It Looks Like It Is Proven To Work
Some time ago a couple of different Cold Fusion / LENR folks said they would be going commercial about now. E-Cat has supposedly completed the acceptance trial, but the results are only reported by “insiders” informally; no open inspection of the “product”. The other folks have been mum more or less too.
Yet I ran into an interesting link to a link to a paper… It looks like published sciency stuff and it is from M.I.T. (Yes, that MIT). Now it is remotely possible that this is a grand hoax of some sort. But I don’t think so. There’s been a lot of various coverage of the MIT folks and their Cold Fusion / LENR class and experiments.
So, for me, until proven otherwise, this is acceptable “proof” that there is in fact a path to cold fusion / LENR / LANR energy production. This, then, gives weight to the “other folks” despite their occasionally less than stellar reputations, that they just might have something too.
Here’s the link:
I note in passing that they use Zirconium Oxide with Palladium and that both of those first two atoms have very small “barns” of nuclear cross section so tend not to absorb neutrons. In another page about a different process from different folks, they used hydrogen with a Ni / Ag alloy. Seems that a Nickle Silver alloy will absorb many times more hydrogen than straight Ni. I would also speculate that the insertion of misc. odd atoms into the crystal structure causes various strain and active regions with different ranges of energies and likely more chance of the ‘sweet spot’ that causes things to happen. Some time back I’d speculated that maybe using too pure of a material in too pure of an environment was why P&F reproductions often failed. One site claims a NiCu alloy works, and even that a stack of US Nickles can be made to “go” (they are a NiCu alloy). Since it looks like some kind of driving energy is needed to set the crystal lattice moving and cause activity, and that can be light, EM fields, and more including high temperatures, it is also possible that being near an airport and / or speed trap could allow in some radar to stimulate some to work, others not so much.
In any case, these folks use a “nanostructured” material, and external excitation to get a “reproducible” and “controllable” reaction. Looks to me like anyone ought to be able to reproduce it based on the existence of patents and published papers. The “Basics” are just the right crystal type, plenty of H or D loading, and an excitation (field, electrons, heat, something…) to get things vibrating.
Dry, preloaded NANOR®-type CF/LANR component
Mitchell R. Swartz 1,*, Gayle M. Verner 1, Jeffrey W. Tolleson 1 and Peter L. Hagelstein 2
1 JET Energy, Inc., Wellesley, MA 02481, USA
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA02139, USA
Dry, preloaded NANOR®-type technology makes LANR reactions more accessible. These self-contained, two terminal nanocomposite ZrO2–PdNiD CF/LANR components have at their core ZrO2–PdD nanostructured material. The excess energy gain compared to driving input energy is up to 20 times the input; characterized by reasonable reproducibility and controllability. The CF/LANR/CF activation is separated from its loading. Although small in size, the LANR excess power density is more than 19,500 W/kg of nanostructured material, with zero carbon footprint.
Keywords: Cold fusion, excess energy, nanomaterial, preloading.
Aqueous cold fusion augmented by nanomaterials
LATTICE assisted nuclear reactions [LANR, also known as cold fusion (CF) and LENR] use hydrogen-loaded alloys to generate heat and other products1–3 by enabling deuterium fusion to form an excited de novo helium nucleus at near-room temperature under difficult-to achieve conditions. The ‘excess heat’ observed is thought due to energy derived from coherent de-excitation of molecule D2 to ground state 4He, with the large 24 MeV quantum fractionated into optical phonon vibrations near 65 meV. Usually, in the past, successful LANR required engineering of multiple factors including loading, adequate confinement time, loading rate and prehistory (with careful avoidance of contamination and materials and operational protocols which quench performance). Today, dry, preloaded NANOR®-type technology makes LANR more accessible.
