.5    2
1931  5.5  6.1  6.4  8.5 10.8 14.1 14.6 14.4 12.2 10.2  8.6  7.8  9.9    2
1932  8.1  5.1  6.3  7.3 10.4 14.2 15.4 16.0 12.9  9.6  8.5  7.6 10.1    2
1933  4.7  5.6  8.1  9.9 11.9 14.1 16.9 16.5 14.6 11.1  7.3  5.2 10.5    2
1934  7.2  5.7  6.7  7.7 11.1 15.1 17.1 14.6 13.7 10.9  7.7  9.2 10.6    2
1935  6.4  6.9  7.9  8.4 10.7 13.6 15.8 15.6 13.5 10.4  7.1  4.9 10.1    2
1936  4.9  5.8  7.8  7.3 10.8 13.8 14.8 15.9 14.1 11.5  7.2  7.3 10.1    2
1937  6.7  6.7  4.2  9.6 11.6 13.5 15.1 15.8 13.1 10.0  7.4  5.2  9.9    2
1938  7.0  6.8  9.4  8.4 10.8 13.5 14.1 15.0 13.6 11.3 10.1  5.8 10.5    2
1939  5.3  7.7  7.2  9.0 11.6 14.1 14.6 15.6 13.9  9.4  9.8  5.2 10.3    2
1940  3.7  6.8  7.8  9.4 12.0 15.6 14.2 15.7 13.1 10.5  8.1  6.3 10.3    2
1941  3.3  5.1  6.4  7.3 10.0 14.2 15.1 14.5 14.9 11.7  7.8  7.9  9.8    2
1942  5.8  4.4  7.9  9.8 11.2 13.6 14.9 15.4 13.1 10.1  5.5  8.6 10.0    2
1943  7.1  7.8  8.0 10.4 11.0 13.8 15.4 14.9 12.8 11.1  8.1  6.1 10.5    2
1944  8.4  5.6  6.9 10.5 11.4 13.4 15.6 16.0 12.5  9.9  7.8  6.7 10.4    2
1945  3.2  8.8  9.4 10.4 11.8 13.9 15.6 15.5 14.6 12.6  9.4  8.1 11.1    2
1946  6.1  7.5  7.1  9.2 10.8 12.8 14.8 13.9 13.7 11.3  9.0  5.5 10.1    2
1947  5.2  1.8  5.7  9.1 11.2 14.0 14.7 17.0 14.2 11.9  8.9  6.8 10.0    2
1948  5.9  6.5  9.7  8.9 11.2 13.0 14.9 14.9 13.9 11.3 10.4  7.5 10.7    3
1949  7.4  7.8  7.5  9.8 10.8 14.8 16.3 15.9 15.2 11.9  7.6  6.5 11.0    6
1950  6.2  5.6  8.1  7.8 11.5 14.6 14.9 14.3 12.1  9.8  5.6  2.5  9.4    7
1951  4.4  3.5  5.1  6.8  9.6 13.2 15.2 13.8 13.2 10.7  7.8  6.0  9.1    7
1952  3.5  5.0  7.4  9.0 12.1 13.0 15.5 14.9 10.9  9.6  5.8  4.8  9.3    7
1953  5.3  6.1  6.1  7.0 12.2 13.5 14.5 14.8 13.6  9.9  8.3  7.7  9.9    7
1954  4.8  4.7  6.6  8.5 10.8 12.6 13.5 13.6 11.7 11.5  6.7  7.4  9.4    8
1955  3.9  2.2  4.2  9.7  9.7 13.1 16.3 17.0 13.9  9.1  8.0  7.0  9.5   10
1956  4.5  2.8  7.7  8.1 11.2 12.6 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.0  7.7  7.1  9.4    9
1957  5.7  5.3  9.6  8.6 10.8 13.9 15.1 14.5 12.3 10.6  6.9  6.1 10.0    9
1958  5.2  5.8  5.0  8.1 10.1 12.9 14.6 14.8 14.2 10.9  8.6  5.4  9.6    9
1959  3.5  6.6  7.5  8.6 12.0 14.0 15.4 15.7 14.5 12.1  7.1  6.1 10.3    9
1960  5.0  4.2  7.3  9.1 12.3 14.6 14.3 14.2 12.5 10.0  7.2  4.4  9.6    9
1961  4.8  7.8  8.8  9.4 10.8 13.0 13.9 14.1 13.4 10.0  6.9  4.2  9.8   14
1962  5.3  5.8  4.3  8.0 10.1 12.5 14.0 13.6 11.9 10.7  6.6  5.3  9.0   14
1963  0.7  2.5  6.9  8.1  9.8 13.6 14.0 13.6 12.2 11.2  7.7  4.8  8.8   14
1964  6.2  5.7  6.2  8.4 11.8 12.8 14.6 14.3 13.6  9.7  8.3  5.3  9.7   14
1965  4.0  4.1  6.3  8.4 10.9 13.3 13.5 14.1 11.5 11.3  5.5  5.6  9.0   14
1966  5.0  6.8  7.4  7.6 10.6 13.9 14.4 14.1 13.9  9.2  5.8  6.7  9.6   14
1967  5.6  5.8  6.7  8.7  9.1 13.4 14.8 14.2 12.8  9.7  6.5  6.1  9.5   14
1968  6.2  3.2  6.6  7.7  9.4 13.6 14.2 15.1 13.2 12.5  8.0  5.4  9.6   14
1969  5.7  2.4  5.0  7.9 10.4 13.1 15.3 14.9 13.3 13.0  5.5  5.6  9.3   14
1970  5.2  4.2  5.4  7.2 11.9 15.1 14.1 14.6 13.4 11.0  7.7  5.4  9.6   14
1971  6.0  6.2  6.2  7.9 10.6 12.2 15.4 14.6 14.5 12.2  7.6  7.7 10.1   14
1972  4.7  5.5  6.2  8.4  9.8 11.0 14.7 13.7 11.9 11.1  6.6  7.1  9.2   14
