Here it is, mid August, and there is still ice on Hudson bay. Not a lot, yet there it is.
How unusual is this?
Is a fairly complete paper that goes over the history of Hudson Bay ice, and how it acts. It says:
By early August (Fig. 4) the only ice of significance typically lies off the south-west shore from east of Churchill to the Belchers. Concentrations there average about 3/10, even at that late date. Elsewhere in the Bay, concentrations most years are zero, although ice occasionally survives nearly the whole summer in places where wind flow, air temperature and cloudiness anomalies retard melting.
Thus ice may be reported at any time of year from any part of the Bay. By early August, however, most points have seen their last ice of the season. In James Bay, all but the northernmost parts usually have lost all ice by mid-July.
The line of zero ice concentration, which appears on August and later maps, shows regions where ice never was observed over the nine years for the month in question. It does not imply, of course, that ice is always absent from these regions in that month.
In short: Ice any time of the year in Hudson Bay is possible, but August is usually clear by now. Yet we have ice.
So what does this tell me? That this is NOT “the hottest ever”, and that in fact it is an ordinary run of the mill slightly cold year. The “excess heat” isn’t.
Just on the north side of Hudson Bay is Foxe Basin It’s the whiter patch at the top of Hudson bay in the top image. Here’s a close up:
It is my opinion, given what I remember of weather in the last half century and given that paper and given various other bits of experience and readings: that this is is absolutely normal. Not too hot. Not too cold. Well inside normal.
And there is nothing wrong with that at all. Nor is there anything wrong with the world climate. It does wander back and forth over several cycle lengths, from the annual season cycle to the 11 year solar cycle to the 56 to 60 year lunar tidal cycle to the 80 to 200 year solar cycles to the 1500 year lunar major cycle. Some times it is colder, like the 1940s, sometime warmer, like the 1930s and 1990s (gee… about 60 year apart, rather like that lunar tidal cycle..) and then cooler again, like, well, now.