Nanostructured materials are important in LANR and are also produced in codeposition structures, observed producing non-thermal near-infrared emissions when active, and exhibit typical CF/LANR excess heat correlated with the size of the Pd–D nanostructures2. These
self-contained, two-terminal nanocomposite ZrO2–PdNiD CF/LANR components feature new composition, structure and superior handling properties enabling portability and transportability and are capable of significant reproducible energy gain4,5 (Figure 1). The NANOR® components are smaller than 2 cm in length, and with 30–200 mg of active LANR material. Their ‘core’ contains active ZrO2–PdD nanostructured material6, loaded with additional D to loadings (ratio of D to Pd) of more than 130%, but shallow traps are not ruled out because palladium nanoparticles often have a vacancy in their centre7 and vacancies within them. Bulk PdD is one of the most studied metal deuterides, with deuterium in the octahedral sites at high D/Pd loading near unity. Nano-scale Pd occurs in the Fm3m space group, while bulk Pd is FCC; the miscibility gap for nano PdD is narrower than for bulk PdD; and the solubility is a bit lower for the nano PdD. In some crystals, Pd2+ ion is observed and is paramagnetic.
The NANOR®-type preloaded LANR component openly demonstrated energy gain (COP) which ranged generally from 5 to 16 (e.g. 14.1 (~1412%) while the MIT IAP course was ongoing5). It had a much higher energy gain compared to the 2003 demonstration unit (energy gain 14.1 in 2012 vs ~2.7 in 2003). The input powers were below 100 mW4,5, because the set-up was designed to run at low power input levels to increase safety for its multi month-long stay at MIT. There were daily calibrations using input current and voltage standards. In this case, low power was used for several reasons, including to facilitate the rapid time constant and because this is for demonstration and teaching purposes. More recently, these NANOR®-type components have been driven up to the 2 W level.
Conclusion – utility and performance of NANOR®-type CF/LANR components
Dry, preloaded ZrO2–PdNiD NANOR®-type CF/LANR components are capable of significant energy gain over long periods of time with reasonable reproducibility and controllability. The CF/LANR/CF activation is separated from its loading. One such preloaded NANOR®-type CF/LANR component (a series VI type) was openly demonstrated at MIT, during and after, the IAP course on 30 and 31 January
2012. It demonstrated reproducible and controllable energy gain which ranged generally from 5 to 16+ (energy gain of ~14.1 during the course demonstration; higher later) with energy and incremental power gains confirmed by three methods and time integration. It had an improved controlling/driving system which provided a reliable low power, high-efficiency, energy production component for demonstration and teaching purposes of size smaller than a centimetre, with an active site weight of less than 50 mg. Although small in size, this is actually not de minimus because the LANR excess power density is more than 19,500 W/kg of nanostructured material4,5.
The carbon footprint is zero, and the next generation will have higher power and ultimately produce electricity. Possible future of clean, high performance energy production components It is clear that these preloaded nanostructured NANOR®-type CF/LANR quantum electronic components are useful. They have shown significant improvement over theirs predecessors, including the highly successful metamaterial PHUSOR®-type of LANR component. This can be used as an effective, clean, highly efficient, energy production system, apparatus and process. Could these dry, preloaded, ready-to-be-activated, NANOR®-type LANR components/systems/materials, including in preassembled IC components and systems, be the future of clean and efficient energy production?
1. Swartz, M. Survey of the observed excess energy and emissions in
lattice assisted nuclear reactions. J. Sci. Exp., 2009, 23(4), 419–436.
2. Swartz, M., LANR nanostructures and metamaterials driven at their
optimal operating point. J. Condens. Matter Nucl. Sci., 2012, 6, 149;
3. Miles, M. et al., Correlation of excess power and helium production
during D2O and H2O electrolysis using palladium cathodes. J. Electroanal.
Chem., 1993, 346, 99–117.
4. Swartz, M., Verner, G. and Tolleson, J., Energy gain from preloaded
ZrO2–PdNi–D nanostructured CF/LANR quantum electronic components.
J. Condens. Matter Nucl. Sci., 2014, 13, 528; www.
5. Swartz, M. and Hagelstein, P. L., Demonstration of energy gain
from a preloaded ZrO2–PdD nanostructured CF/LANR quantum
electronic component at MIT. J. Condens. Matter Nucl. Sci., 2014,
13, 516; http://www.iscmns.org/CMNS/JCMNS-Vol13.pdf
6. Arata, Y. and Zhang, Y. C., Observation of anomalous heat release
and helium-4 production from highly deuterated palladium fine particles.
Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 1999, 38, L774-L776, Part 2, No. 7A.
7. Allard, L. F., Voelkl, E., Kalakkad, D. S. and Datye, A. K., Electron
holography reveals the internal structure of palladium nanoparticles.
J. Mater. Sci., 1994, 29(21), 5612–5614.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. We thank Alex Frank, Alan Weinberg, Allen Swartz, Larry Forsley, Frank Gordon, Brian Ahern, Jeff Driscoll, Linda Hammond, Charles Entenmann and Andrew Meulenberg for their suggestions. This effort was supported by JET Energy Inc. and New Energy Foundation. NANOR® and PHUSOR® are registered trademarks of JET Energy, Incorporated. NANOR®-technology and PHUSOR®-technology are protected by US Patents D596724, D413659 and several other patents pending
Jet Energy have a home page at a hosting site:
From their “tech” tab:
NANOR�-type Clean Energy Technology depends on lattice assisted nuclear reactions (LANR) which use hydrogen-loaded alloys to create heat. LANR offers new hope for energy production. There is now a visible bright horizon for energy production using the extraction of deuterium from water, with the formation of a very tiny amount of helium, which is already natural in the atmosphere. The reaction is extremely efficient with no CO or CO2 emission and no radioactivity generated. The NANOR�-type LANR Clean Energy Device is thus safer, more efficient, and cleaner than any other competing commercially available energy source.
The recent MIT demonstration of the JET NANOR� showed an energy gain of 1400 to 1600%+ output beyond input. Without JET’s LANR technologies, reproducible lattice assisted nuclear reactions LANR systems are extremely difficult to achieve. Those who have been successful usually have demonstrated energy gains of much lower magnitude (e.g. 50% to 200% at the recent ICCF-17).
Lattice assisted nuclear reactions [LANR] use hydrogen-loaded alloys to create heat and other products. LANR will be an important source of energy for this planet, for artificial internal organs, and for interstellar probes. LANR is an energy multiplier because the energy density of LANR reactions is ten million times that of gasoline. LANR will play a critical role in all future technologies with potential revolutionary applications to all energy issues – robotics, transportation, electricity production, space travel.
With LANR we also get to transfer the use of petrochemicals and gasoline into making useful pharmaceuticals and plastics and perhaps even nanomaterials. In the case of LANR, there can rarely occur, in a lattice under special conditions, the fusion of two heavy hydrogen nuclei to form a helium nucleus at near room temperature. The product helium-4, or simply helium, is de novo meaning that this helium-4 is created new and fresh, generated directly from stwo, driven by more, deuterons physically located within the loaded palladium, nickel or one of their nanostructured materials. Most importantly, the product with LANR, helium, is environmentally safe and does not produce global contamination or warming.
And there is more. JET Energy is offering possible technology transfer through NRG Products operations licenses and CHERRY Technology(R)-type analytic licenses and, if when available, lease of sterling energy production products and accompanying technologies and equipment.
Building on more than two decades of careful science and engineering and diligent, steadfast work, JET Energy’s accomplishments include: Energy Gains to ~1600%, NANOR� technology preloading LANR the future, several types of codeposition, regarded by many to be the fastest LANR method, Proprietary metamaterial shapes [4-14 dB gain ], Optimum Operating Point technology [8-25 dB gain], Hyperdrive-TM technology, Empirical System Identification (ESID) control [~10 dB], Higher-power (High-Z) systems exceeding codeposition outputs, Dual ohmic controls, Time integration with waveform reconstruction and noise measurement, Control and exploitation of tardive thermal power for increased thermal output, LANR-driven motors, and Electric generating systems.
Today, JET Energy high quality quantum electronic devices, calorimetric equipment, unique driving systems, metamaterial shapes such as Phusor�-type LANR device, and the just demonstrated, preloaded NANOR-type LANR device enable revolutionary energy system: institutional research.
So looks like they are getting ready to sell stuff.
In Other News
Some while back these folks claim to have gotten a Rossi type cell to “go”.
