The rector abbreviation is MCSFR Molten Chloride Salt Fast Reactor and the company is Elisium.
It can use “Spent” nuclear fuel from light water and other reactors (i.e. it uses the 40 years worth of “nuclear waste” as fuel) and does so in a very simple process that is NOT complicated like regular reprocessing. Basically, chop the fuel, react it with chlorine, separate out the non-reacted metal bits, and go.
A 1 page pdf seminar handout:
The company site tech page:
It is very efficient:
HIGH FUEL UTILIZATION
Using a liquid fuel and a fast neutron spectrum allows for the efficient utilization of almost all the nuclear fuel material leading to lower total fuel costs over the lifetime of the reactor. Elysium’s reactor burns over 95% of fuel, as opposed to 1-4% for thermal water reactors. Even after a reactor is decommissioned, the fuel can be reused in follow-on reactors.
It automatically load follows, and it is passively safe:
NEGATIVE COEFFICIENTS OF REACTIVITY
The Elysium reactor has clear negative coolant temperature and void coefficients of reactivity; reactor power will decrease as temperature increases or if bubbles form in the molten salt. This is fundamentally important to enable load following without operator intervention, to allow inherent passive reactor operations and safety response, and to simplify reactor control systems, thus increasing safety and reducing cost by eliminating human operator actions.
People pay you to take their “waste” as your fuel. Uses just about any nuclear fuel material:
CONSUMES NUCLEAR WASTE
Elysium’s design is a fast-spectrum reactor meaning the majority of fissions are caused by high-energy (fast) neutrons. This enables conversion of fertile isotopes into energy-producing fuel, efficiently using nuclear fuel, and closing the fuel cycle. In addition, this can enable the reactor to be fueled with spent nuclear fuel from water reactors. The Elysium MCSFR closes both the water reactor and its own fuel cycle.
I find it interesting that there is NO moderator used… That whole “fast neutron” thing…
Name: Molten Chloride Salt Fast Reactor
Reactor Type: Molten Salt Reactor
Neutron Spectrum: Fast
Fuel Form: Liquid
Salt Form: Chloride based Fuel Salt
Thermal Capacity: 110 – 2700 MWth (Flexible)
Electrical Capacity: 50 – 1200 MWe (Flexible)
Fuel Cycle: Closed
Designers: Elysium Industries Limited / Elysium Industries USA
A Ra-Ra General Audience article:
Elysium Molten Chloride Salt Fast Reactor will use existing technology for rapid approval
Brian Wang | July 20, 2018
The Elysium Molten Chloride Salt Fast Reactor (MCSFR) is state-of-the-art in its design. Elysium’s technology is unique as it can provide base-load and clean power while addressing the current issues in the nuclear power industry. Based on demonstrated technology in the 1960s, Elysium has adapted and improved the molten salt reactor design for commercial deployment. In addition, the Elysium reactor has the ability to consume spent nuclear fuel and weapons waste transforming it into useful energy.
The Elysium MCSFR will be built utilizing existing code-qualified materials and relies on natural processes. Elysium is simplifying engineering systems saving cost with natural techniques for passive operation and safety.
Everything that Elysium is choosing is to only use what is qualified and working at this time.
The design is barely critical at all times. The flow rate of material controls the power output.
One reactor vessel for all sizes of power plants and power levels.
The designer talking about it in 24 technical minutes:
This one looks like a “keeper” to me.