1973  6.5  5.7  6.8  7.6 10.6 13.6 14.5 15.2 13.5 10.2  7.9  6.2  9.9   14
1974  6.9  6.0  6.2  8.7 10.3 12.8 14.1 14.0 11.1  8.4  6.5  8.3  9.4   14
1975  6.8  6.7  5.6  8.4 10.1 13.8 15.8 16.0 12.2 11.1  7.6  6.3 10.0   14
1976  6.8  6.0  6.6  8.4 10.5 14.8 15.9 16.3 12.9  9.5  6.8  3.5  9.8   14
1977  3.8  5.6  7.5  7.5 10.4 12.2 15.4 14.8 12.7 11.8  6.0  7.5  9.6   14
1978  4.5  4.3  6.7  7.2 11.3 12.6 14.1 14.3 13.8 12.1  9.2  5.8  9.7   15
1979  2.7  3.6  4.9  7.3  8.8 13.0 15.1 13.9 12.7 11.1  7.9  5.9  8.9   15
1980  4.3  6.4  5.6  8.8 10.9 12.8 13.8 14.9 13.8  9.3  7.4  6.8  9.6   15
1981  6.8  5.3  8.1  8.6 10.5 12.7 14.2 15.7 13.8  7.9  8.6  3.6  9.6   15
1982  5.3  6.5  6.5  9.0 10.7 13.9 15.5 14.6 13.0 10.2  7.4  5.5  9.8   15
1983  7.0  3.9  7.5  6.2  9.6 13.2 17.3 16.6 13.2 10.4  8.8  7.7 10.1   15
1984  4.3  6.1  5.5  9.0 10.0 13.6 15.8 16.3 12.9 10.6  6.8  6.5  9.8   15
1985  2.6  5.3  5.7  8.8 10.2 12.2 14.5 13.1 14.0 11.0  5.2  7.0  9.1   15
1986  4.9  1.7  5.9  5.9  9.9 13.4 14.4 12.3 11.5 10.7  7.9  6.4  8.7   15
1987  4.1  5.2  5.7  9.5 10.3 12.2 15.2 15.0 12.6  8.9  7.5  7.3  9.5   15
1988  5.6  5.3  7.3  8.9 10.9 14.3 13.6 13.9 12.5 10.4  7.2  8.6  9.9   15
1989  7.7  6.5  7.1  6.6 11.9 13.4 17.1 15.3 13.1 11.6  7.7  5.5 10.3   15
1990  7.0  6.8  8.6  7.9 12.4 12.8 15.7 15.9 12.5 11.4  7.3  5.2 10.3   15
1991  4.4  3.9  7.8  8.1 11.4 12.0 15.7 15.8 14.1  9.7  7.2  7.0  9.8   12
1992  5.8  6.8  7.8  8.3 12.1 14.6 15.2 13.6 11.6  8.0  7.8  5.2  9.7   12
1993  6.6  7.0  7.0  9.4 10.4 13.5 14.3 13.8 12.1  8.1  6.6  6.1  9.6   13
1994  5.7  4.9  7.3  7.6 10.1 12.7 14.9 14.2 12.1 10.6 10.1  7.2  9.8   13
1995  5.5  6.6  5.9  8.9 10.7 14.0 16.7 17.9 13.1 12.5  8.5  4.8 10.4   12
1996  6.5  4.5  5.8  8.8  9.0 13.4 15.1 14.8 13.9 11.3  6.6  4.9  9.5   12
1997  4.8  6.8  8.3  9.8 11.3 13.0 15.4 16.4 13.8 11.3  8.9  7.0 10.6   12
1998  6.1  8.2  8.5  7.6 12.0 13.1 14.5 15.2 14.1 10.9  7.8  6.8 10.4   12
1999  6.0  6.6  7.4  9.3 12.1 12.5 16.1 15.3 14.1 10.9  8.2  5.6 10.3   12
2000  5.7  6.8  7.8  7.3 11.3 13.6 15.3 15.5 13.7  9.8  6.7  5.9 10.0   12
2001  4.9  5.5  6.2  8.0 11.9 13.2 15.1 15.1 13.7 12.7  9.2  6.0 10.1    8
2002  7.9  7.3  8.0  9.0 11.1 12.8 14.3 15.2 13.9 10.4  9.2  7.0 10.5    8
2003  6.0  6.2  8.1 10.0 10.9 14.1 15.7 16.4 14.1 10.2  8.9  6.8 10.6    8
2004  6.6  6.1  7.4  9.1 11.3 14.4 14.4 15.8 14.2  9.8  9.4  7.7 10.5    8
2005  7.4  5.8  8.2  8.8 10.6 14.5 15.5 15.5 14.2 12.0  7.8  7.0 10.6    8
2006  6.4  6.0  6.3  8.6 11.1 14.6 16.8 15.4 15.2 12.5  8.6  7.6 10.8    8
2007  7.2  6.6  7.4 10.9 11.5 14.0 14.6 14.9 13.6 12.4  9.4  7.6 10.8    8
2008  7.0  6.8  6.7  8.2 12.9 11.7 15.1 15.2 11.2  9.8  8.0  5.8  9.9    8
2009  5.5  5.9  7.7  9.2 11.1 14.3 15.0 15.0 13.2 11.9  8.1  4.4 10.1    7
2010  3.2  3.4  6.0  8.9 10.7 14.6 14.7 14.3 13.9 10.8  6.1  3.0  9.1    7
2011  4.4  7.2  6.9 11.0 11.4 12.1 14.1 13.7 13.8 11.8 10.3  6.8 10.3    7
2012  7.3  7.7  9.0  6.8-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0  7.7    7
AA    5.5  5.6  6.7  8.3 10.8 13.3 14.9 14.8 13.1 10.5  7.5  6.1  9.8
Ad    5.5  5.7  6.6  8.3 10.8 13.4 15.0 14.8 13.0 10.3  7.4  6.1  9.7
 