Cold fusion reactor verified by third-party researchers, seems to have 1 million times the energy density of gasoline
By Sebastian Anthony on October 9, 2014
Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat — the device that purports to use cold fusion to generate massive amounts of cheap, green energy — has been verified by third-party researchers, according to a new 54-page report. The researchers observed a small E-Cat over 32 days, where it produced net energy of 1.5 megawatt-hours, or “far more than can be obtained from any known chemical sources in the small reactor volume.” The researchers were also allowed to analyze the fuel before and after the 32-day run, noting that the isotopes in the spent fuel could only have been obtained by “nuclear reactions” — a conclusion that boggles the researchers: “… It is of course very hard to comprehend how these fusion processes can take place in the fuel compound at low energies.”
This new report [PDF] on the E-Cat was carried out by six (reputable) researchers from Italy and Sweden. While the new E-Cat looks very different from previous iterations, the researchers say that it uses the same “hydrogen-loaded nickel” and additives (most notably lithium) as a fuel. The device’s inventor, Andrea Rossi, claims that the E-Cat uses cold fusion — low-energy nuclear reactions, LENR — to fuse nickel and hydrogen atoms into copper, releasing oodles of energy. The researchers, analyzing the fuel before and after the 32-day burn, note that there is an isotope shift from a “natural” mix of Nickel-58/Nickel-60 to almost entirely Nickel-62 — a reaction that, the researchers say, cannot occur without nuclear reactions (i.e. fusion). The researchers say there is just 1 gram of fuel inside the E-Cat.
But I’d like to see one running on open display somewhere… Still, it is a claim of a reproduction of the E-Cat.
Observation of abundant heat production from a reactor device and of isotopic changes in the fuel
Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Bo Höistad, Roland Pettersson and Lars Tegnér
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
New results are presented from an extended experimental investigation of anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube operating at high temperatures. The reactor, named E-Cat, is charged with a small amount of hydrogen-loaded nickel powder plus some additives, mainly Lithium. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils around the reactor tube. Measurements of the radiated power from the reactor were performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected during 32 days of running in March 2014. The reactor operating point was set to about 1260 ºC in the first half of the run, and at about 1400 °C in the second half. The measured energy balance between input and output heat yielded a COP factor of about 3.2 and 3.6 for the 1260 ºC and 1400 ºC runs, respectively. The total net energy obtained during the 32 days run was about 1.5 MWh. This amount of energy is far more than can be obtained from any known chemical sources in the small reactor volume.
A sample of the fuel was carefully examined with respect to its isotopic composition before the run and after the run, using several standard methods: XPS, EDS, SIMS, ICP-MS and ICP-AES. The isotope composition in Lithium and Nickel was found to agree with the natural composition before the run, while after the run it was found to have changed substantially. Nuclear reactions are therefore indicated to be present in the run process, which however is hard to reconcile with the fact that no radioactivity was detected outside the reactor during the run.
One researcher at one University might have it wrong. A dozen at a few places using different materials and getting results is hard to just ignore, especially when one of them is just trying to do a “verification” and has no monetary interest in selling the idea.
At this point it looks to me like the balance of evidence is for “it is real” and that ought to be used for long range planning until proven otherwise, but not a lot of money tossed at the idea until it is quite clearly confirmed and stated as such by “mainstream” outlets (or as soon as you can buy one and folks start doing this all over the place…)
Here’s a link to the Russian duplication of the E-Cat:
That more “independent” reproduction as Rossi was not around for it.
Parkhomov Updates Report with Some New Data, Images
[UPDATE: Video of Reactor Posted]
Posted on January 28, 2015 by Frank Acland • 51 Comments
Thanks to David Nygren for posting a link to an updated report by Alexander Parkhomov, expanding on his previous work. It’s in Russian, so non-Russian speakers will need to translate it.
There’s some more data in this report, along with some pictures. Here are the most interesting parts from my point of view. Parkhmov writes:
“The tables show results in the experiments. In addition to the experiments with reactors loaded a mixture of Ni + Li [AlH4], Carried out experiments with models of the reactor without fuel. In cases with models reactor, as well as with reactors with fuel a temperature below 1000 ° C, the ratio of the released heat to absorbed power close to 1.”
But above 1000 C it goes to positive COP: