GHCN – Aussie Fair Go and Far Gone

Australian Climate Zones

Australian Climate Zones

Orginal Image

While the Rest of The World Marches South,

Aussie Thermometers March North

Who knew? The world has The March of the Thermometers South, but “Down Under” they just seem to do things the other way round. Here, we can see the “North March Under Down Thermometers”. (Though one is very much left to wonder “Why?”)…

It would be very interesting to plot the delta of latitude against the delta of “temperature” and see what the coefficient of correlation was. Apply that, scaled for the “world” march of the thermometers, to the global “warming” value… If we have a very very strong covariance that would be most interesting… (How come every little project spawns two medium sized ones?)

Pacific Basin -  Fine Without Australia

Pacific Basin - Fine Without Australia

Yet individual stations, such as this one, have startlingly flat “trends”:

Marble Bar Australia

Marble Bar Australia

This is a chart of Thermometer Records by Latitude. You can see the percentage of thermometers in each latitude drift north over time.

These are 5 degree latitude bands, starting at less than -45, then -45 to -40, etc. until we get to North of -15. (i.e. nearly at the equator or above). So the South Pole is to the Left of the screen, and the Equator is to the right. Values are the percentage of Australian thermometer records in that latitude band in that year.

[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$ cat AUSSIE.by.lat.publish 
Year        less45S   40S   35S   30S   25S   20S   15S   Nof15S
LAT pct: 1841   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1842   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1843   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1844   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1845   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1846   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1847   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1848   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1849   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1850   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1851   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1852   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1853   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1854   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1855   0.0   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1856   0.0   0.0   100   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1857   0.0   0.0  33.3  66.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1858   0.0   0.0  33.3  66.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1859   0.0   0.0  20.0  80.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1860   0.0   0.0  20.0  80.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1861   0.0   0.0  33.3  66.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1862   0.0   0.0  28.6  71.4   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1863   0.0   0.0  50.0  50.