For Country Code 621
 
From input file ./data/v3.mean

Western Samoa

In some ways I find this set more interesting. There is a fair amount of ‘squirm’ though it, and to a first visual, it looks like a bit more cooling in the past, a bit more warming in the present. Now that data end in 1994 in both cases, and it is always just ONE thermometer; so this is simply re-writing the past. Why? Is it justified? How many other places are like this? What is the impact?

Thermometer Records, Average of Monthly Data and Yearly Average
by Year Across Month, with a count of thermometer records in that year
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
YEAR  JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN JULY  AUG SEPT  OCT  NOV  DEC  YR COUNT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
1890 25.4 25.6 25.7 25.2 25.2 25.0 23.9 24.7 25.9 25.7 25.6 26.0 25.3    1
1891 26.1 25.6 25.8 25.5 25.1 24.9 23.9 24.7 24.9 25.8 25.6 25.7 25.3    1
1892 25.3 25.8 26.1 25.7 24.8 25.1 24.4 25.1 24.7 25.4 24.9 25.3 25.2    1
1893 24.9 24.9 25.5 24.4 24.1 25.3 24.5 24.7 24.7 24.8 25.1 25.5 24.9    1
1894 25.4 25.2 25.4 25.9 25.0 25.1 24.2 25.3 25.5 26.0 25.4 25.7 25.3    1
1895 25.4 24.6 25.5 25.7 26.0 25.1 24.8 24.9 24.6 25.2 25.1 26.2 25.3    1
1896 25.5 25.7 25.6 25.4 25.7 24.5 23.2 24.7 25.4 26.0 25.2 26.4 25.3    1
1897 26.2 25.9 26.6 26.3 25.5 25.9 25.2 25.8 25.2 25.8 25.6 26.6 25.9    1
1898 25.6 25.5 25.4 25.9 25.5 25.4 26.1 25.6 25.9 25.8 25.5 26.3 25.7    1
1899 25.5 25.8 25.9 26.2 25.6 24.9 25.4 25.3 26.1 26.0 26.3 26.3 25.8    1
1900 26.8 26.7 26.4 26.3 25.3 24.9 24.9 25.7 26.1 26.5 26.2 26.4 26.0    1
1901 26.8 26.3 26.4 26.9 26.5 25.5 25.7 25.3 25.8 25.7 26.3 26.8 26.2    1
1902 26.4 26.7 26.6 26.3 26.4 25.4 25.6 25.2 25.5 26.1 26.8 27.0 26.2    1
1903 25.6 26.3 26.8 26.2 26.1 26.1 25.3 25.8 25.3 25.9 25.7 25.9 25.9    1
1904 25.2 25.6 25.6 25.6 25.7 25.5 24.8 25.0 25.4 26.2 26.5 26.8 25.7    1
1905 26.4 26.8 26.5 26.1 25.5 25.0 24.9 24.8 25.1 25.9 25.9 26.0 25.7    1
1906 27.3 26.9 26.9 26.8 26.1 25.6 25.2 25.6 25.9 26.0 25.8 26.3 26.2    1
1907 26.0 26.2 25.8 25.8 25.4 24.3 25.3 24.6 25.4 26.2 25.8 26.2 25.6    1
1908 26.0 25.9 25.9 26.0 25.9 24.1 24.5 25.9 25.0 25.8 25.7 26.3 25.6    1
1909 25.3 25.7 25.9 25.2 25.3 25.4 24.7 24.2 25.6 25.9 25.7 25.7 25.4    1
1910 25.8 25.8 25.6 25.7 25.6 24.9 25.4 25.8 25.7 25.4 25.8 26.0 25.6    1
1911 26.0 26.8 26.2 26.3 25.8 25.7 25.2 26.1 25.8 26.4 26.4 27.7 26.2    1
1912 27.9 27.1 27.3 26.7 26.6 26.0 25.6 25.9 26.1 26.3 26.6 26.9 26.6    1
1913 26.6 26.2 26.9 26.7 26.2 26.4 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.1 26.5 26.5 26.4    1
1914 26.9 27.5 27.2 27.1 27.4 26.6 25.5 26.1 26.1 26.4 26.3 26.8 26.7    1
1915 26.8 26.6 27.1 26.6 26.1 25.7 24.5 25.3 26.0 26.3 25.8 26.0 26.1    1
1916 26.1 26.1 26.0 25.7 25.5 25.4 25.6 26.1 25.7 25.8 25.6 26.0 25.8    1
1917 25.5 25.5 25.1 25.0 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.0 25.4 24.9 25.5 25.2 25.2    1
1918 25.6 25.5 25.8 25.5 26.0 26.1 25.1 25.4 25.7 26.4 26.7 26.6 25.9    1
1919 26.3 26.9 27.0 26.9 26.3 25.9 25.8 25.7 26.9 27.1 27.3 27.5 26.6    1
1920 27.5 26.9 26.8 26.9 26.9 25.9 26.4 25.8 26.9 26.1 26.4 26.5 26.6    1
1921 26.6 26.9 26.8 26.3 25.5 25.5 25.7 26.3 26.1 26.6 26.6 26.3 26.3    1
1922 26.8 26.4 26.9 27.2 26.5 26.6 25.4 26.4 26.3 26.0 26.1 26.3 26.4    1
1923 27.2 26.8 26.5 26.4 26.3 25.5 25.7 25.6 25.6 25.7 25.6 26.1 26.1    1
1924 26.4 26.4 27.0 26.3 26.9 26.5 26.0 26.2 26.0 26.9 26.2 26.1 26.4    1
1925 26.4 26.6 26.2 26.7 25.6 25.8 25.4 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.5 26.4 26.2    1
1926 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.5 26.8 26.5 26.0 26.4 26.6 26.3 26.5 26.6 26.6    1
1927 26.5 26.2 26.6 26.7 26.8 26.7 26.4 26.8 26.6 26.7 26.9 26.9 26.6    1
1928 26.9 27.2 27.3 27.0 26.4 25.7 25.3 26.1 26.3 26.4 26.4 27.1 26.5    1
1929 26.7 26.4 26.4 27.1 26.5 26.4 25.8 25.9 25.9 26.6 26.9 27.0 26.5    1
1930 27.6 26.7 27.0 26.6 26.9 25.9 25.7 25.8 25.9 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.5    1
1931 26.8 26.8 26.9 26.5 26.3 25.6 25.8 26.0 26.1 25.9 26.1 25.9 26.2    1
1932 26.6 26.5 26.5 26.2 27.0 25.7 26.3 26.0 25.9 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.4    1
1933 26.4 26.5 26.0 26.2 26.5 26.1 25.2 25.5 25.5 25.8 26.0 25.5 25.9    1
1934 26.3 26.3 25.9 25.9 26.1 26.0 25.8 25.6 25.9 26.0 26.3 26.3 26.0    1
1935 26.0 26.7 26.6 26.4 26.1 26.0 26.2 25.7 26.4 27.1 26.5 26.2 26.3    1
1936 26.7 26.8 26.5 26.9 26.6 25.8 25.8 25.1 25.7 26.2 26.0 26.4 26.2    1
1937 26.8 26.8 26.3 26.7 26.1 26.0 26.1 26.0 25.8 26.3 26.5 26.5 26.3    1
1938 26.8 26.3 26.2 26.1 25.9 26.1 26.5 26.0 26.1 26.1 25.5 26.4 26.2    1