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1864   0.0   0.0  42.9  57.1   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1865   0.0   0.0  66.7  33.3   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1866   0.0   0.0  66.7  33.3   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1867   0.0   0.0  63.6  36.4   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1868   0.0   0.0  63.6  36.4   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1869   0.0   0.0  63.6  36.4   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1870   0.0   0.0  58.3  41.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1871   0.0   0.0  46.2  53.8   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1872   0.0   0.0  35.7  64.3   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1873   0.0   0.0  33.3  66.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1874   0.0   0.0  33.3  66.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1875   0.0   0.0  28.6  71.4   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1876   0.0   0.0  37.5  62.5   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1877   0.0   0.0  50.0  45.5   4.5   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1878   0.0   0.0  47.8  47.8   4.3   0.0   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1879   0.0   0.0  48.1  44.4   3.7   3.7   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1880   0.0   0.0  48.3  44.8   3.4   3.4   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1881   0.0   0.0  48.6  42.9   2.9   5.7   0.0   0.0  
LAT pct: 1882   0.0   2.9  48.6  37.1   2.9   5.7   0.0   2.9  
LAT pct: 1883   0.0   2.8  50.0  36.1   2.8   5.6   0.0   2.8  
LAT pct: 1884   0.0   2.8  50.0  36.1   2.8   5.6   0.0   2.8  
LAT pct: 1885   0.0   2.6  46.2  41.0   2.6   5.1   0.0   2.6  
LAT pct: 1886   0.0   2.6  47.4  39.5   2.6   5.3   0.0   2.6  
LAT pct: 1887   0.0   2.4  45.2  38.1   4.8   7.1   0.0   2.4  
LAT pct: 1888   0.0   2.1  38.3  34.0   4.3  17.0   2.1   2.1  
LAT pct: 1889   0.0   2.0  36.7  34.7   6.1  16.3   2.0   2.0  
LAT pct: 1890   0.0   2.1  37.5  35.4   4.2  16.7   2.1   2.1  
LAT pct: 1891   0.0   2.1  38.3  38.3   4.3  12.8   2.1   2.1  
LAT pct: 1892   0.0   2.0  36.7  36.7   4.1  16.3   2.0   2.0  
LAT pct: 1893   0.0   2.0  38.0  36.0   4.0  16.0   2.0   2.0  
LAT pct: 1894   0.0   1.9  35.2  37.0   7.4  14.8   1.9   1.9  
LAT pct: 1895   0.0   7.0  33.3  35.1   7.0  14.0   1.8   1.8  
LAT pct: 1896   0.0   6.9  34.5  34.5   6.9  13.8   1.7   1.7  
LAT pct: 1897   0.0   6.6  36.1  41.0   8.2   4.9   1.6   1.6  
LAT pct: 1898   0.0   5.8  36.2  37.7  10.1   5.8   2.9   1.4  
LAT pct: 1899   0.0   5.5  38.4  37.0   9.6   5.5   2.7   1.4  
LAT pct: 1900   0.0   6.4  35.9  38.5  10.3   5.1   2.6   1.3  
LAT pct: 1901   0.0   6.0  33.3  40.5  10.7   6.0   2.4   1.2  
LAT pct: 1902   0.0   5.7  32.2  42.5  10.3   5.7   2.3   1.1  
LAT pct: 1903   0.0   5.3  37.9  38.9   9.5   5.3   2.1   1.1  
LAT pct: 1904   0.0   5.3  37.9  38.9   9.5   5.3   2.1   1.1  
LAT pct: 1905   0.0   4.1  36.7  39.8  10.2   6.1   2.0   1.0  
LAT pct: 1906   0.0   5.0  37.0  39.0  10.0   6.0   2.0   1.0  
LAT pct: 1907   0.0   2.2  23.8  42.7  13.0   9.2   8.1   1.1  
LAT pct: 1908   0.0   3.1  21.6  38.7  14.9  10.3   9.8   1.5  
LAT pct: 1909   0.0   3.5  21.9  39.3  14.4  10.0   9.5   1.5  
LAT pct: 1910   0.0   3.3  22.2  39.6  14.6   9.9   9.0   1.4  
LAT pct: 1911   0.0   3.2  22.7  38.9  15.3   9.7   8.8   1.4  
LAT pct: 1912   0.0   3.2  22.6  39.8  14.9   9.0   9.0   1.4  
LAT pct: 1913   0.0   3.0  21.5  37.6  17.3  10.1   9.3   1.3  
LAT pct: 1914   0.0   2.9  22.3  37.6  16.9   9.9   9.1   1.2  
LAT pct: 1915   0.0   3.3  22.4  38.0  16.3   9.8   9.0   1.2  
LAT pct: 1916   0.0   3.7  21.2  38.0  17.1   9.8   9.0   1.2  
LAT pct: 1917   0.0   3.6  21.5  38.1  17.0   9.7   8.9   1.2  
LAT pct: 1918   0.0   3.2  22.6  37.9  16.9   9.7   8.5   1.2  
LAT pct: 1919   0.0   3.6  22.8  37.2  16.8   9.6   8.8   1.2  
LAT pct: 1920   0.0   3.2  22.6  37.5  16.9   9.7   8.9   1.2  
LAT pct: 1921   0.0   3.6  22.1  38.3  16.6   9.5   8.7   1.2  
LAT pct: 1922   0.0   3.6  22.7  39.0  15.5   9.2   8.8   1.2  
LAT pct: 1923   0.0   3.2  22.4  39.2  16.0   9.2   8.8   1.2  
LAT pct: 1924   0.0   4.0  21.8  39.3  15.5   9.5   8.7   1.2  
LAT pct: 1925   0.0   3.9  22.1  38.8  16.3   9.3   8.5   1.2  
LAT pct: 1926   0.0   3.9  21.2  39.8  15.4   9.3   9.3   1.2  
LAT pct: 1927   0.0   3.9  21.6  39.0  15.4   9.7   9.3   1.2  
LAT pct: 1928   0.0   3.9  21.2  39.2  15.7   9.4   9.4   1.2  
LAT pct: 1929   0.0   3.9  21.4  39.3  15.6   9.3   9.3   1.2  
LAT pct: 1930   0.0   3.9  21.6  39.2  15.7   9.4   9.4   0.8  
LAT pct: 1931   0.0   4.2  21.5  38.1  16.5   9.6   9.2   0.8  
LAT pct: 1932   0.0   3.8  22.2  37.9  16.9   9.6   8.8   0.8  
LAT pct: 1933   0.0   4.2  22.1  37.8  16.8   9.5   8.8   0.8  
LAT pct: 1934   0.0   4.2  22.1  37.8  16.8   9.9   8.4   0.8  
LAT pct: 1935   0.0   4.2  22.0  37.9  17.0   9.8   8.3   0.8  
LAT pct: 1936   0.0   4.8  21.6  37.5  17.1   9.7   8.6   0.7  
LAT pct: 1937   0.0   4.5  21.6  37.7  17.2   9.3   8.6   1.1  
LAT pct: 1938   0.0   4.6  20.8  35.9  19.4  10.6   8.1   0.7  
LAT pct: 1939   0.0   4.7  19.2  36.7  19.2  11.1   8.1   1.0  
LAT pct: 1940   0.0   4.7  19.3  35.9  20.0  10.5   8.5   1.0  
LAT pct: 1941   0.0   4.6  18.9  34.9  20.5  11.4   8.1   1.6  
LAT pct: 1942   0.0   4.5  19.2  34.6  20.5  11.5   8.0   1.6  
LAT pct: 1943   0.0   4.4  19.9  34.5  20.3  11.4   7.9   1.6  
LAT pct: 1944   0.0   4.7  19.7  34.5  20.1  11.3   8.2   1.6  
LAT pct: 1945   0.0   4.3  19.8  34.9  19.8  11.7   8.0   1.5  
LAT pct: 1946   0.0   4.3  19.3  35.6  19.6  11.7   8.0   1.5  
LAT pct: 1947   0.0   4.3  19.8  35.3  19.8  11.6   7.9   1.5  
LAT pct: 1948   0.6   4.2  19.3  35.0  19.6  11.8   7.9   1.5  
LAT pct: 1949   0.6   3.9  18.7  34.6  19.8  12.3   8.1   2.0  
LAT pct: 1950   0.8   4.1  19.2  34.7  19.2  12.2   7.6   2.2  
LAT pct: 1951   0.7   4.2  17.6  34.7  19.3  13.4   7.9   2.2  
LAT pct: 1952   0.7   4.6  18.0  34.5  19.0  13.1   7.8   2.2  
LAT pct: 1953   0.7   4.6  17.9  34.9  19.4  12.8   7.5   2.2  
LAT pct: 1954   0.7   4.6  17.9  34.5  19.8  12.8   7.5   2.2  
LAT pct: 1955   0.7   4.5  17.5  35.2  19.4  12.8   7.8   2.1  
LAT pct: 1956   0.7   4.5  17.3  35.0  19.9  13.0   7.6   2.1  
LAT pct: 1957   0.9   6.6  16.0  31.7  18.2  13.5  10.0   3.1  
LAT pct: 1958   0.9   6.2  15.9  31.5  18.1  14.3  10.0   3.1  
LAT pct: 1959   0.9   6.3  15.7  31.1  17.5  15.1   9.7   3.6  