1939 25.7 26.3 25.9 26.1 26.1 25.5 25.6 26.1 25.6 26.3 26.7 26.3 26.0    1
1940 27.1 27.2 27.1 27.0 26.9 26.4 25.1 25.8 26.2 26.3 26.5 26.7 26.5    1
1941 27.1 27.3 27.0 27.7 27.2 26.9 25.8 26.2 26.1 26.2 26.9 27.1 26.8    1
1942 27.4 27.3 26.9 26.4 26.7 26.7 25.6 26.2 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.5    1
1943 26.8 26.5 26.6 26.7 26.5 25.8 25.6 26.0 26.1 26.4 26.8 26.4 26.4    1
1944 26.7 26.3 26.9 26.7 26.6 26.3 25.7 26.1 26.4 26.0 26.1 26.6 26.4    1
1945 26.7 26.7 26.9 26.7 25.9 26.0 26.1 25.9 26.0 26.4 26.2 27.0 26.4    1
1946 26.4 26.4 26.8 27.0 26.5 26.5 25.4 26.3 26.2 26.7 26.9 26.8 26.5    1
1947 27.2 27.3 27.0 27.2 26.8 26.5 26.8 26.2 26.7 26.4 26.4 26.5 26.8    1
1948 27.0 26.5 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.7 25.8 25.9 26.1 26.4 26.6 26.3 26.5    1
1949 26.9 26.7 26.6 27.6 26.7 26.4 25.8 26.4 26.8 26.2 26.7 26.1 26.6    1
1950 26.4 26.3 25.9 26.7 26.1 26.1 25.9 26.1 25.9 26.5 26.7 26.1 26.2    1
1951 26.5 27.0 27.1 27.4 26.8 26.6 25.4 25.6 26.1 26.1 26.7 27.2 26.5    1
1952 27.4 27.3 27.3 26.7 27.1 27.1 26.5 26.2 26.3 26.0 26.8 27.2 26.8    1
1953 27.4 27.2 27.7 27.8 26.7 26.7 26.2 25.4 25.6 26.8 26.7 27.1 26.8    1
1954 27.1 27.1 26.5 26.9 26.9 26.3 26.1 26.2 26.7 26.3 26.0 26.7 26.6    1
1955 26.7 26.7 26.0 26.6 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.1 25.9 26.3 26.1 26.1 26.3    1
1956 26.1 25.8 26.7 26.7 26.4 25.9 25.5 26.1 25.9 26.3 26.4 26.4 26.2    1
1957 26.6 26.7 26.6 26.9 26.8 26.7 25.6 25.8 26.4 26.4 27.1 26.8 26.5    1
1958 27.3 27.2 27.4 27.8 26.9 26.1 25.7 26.1 26.1 26.7 26.8 26.7 26.7    1
1959 27.1 27.4 27.4 27.7 27.5 26.8 26.7 26.3 26.2 26.8 26.8 26.7 26.9    1
1960 26.8 26.7 26.9 27.6 27.1 26.4 26.3 26.5 26.3 26.4 27.1 27.1 26.8    1
1961 27.2 26.9 26.1 27.0 26.9 26.2 26.1 26.1 26.4 25.8 26.4 26.8 26.5    1
1962 26.7 26.8 27.0 27.1 26.7 26.2 26.2 25.8 26.3 26.2 26.4 26.4 26.5    1
1963 26.7 27.1 26.6 26.8 26.8 26.0 26.4 26.3 26.1 26.7 26.8 26.9 26.6    1
1964 27.2 27.4 27.3 27.3 26.4 26.3 25.8 26.1 25.9 26.4 26.4 26.3 26.6    1
1965 26.5 26.3 26.8 26.6 26.6 25.9 25.7 25.8 26.3 26.0 26.4 26.8 26.3    1
1966 27.3 26.8 27.2 27.0 27.0 26.3 25.9 25.8 25.9 26.4 26.7 26.6 26.6    1
1967 26.7 26.4 26.9 26.6 26.4 26.1 25.6 25.3 26.4 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.2    1
1968 26.9 26.6 26.4 26.0 26.2 26.3 25.8 25.3 26.0 26.4 26.5 27.2 26.3    1
1969 27.4 27.3 27.6 27.2 26.4 26.5 25.9 25.7 25.7 26.9 27.3 27.1 26.7    1
1970 27.3 27.5 26.9 27.1 27.4 27.0 26.2 25.9 25.8 26.4 26.4 25.9 26.6    1
1971 26.5 26.6 26.5 26.6 26.5 26.0 25.7 25.6 25.6 26.4 26.5 26.7 26.3    1
1972 26.2 26.6 26.6 27.2 26.7 26.9 25.9 26.1 26.4 26.8 26.5 27.2 26.6    1
1973 27.0 27.7 27.9 27.4 27.0 26.3 26.1 25.6 26.3 25.8 25.9 26.1 26.6    1
1974 26.4 25.8 26.0 26.2 25.9 25.7 25.7 25.3 25.7 25.8 25.9 26.2 25.9    1
1975 26.4 26.5 26.9 26.6 26.5 26.0 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3 26.2 26.2 26.3    1
1976 26.0 26.2 26.7 26.8 26.4 26.2 25.8 25.7 25.7 26.9 27.0 26.7 26.3    1
1977 27.0 27.3 26.7 27.0 26.5 26.2 25.7 25.7 26.1 26.8 27.0 27.2 26.6    1
1978 26.9 27.4 26.7 26.9 26.9 26.5 25.9 26.1 26.3 26.6 26.4 27.1 26.6    1
1979 27.2 27.2 27.1 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2 26.2 26.8 26.8 26.8 26.7 26.8    1
1980 27.2 27.6 27.6 27.5 26.8 26.8 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.6 27.1 27.2 27.0    1
1981 27.4 27.2 27.0-99.0-99.0-99.0 25.5 26.5 26.7 26.7 27.0 27.1 26.8    1
1982 27.0 26.7 27.9 27.7 27.3 26.8 26.6 26.3 26.4 27.0 26.8 26.8 26.9    1
1983 27.5 28.4 27.7 27.0 27.3 26.7 26.0 25.6 26.7 27.1 27.2 27.1 27.0    1
1984 26.9 27.3 27.3 27.5 27.3 26.7 25.9 26.0 26.3 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.8    1
1985 26.8 27.2 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.6 26.1 26.5 26.4 26.8 26.9 27.5 26.9    1
1986 27.1 27.2 27.4 27.2 26.9 26.7 26.1 25.8 26.6 26.7 27.2 27.5 26.9    1
1987 27.3 27.3 27.6 27.0 26.6 25.9 25.5 25.7 25.9 26.8 27.3 27.6 26.7    1
1988 27.6 27.9 27.9 27.3 27.5 26.7 26.3 26.3 26.6 26.8 26.5 26.7 27.0    1
1989 26.5 26.5 26.9 26.8 26.6 26.6 25.8 26.0 26.5 26.9 26.6 26.7 26.5    1
1990 26.9 27.2 27.3 26.8 27.2 27.0 26.4 26.3 26.9 27.6 27.4 27.4 27.0    1
1991 27.3 27.1 27.4 27.4 25.8 26.8 26.4 26.3 26.2-99.0 27.1-99.0 26.8    1
1992-99.0 27.1 27.0 27.2 27.0 26.5 26.5 26.5 26.7 27.1 26.6 27.1 26.8    1
1993 27.2 26.9 26.8 27.2 27.0-99.0-99.0 26.3 26.4-99.0-99.0-99.0 26.8    1
1994 27.6-99.0 27.5 27.1 26.8-99.0 25.2 25.4-99.0 26.5-99.0-99.0 26.6    1
AA   26.6 26.6 26.7 26.6 26.4 26.0 25.7 25.8 26.0 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.3
Ad   26.6 26.6 26.7 26.6 26.4 26.0 25.7 25.8 26.0 26.3 26.4 26.6 26.3
 
For Country Code 541
 
From input file ./data/v3.mean

New Zealand

Picks up some data from prior to 1880 back to 1964.

Fair amount of ‘squirm’ in the early years, but not a lot of change to the totals.

About 1946, things really start warming …. !958 is interesting as the thermometer count does not change, but the total goes from 12.6 to 12.9 C. That’s 3/10 C in what is supposed to be a stable set of thermometers and a small grid area. 2007 goes from 13.0 C to 13.6 C on the same thermometer count. Now that’s Global Warming! ;-)

Thermometer Records, Average of Monthly Data and Yearly Average
by Year Across Month, with a count of thermometer records in that year
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
YEAR  JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN JULY  AUG SEPT  OCT  NOV  DEC  YR COUNT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
1864 17.2 17.7 15.1 15.0 11.2  8.6  9.3  8.9 11.3 12.7 14.3 17.2 13.2    4
1865 17.8 18.2 16.5 13.9 10.6  9.1  7.7  8.1 10.2 10.8 13.6 15.2 12.6    4
1866 17.0 17.5 14.9 12.7 10.8  8.8  8.0  9.3 11.3 13.2 15.1 16.3 12.9    5
1867 18.0 17.7 15.5 14.2 10.8  8.0  9.2  8.4 10.6 12.1 12.6 15.9 12.8    5
1868 15.5 15.3 14.7 13.1 10.3  7.8  7.7  7.2  9.5 11.2 13.5 14.5 11.7    5
1869 16.1 16.6 14.8 13.0  9.7  8.5  7.0  8.7 10.7 12.0 13.6 16.9 12.3    5
1870 17.1 16.9 14.4 11.8 10.3  9.6  7.7  7.8  9.9 12.7 14.7 13.7 12.2    5
1871 17.0 15.8 15.3 12.7 10.3  8.2  8.1  8.5  9.3 11.8 12.9 15.0 12.1    5
1872 17.8 17.1 15.4 13.7 11.5  8.3  7.9  7.6 10.6 11.6 14.6 17.9 12.8    5
1873 16.1 16.1 15.6 12.5 11.5  9.5  7.3  9.1  9.6 12.4 13.6 16.3 12.5    5
1874 17.1 16.4 15.6 12.9 10.0  7.7  7.1  8.7  9.4 11.0 13.7 15.8 12.1    5
1875 17.1 16.9 15.3 14.4 10.7  8.6  8.1  7.8  9.4 11.5 12.3 16.3 12.4    5
1876 17.1 17.4 15.9 13.4 11.0  8.2  7.2  8.4 10.1 13.7 14.7 16.2 12.8    5
1877 16.9 16.6 15.2 12.3  9.4  8.6  6.8  8.6  9.8 11.8 13.9 15.5 12.1    5
1878 14.4 14.8 14.6 13.6  9.4  8.4  7.3  7.2 11.2 11.8 13.4 15.8 11.8    6
1879 16.0 14.8 15.2 12.1 11.7  7.9  7.0  7.8 11.0 11.9 13.1 15.2 12.0    6
1880 16.6 17.4 15.7 14.0 11.4  8.4  8.3  8.5 11.1 11.6 14.4 14.9 12.7    6
1881 15.4 17.0 15.6 14.2 11.8  9.9  9.2  9.2 11.3 11.8 13.1 14.9 12.8    4
1882 16.2 15.2 16.1 13.9 11.1 10.0  8.7  8.4 11.0 11.0 12.9 15.9 12.5    4
1883 17.2 17.6 15.9 12.5 11.4  9.4  8.3  9.0  9.5 11.1 12.1 14.2 12.3    4
1884 14.1 14.8 14.2 12.3  9.9  9.0  8.2  9.2 10.2 11.1 12.2 14.1 11.6    4
1885 15.1 16.3 15.4 12.8 10.6  9.9  8.4  8.8  9.8 11.2 13.1 14.1 12.1    4
1886 16.0 17.1 15.4 13.9 11.6  8.2  7.7  8.1  9.6 11.4 13.6 14.5 12.3    4
1887 18.7 17.3 16.3 14.1 10.7  9.3  8.2  7.9  9.5 11.2 12.1 14.6 12.5    4
1888 16.1 14.9 14.5 12.0 10.4  9.1  8.1  9.4  9.8 11.7 11.4 13.2 11.7    4
1889 17.5 16.4 14.7 12.9 11.0  8.0  7.7  8.4 10.9 12.3 13.1 15.8 12.4    4
1890 15.4 16.5 15.0 14.1 10.5  9.4  8.2  8.8 10.9 12.6 13.0 15.8 12.5    4
1891 15.6 16.0 14.9 13.0 10.2  7.4  7.5  8.7 10.9 13.1 14.3 17.2 12.4    4
1892 16.6 16.8 16.5 14.2 11.3  9.9  8.5  9.9 10.2 11.7 15.1 14.9 13.0    4
1893 16.5 16.0 13.6 13.7 12.2  8.9  8.8 10.7 11.0 13.4 15.1 14.9 12.9    4
1894 17.4 17.1 15.1 12.4 10.9  9.5  8.4  8.9  9.7 12.6 13.6 17.1 12.7    5
1895 17.7 16.8 14.5 11.7 10.7  8.8  6.4  7.8 10.6 11.6 12.8 16.5 12.2    5
1896 16.4 15.9 15.0 13.0 10.5  9.2  8.6  8.3 10.6 10.7 12.1 15.8 12.2    5
1897 17.2 16.3 15.1 13.0 10.8  8.8  8.2  8.2 10.4 10.9 12.9 14.1 12.2    5
1898 16.0 14.4 13.7 13.0 10.7  8.9  8.0  8.3 10.3 11.4 13.3 16.1 12.0    5
1899 16.5 15.6 15.2 13.7 10.2  9.1  6.7  7.9 10.6 11.5 12.9 14.5 12.0    5
1900 15.4 15.1 15.5 14.1 10.9  8.4  8.1  9.8 10.6 12.4 12.6 14.5 12.3    5
1901 15.7 15.6 14.0 13.3 10.7 10.0  6.9  8.0 10.6 12.0 12.4 14.3 12.0    5
1902 16.2 16.1 15.7 12.8  9.8  9.0  7.4  8.2  8.2 10.2 11.6 12.9 11.5    5
1903 14.3 15.5 14.4 12.5 10.6  7.8  8.0  7.6  9.7 13.1 14.6 16.2 12.0    5
1904 16.5 16.4 15.2 12.9 10.7  9.0  7.8  8.1 10.2 11.3 12.3 13.4 12.0    5
1905 14.1 16.2 15.2 12.1 10.6  7.9  7.5  8.3  9.8 11.1 13.0 14.4 11.7    6
1906 14.6 14.5 13.5 11.9 10.1  8.6  8.0  8.4  9.7 11.9 12.7 15.1 11.6    6