LAT pct: 1960   0.9   6.3  15.7  31.4  17.2  15.1   9.7   3.6  
LAT pct: 1961   1.0   6.0  15.7  31.8  17.1  15.2   9.4   3.7  
LAT pct: 1962   0.9   6.4  17.5  32.4  16.3  14.2   9.0   3.3  
LAT pct: 1963   0.9   6.4  17.5  32.9  15.6  14.4   8.5   3.8  
LAT pct: 1964   0.9   6.4  17.4  32.9  16.0  14.4   8.7   3.3  
LAT pct: 1965   0.7   5.8  18.6  35.0  16.6  12.4   7.7   3.1  
LAT pct: 1966   0.7   5.6  18.9  34.6  15.9  13.1   7.6   3.7  
LAT pct: 1967   0.7   5.7  19.0  34.3  16.2  13.1   7.4   3.6  
LAT pct: 1968   0.7   5.5  18.7  34.3  16.4  12.9   7.5   4.0  
LAT pct: 1969   0.6   5.3  18.8  34.3  16.7  12.8   7.6   3.9  
LAT pct: 1970   0.6   5.4  19.1  34.4  16.7  12.5   7.7   3.6  
LAT pct: 1971   0.6   5.5  19.2  34.2  16.8  12.5   7.5   3.7  
LAT pct: 1972   0.6   5.3  19.3  34.0  17.2  12.4   7.6   3.6  
LAT pct: 1973   0.6   5.0  19.5  34.0  17.5  12.5   7.3   3.6  
LAT pct: 1974   0.6   4.8  19.6  34.1  17.6  12.5   7.5   3.3  
LAT pct: 1975   0.6   4.9  19.4  33.6  17.7  12.9   7.6   3.2  
LAT pct: 1976   0.7   5.2  18.5  33.1  17.7  13.1   8.0   3.6  
LAT pct: 1977   0.7   4.8  18.5  33.6  17.4  13.2   8.1   3.8  
LAT pct: 1978   0.7   4.8  18.5  33.8  17.3  13.2   8.1   3.8  
LAT pct: 1979   0.7   4.8  18.5  33.7  17.2  13.2   7.9   4.0  
LAT pct: 1980   0.7   4.9  18.2  33.3  17.2  13.3   8.2   4.1  
LAT pct: 1981   0.5   4.8  18.6  33.1  17.1  13.3   8.6   4.0  
LAT pct: 1982   0.6   5.0  18.8  34.0  16.7  12.6   8.4   3.9  
LAT pct: 1983   0.6   5.1  19.3  33.8  16.7  12.5   8.1   3.9  
LAT pct: 1984   0.6   5.2  19.3  34.1  16.9  12.4   7.8   3.9  
LAT pct: 1985   0.6   5.2  19.0  34.1  17.0  12.4   7.9   3.9  
LAT pct: 1986   0.7   5.0  18.4  34.3  16.6  13.0   8.0   4.0  
LAT pct: 1987   0.9   5.2  15.7  32.9  16.3  14.4   9.7   4.9  
LAT pct: 1988   0.9   5.7  16.3  31.9  15.8  14.5   9.7   5.2  
LAT pct: 1989   0.9   5.7  15.6  32.0  16.3  14.3   9.9   5.3  
LAT pct: 1990   0.7   5.2  17.2  33.9  16.5  13.7   8.4   4.3  
LAT pct: 1991   0.6   5.6  18.5  34.6  16.9  12.4   7.5   3.9  
LAT pct: 1992   0.6   5.9  18.9  34.8  17.1  11.8   6.9   3.9  
LAT pct: 1993   2.4   4.7  10.6  31.8  14.1  20.0  10.6   5.9  
LAT pct: 1994   2.4   4.9  11.0  32.9  14.6  18.3  11.0   4.9  
LAT pct: 1995   2.4   4.8  11.9  31.0  14.3  19.0  11.9   4.8  
LAT pct: 1996   2.4   4.8  11.9  33.3  11.9  19.0  11.9   4.8  
LAT pct: 1997   2.4   4.8  11.9  33.3  11.9  19.0  11.9   4.8  
LAT pct: 1998   2.4   4.8  11.9  33.3  11.9  19.0  11.9   4.8  
LAT pct: 1999   2.3   4.7  14.0  32.6  11.6  18.6  11.6   4.7  
LAT pct: 2000   2.3   4.5  11.4  34.1  11.4  20.5  11.4   4.5  
LAT pct: 2001   2.3   4.5  11.4  34.1  11.4  20.5  11.4   4.5  
LAT pct: 2002   2.2   4.4  13.3  33.3  11.1  20.0  11.1   4.4  
LAT pct: 2003   2.2   4.4  13.3  33.3  11.1  20.0  11.1   4.4  
LAT pct: 2004   2.2   4.4  13.3  33.3  11.1  20.0  11.1   4.4  
LAT pct: 2005   1.8   7.0  15.8  33.3  12.3  17.5   8.8   3.5  
LAT pct: 2006   1.8   7.0  15.8  33.3  12.3  17.5   8.8   3.5  
LAT pct: 2007   1.7   6.9  15.5  32.8  13.8  17.2   8.6   3.4  
LAT pct: 2008   1.5   6.2  16.9  30.8  13.8  18.5   9.2   3.1  
LAT pct: 2009   1.5   6.2  16.9  30.8  13.8  18.5   9.2   3.1  
[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$ 