1907 17.0 17.1 16.2 14.1 10.2  7.9  7.6  8.2  9.4 10.8 13.8 16.5 12.4    6
1908 16.7 15.9 15.3 12.8 11.1  9.2  6.8  7.5 10.7 11.6 13.1 14.1 12.1    6
1909 14.9 16.7 15.9 12.6 11.5  9.2  8.3  9.3 10.2 12.0 13.8 16.6 12.6    6
1910 16.6 17.6 15.8 12.3 11.4  9.4  7.4  8.9 10.2 12.5 14.2 15.7 12.7    6
1911 16.0 15.9 16.5 15.1 11.0  8.9  7.6  8.7  9.9 11.3 12.3 12.7 12.2    6
1912 14.9 14.2 13.4 12.6  9.5  8.0  7.7  7.9 10.7 11.6 12.6 15.0 11.5    6
1913 16.2 15.4 14.9 11.5  8.3  7.5  8.2  8.6 10.9 12.1 13.1 14.0 11.7    6
1914 17.1 16.2 15.3 13.2  9.4  7.9  7.6  8.1  9.9 11.6 12.3 13.1 11.8    6
1915 16.2 15.3 13.6 11.9 10.6  8.3  8.9  9.0 11.8 13.3 13.3 15.5 12.3    5
1916 16.4 18.0 17.5 14.0 11.4 10.6  8.6  8.8 10.8 12.1 14.7 17.0 13.3    5
1917 17.9 16.3 15.9 14.4 11.9  9.3  9.3  8.6 11.4 12.7 14.5 15.1 13.1    5
1918 16.9 17.9 15.8 13.5 10.5  8.7  6.2  8.3 10.0 12.1 12.5 13.6 12.2    5
1919 14.8 16.6 14.9 12.1  9.7  8.4  8.1  8.8  9.2 11.8 12.0 14.0 11.7    5
1920 14.8 16.8 15.2 13.3  9.1  8.5  8.3  7.6  9.6 12.2 12.6 15.2 11.9    5
1921 16.1 16.0 14.8 12.3 11.1  8.8  7.8  8.5 10.7 12.2 13.3 14.8 12.2    5
1922 16.6 17.1 14.3 13.1 10.7  7.6  7.5  8.9 10.3 13.3 13.2 15.4 12.3    5
1923 16.8 15.1 14.2 11.4 10.8  7.9  7.0  7.7 10.8 12.1 15.4 16.8 12.2    5
1924 17.4 17.8 16.4 15.8 10.8  8.8  7.7  9.1 11.6 13.1 14.5 15.0 13.2    5
1925 16.9 16.1 14.4 12.7 10.1  7.6  8.2  8.2  9.3 12.1 12.5 15.0 11.9    5
1926 16.6 14.8 14.3 14.3 10.6  8.3  8.1  8.6 10.3 12.0 12.7 14.6 12.1    5
1927 16.9 17.2 15.2 12.0 10.0  7.1  8.0  8.0 10.3 11.9 12.4 14.5 12.0    5
1928 16.7 17.9 16.6 15.0 11.3  8.4  8.7  8.8 10.2 12.1 13.4 15.1 12.8    5
1929 16.5 16.2 15.4 12.9  9.8  9.3  7.4  8.1  9.2 12.0 13.5 14.4 12.1    5
1930 15.3 15.9 14.7 12.9 10.0  7.6  6.5  8.6  8.9 10.4 11.8 14.6 11.4    5
1931 15.4 14.6 14.2 12.6 10.1  7.5  7.4  7.8  8.5 12.1 14.2 15.2 11.6    5
1932 15.1 15.7 15.0 13.3  9.8  8.0  6.6  7.1  9.8 12.4 13.8 14.9 11.8    5
1933 17.1 17.0 15.9 12.8  9.9  7.1  7.6  8.3 10.4 11.9 13.1 15.8 12.2    5
1934 15.1 16.4 14.6 13.7  9.8  8.1  7.0  8.8 10.5 12.0 15.1 18.4 12.5    5
1935 18.6 18.4 16.4 14.2  9.8  8.1  7.3  8.6  8.7 12.2 12.0 17.2 12.6    5
1936 16.8 16.1 13.4 13.9  9.3  8.2  7.1  9.4  9.8 12.9 13.4 14.2 12.1    5
1937 15.4 14.3 14.9 12.3 10.4  7.0  7.0  9.0  9.9 11.3 14.0 16.4 11.8    5
1938 17.6 18.9 17.2 15.7 11.6  8.4  6.6  8.6 10.3 12.4 14.1 14.2 13.0    5
1939 14.2 15.1 15.2 13.1 10.6  9.3  6.0  7.8  9.8 11.1 13.4 15.8 11.8    6
1940 16.9 14.9 15.0 12.3 10.7  9.1  8.5  9.9 11.1 12.2 13.3 16.3 12.5    7
1941 17.6 17.1 16.7 12.8 11.6  8.3  8.2  8.1 10.2 10.8 12.7 14.2 12.4    8
1942 14.9 15.6 14.6 13.3 11.2  9.5  8.7  9.1 10.7 12.2 13.2 14.2 12.3    8
1943 15.9 16.0 14.4 13.4 10.1  8.0  8.0  7.9 10.0 11.3 13.7 15.6 12.0    8
1944 16.3 16.5 15.4 13.9 10.5  8.4  8.5  8.4  9.6 11.5 12.8 14.0 12.1    8
1945 16.5 16.8 14.9 13.0 10.1  7.8  7.5  9.7 10.1 10.3 13.3 13.3 11.9    8
1946 15.2 16.1 15.1 13.2 11.5  9.3  9.0  9.0 10.3 11.1 11.0 13.6 12.0    8
1947 14.8 15.5 15.2 12.9 11.0  8.9  8.5  9.3 10.5 11.7 13.4 15.3 12.2    8
1948 16.7 16.0 15.5 13.2 11.2  8.8  9.1  9.1 10.6 11.5 12.9 14.7 12.4    8
1949 15.0 16.8 14.4 12.0 10.7  9.1  9.1  8.7 10.0 12.6 13.2 14.7 12.2    8
1950 16.3 15.6 14.1 12.2 11.8  8.4  8.2  8.3 10.2 12.1 13.4 14.6 12.1    9
1951 16.3 16.5 16.0 13.9 10.3  7.9  8.6  8.4 10.4 12.1 13.8 14.4 12.4   14
1952 15.4 17.0 14.9 13.5 10.9  9.2  7.8  9.6 10.8 12.5 13.7 15.7 12.6   14
1953 15.9 15.9 15.4 13.2 11.1  9.4  8.4  9.4 10.6 11.7 14.6 15.8 12.6   15
1954 16.5 17.6 16.6 12.9 11.8  9.9  8.1  8.7 10.0 11.7 14.9 15.7 12.9   15
1955 16.8 18.0 16.2 14.5 12.3  8.5  7.8  9.6 10.9 13.0 14.0 16.0 13.1   15
1956 18.7 17.0 15.0 15.9 11.6 10.0  8.5  9.0 10.8 12.8 14.3 15.9 13.3   15
1957 17.1 18.1 16.9 14.4 11.7  9.0  7.8  9.5 10.7 11.6 13.7 14.7 12.9   15
1958 15.9 18.0 16.6 12.5 11.2  9.0  7.6  9.2 10.1 13.4 14.6 16.5 12.9   15
1959 17.6 16.9 16.0 13.7  9.3  8.3  8.3  9.1 11.0 11.4 13.9 15.9 12.6   15
1960 17.0 16.8 14.9 13.2 11.6  9.5  8.6  8.8 10.7 13.0 13.8 14.6 12.7   15
1961 16.5 16.8 15.0 13.6 10.9  9.0  8.3  8.7 10.1 13.6 14.2 16.7 12.8   16
1962 18.1 17.1 16.2 13.9 12.9 10.2  9.3  9.6 10.8 13.7 14.2 15.7 13.5   18
1963 17.2 17.9 15.3 12.6 10.9  8.6  8.3  8.2 10.6 12.4 12.9 14.7 12.5   18
1964 15.8 16.8 15.6 13.1 10.5  8.8  9.1  9.0 10.4 12.1 13.6 16.3 12.6   18
1965 17.7 15.9 15.3 13.0 10.3  8.7  7.2  8.4 10.4 11.0 13.2 15.2 12.2   18
1966 16.5 18.4 16.4 13.7 10.2  8.6  8.0  8.2 10.3 11.9 13.3 15.1 12.5   18
1967 16.3 16.4 16.2 13.6 11.0  8.3  8.0 10.5 10.0 12.8 13.6 15.7 12.7   18
1968 16.4 16.8 17.7 13.7 11.8  9.3  7.8  9.6  9.9 11.7 13.2 14.7 12.7   18
1969 16.5 16.2 15.5 12.8 10.9  8.0  7.4  9.1 11.8 11.2 14.4 17.0 12.6   18
1970 18.1 16.9 16.7 14.2 10.5  9.6  9.1  9.9 11.1 12.6 14.3 16.4 13.3   18
1971 17.8 18.2 16.1 14.2 12.2 11.1  8.4 10.3 11.1 12.6 14.1 16.3 13.5   16
1972 16.4 16.2 16.9 14.0 11.1  7.9  8.9  8.3 11.4 12.6 15.2 14.7 12.8   16
1973 16.9 17.3 16.2 13.7 11.6  9.9  8.2  9.6 11.5 12.7 14.7 16.2 13.2   16
1974 16.5 18.8 15.1 14.4 11.6  9.4  9.5  9.1 11.5 12.5 14.9 17.2 13.4   16
1975 18.5 18.0 17.2 14.5 12.2  8.7  8.5  9.9 10.9 12.6 13.5 15.0 13.3   16
1976 16.8 15.1 16.0 13.9 10.9  8.5  8.6  9.8 10.2 11.6 12.8 15.7 12.5   16
1977 16.1 16.9 16.2 13.9 10.0  9.2  8.9  9.4  9.2 11.8 13.1 15.1 12.5   16
1978 17.5 17.9 16.5 15.5 11.7  9.0  9.2  9.8 10.7 11.5 14.1 15.9 13.3   16
1979 17.5 17.0 17.0 13.9 11.1 10.1  9.1  9.2 11.1 12.4 14.6 16.0 13.2   16
1980 17.0 17.2 15.3 13.3 11.5  9.6  8.5  9.4 11.4 13.1 13.1 15.6 12.9   16
1981 17.7 17.7 17.2 14.8 11.3 10.6  9.0  8.8 10.3 12.0 13.9 16.8 13.3   13
1982 17.0 17.6 15.8 12.7 11.8  9.0  8.4  9.5 10.5 11.0 14.2 14.6 12.7   12
1983 15.7 16.4 15.5 13.6 11.2  9.5  8.2  9.7 10.9 12.6 13.7 14.9 12.7   12
1984 15.6 17.2 16.8 13.8 11.1 10.3  9.7 10.4 10.9 11.9 14.8 16.9 13.3   12
1985 18.0 17.3 15.1 14.0 11.3  9.8  9.7  8.5 10.5 11.0 13.4 15.7 12.9   12
1986 17.7 17.5 15.8 14.3 11.6  9.4  7.5  8.0  9.7 12.1 13.2 15.5 12.7   11
1987 17.8 16.4 15.1 13.8 11.9  9.8  9.0 10.4 10.9 12.5 14.3 15.8 13.1   12
1988 16.6 17.7 15.3 13.0 11.4 10.2  9.9  9.9 11.9 12.6 14.6 16.6 13.3   12
1989 17.7 17.0 16.3 14.0 11.8 10.1  8.5 10.1 11.9 12.9 14.2 14.9 13.3   12
1990 16.5 17.8 16.3 13.6 11.5  9.0  8.8  9.5  9.8 12.2 13.9 16.3 12.9   10
1991 17.4 17.4 16.0 13.3 11.2  8.6  8.2 10.6 11.3 12.1 12.1 15.0 12.8   11
1992 17.6 17.2 15.2 12.2 10.3  8.9  9.4  8.7 10.0 11.6 14.3 15.1 12.5   12
1993 16.0 16.0 14.7 12.9 11.3  9.9  8.6  8.6  9.6 12.4 12.5 14.6 12.3   12
1994 17.3 17.2 14.8 13.5 11.5  8.6  8.1  9.7 10.3 11.7 14.2 16.0 12.7   11
1995 17.3 18.2 16.8 15.9 12.2  9.7  8.3  9.3 11.1 12.6 14.1 17.3 13.5   10
1996 18.1 18.0 15.8 15.1 11.6  9.0  8.9  9.2 12.2 13.1 12.9 15.3 13.3   11
1997 15.8 17.2 15.3 12.8 11.8  9.1  8.2  9.1  9.9 12.1 14.5 15.4 12.6   11
1998 17.2 18.9 16.9 14.3 11.8  9.9 10.2  9.2 11.3 13.3 14.0 16.1 13.6   11
1999 18.2 17.6 17.1 13.9 12.5  9.9  9.2  9.2 11.1 13.1 14.5 14.9 13.4   11
2000 16.6 16.9 15.6 14.0 12.1 10.1 10.1  9.3 11.0 12.6 12.5 16.7 13.1   11
2001 14.8 16.3 15.4 13.6 12.0  9.6  8.2  9.9 12.0 13.1 14.9 17.6 13.1    9
2002 17.9 16.9 16.9 14.3 12.3 11.2  9.6  9.6 11.2 11.0 12.9 15.2 13.2    9
2003 17.0 17.2 17.2 14.2 12.7 11.4  8.6  9.8 11.6 12.3 13.6 16.4 13.5    8
2004 18.3 17.2 15.4 13.1 12.6 10.9  8.9  9.1 10.6 12.7 14.5 14.3 13.1    8
2005 17.5 18.9 17.0 13.8 12.9  9.6 10.2 10.5 11.9 12.8 14.4 17.7 13.9    8
2006 17.9 17.8 15.6 15.7 12.2  8.9  9.5  9.9 12.1 12.6 14.2 14.4 13.4    8
2007 17.3 17.4 17.3 12.9 13.4  9.8  9.7 10.4 11.6 12.5 13.8 16.7 13.6    8
2008 18.2 17.9 16.1 14.8 11.1 10.5  9.7  9.7 11.8 12.5 14.5 16.7 13.6    8
2009 18.2 18.0 15.2 14.4 10.8  9.1  8.8 11.1 11.4 11.9 14.3 15.8 13.2    8
2010 17.4 19.3 17.4 15.7 13.6 11.1 10.0 11.6 12.6 13.0 15.1 18.1 14.6    9
2011 19.0 19.2 17.6 15.3 14.1 12.6 10.9 10.6 11.5 14.1 14.9 17.2 14.7    8
2012 17.8 17.9 17.0 15.9-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0-99.0 17.1    6
AA   16.7 16.9 15.7 13.6 11.1  9.1  8.4  9.1 10.6 12.1 13.7 15.5 12.7
Ad   16.6 16.7 15.5 13.5 11.0  9.0  8.2  8.9 10.5 12.1 13.6 15.4 12.6
 
For Country Code 507
 
From input file ./data/v3.mean

In Conclusion

Well, it’s pretty clear to me that there’s something here to “Dig Here!” about.

It varies by location, and most strongly with station count changes; but some places warm without thermometer count changes.

So I’ll be ‘moving on’ to the dT/dt code to figure out exactly what and where is doing the ‘cooking’ of the globe out of the changes in the data.

Between now and then, I’ll be making some similar “A/B” reports on different countries or regions to look for any places with lots of change (as they are most likely to be ‘fruitful’…)

If anything really interesting pops up, I’ll post the data for folks to play with.

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About E.M.Smith

A technical managerial sort interested in things from Stonehenge to computer science. My present "hot buttons' are the mythology of Climate Change and ancient metrology; but things change...
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8 Responses to GHCN v3 First Data

  1. Peter O'Neill says:

    “There is also a new ‘flag’ of some sort just after each temperature data item. I’ve not found out what it is, yet, but suspect it tell something about how that data item was created.”

    See ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/ghcn/v3/README for explanation of the three flags, and other details. I’ve written a small utility to compare different versions of the GHCN v3 monthly data files, showing the data lines for years where any monthly value differs by more than a specified value, or where a missing month in one file is matched by a value present in the other file. This can be filtered to show differences only for a specified country or range of countries. Useful for example to see how the February 17 version I mentioned differs from other versions as regards Irish and UK stations. E-mail me if you would find it useful.

  2. E.M.Smith says:

    @Peter O’Neill:

    Always interested in seeing how other folks are looking at things and learning from their code.

    Email address is in words in the “donate” box at the right side.

  3. Radovan Korda says:

    Are you sure that it is New Zealand temperatures look 10C too high

  4. Seems like you put about the Samoan data up twice.

  5. adolfogiurfa says:

    The GW scam was just one of the many tactics for attaining “global governance”. Things work like this: You go after temperatures to show these are “massaged”, while they are massaging you in many other ways, through the many UN´s organizations and NGO´s. It would seem that they won already the game, however Big Programmer has decided to take a antibiotic which kills these pesky bugs which are causing him a diarrhea. Mayans were studying the primeval code to understand Big Programmer´s will so we could know in advance when silly bugs´virus creation to meddle into Big Programmer´s software was going to be deleted.

  6. E.M.Smith says:

    It says 541 at the bottom, so my “cut / paste” had the “cut” fail and the prior clipboard got pasted in. Going too fast and with dinner prep calling, didn’t do my QA “check everything twice”. (Why I hate being “pushed” and “taking interrupts”…)

    I’m getting the correct New Zealand table to paste in…

    Sorry about that.

  7. E.M.Smith says:

    OK, it’s fixed now.

    Every so often, for reasons I’ve not sorted out ( maybe the PC, maybe the mouse, maybe my fat thumb hitting the wrong mouse key or a finger touching the pad that thinks that is a mouse click… I hate “tapping”…) a “copy” part of a “copy / paste” doesn’t pick up the data that I’ve marked and thought I had said to copy.

    Generally I’ve gotten in the habit of reading everything twice over to be sure, and each report is ‘tagged’ with the country code at the bottom in the original production of it (so things can’t be ambiguous later and for QA checks to catch things, like now); but every so often someone is hollering that it’s time for dinner or why am I not getting ready for “whatever”, and I’ll think “all I need to do is paste this in and be done.”.

    It works out well often enough that I’ll “take the risk” sometimes. Then a “failure to copy” comes along and the “paste” is not what it was thought to be….

    The “good news” is that the description was correct. I was doing an A/B of New Zealand. Just the “paste” was bogus.

    OK, fixed now, and thanks to folks for spotting it.

  8. Pingback: GHCN v3 Portugal and Spain | Musings from the Chiefio

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