So we can now answer what happened with that big thermometer deletion at the 1992 1993 boundary. The thermometers in some of the more “equator-ward” bands nearly double their percentages, while the “middle bands” and more “pole-ward” get winnowed.

Aye, Mates, I think I found yer Warming Prolem! You been leaving yer thermometers behind when you visit up North on holiday! Pack out yer empties AND yer thermometers. Crikey, you don’t want the whole world thinkin’ it’s you blokes warmin’ the place up!

Aussie Stations – Fair Go and Far Gone

In STEP2 of GIStemp, it tosses a bunch of records. It does not like a thermometer record if it is shorter than 20 years. Sounds reasonable, until you realize that a new “modification flag” can be assigned for relatively unimportant reasons (change of equipment, change of how the record is adjusted for siting changes, etc.) so unless a site never changes, it is like to have a change of “modification flag” and start having short records.

Under:

http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/10/22/thermometer-langoliers-lunch-2005-vs-2008/

“Ripper” had asked what Australian stations were kept, and which were tossed. This is the answer. Of 586 records in the v2.inv “station inventory” file (not including the Australian stations in Antarctica) there are 501 that make it into the “used” list and 86 that are “tossed”. The astute reader will notice that that adds up to 587, so one station is both “kept” and “tossed”. That happens when a record in v2.inv (that has no “modification flag”) has two records with modificaton flags. One too short for keeping. Rather like in “The Curious Case Of Calcutta”.

In this case, it is “LAUNCESTON AI” that has a “5” mod flag record that gets tossed, while the “0” mod flag record is kept.

You can see the two graphs here:

First, as “combined”

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/gistemp/gistemp_station.py?id=501949680005&data_set=1&num_neighbors=1

Then, as “homogenized” and uncombined

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/gistemp/gistemp_station.py?id=501949680000&data_set=2&num_neighbors=1

So who is Far Gone?

These are the station records that are dropped. The format is the 9 digit StationID (5 of Station, 3 of substation, 1 of modificaton flag), the Station Name, then 3 letters (the first one will always be a blank for Australia, it is the USA Brightness Index for USA stations only), the Rural Urban Suburban flag, the single letter GHCN brightness flag (ABC) the 3 digit country code, then the invarient text “ dropped”.

[chiefio@tubularbells STEP2]$ cat AUSSIE.DROPPED 
 941020000  TROUGHTON ISL                  RA501 dropped
 941170000  MANGO FARM                     RA501 dropped
 941190000  GARDEN POINT                   RA501 dropped
 941370000  JABIRU AIRPOR                  RB501 dropped
 941400000  MILINGIMBI AW                  RA501 dropped
 941440000  ROPER BAR STO                  RA501 dropped
 942010010  DERBY (KOOLAN ISLAND)          RA501 dropped
 942200000  TIMBER CREEK                   RA501 dropped
 942290000  WAVE HILL                      RA501 dropped
 942360000  ELLIOTT                        RA501 dropped
 942480000  CENTRE ISLAND                  RA501 dropped
 942560000  MORNINGTON IS                  RA501 dropped
 943190000  TELFER                         RC501 dropped
 943200000  BALGO HILLS                    RA501 dropped
 943740003  ROCKHAMPTON A                  UC501 dropped
 943870000  BUNDABERG AER                  SB501 dropped
 944010000  KALBARRI                       RA501 dropped
 944040000  PAYNES FIND                    RA501 dropped
 944140000  ENEABBA                        RA501 dropped
 944400000  YEELIRRIE                      RA501 dropped
 944440010  MENZIES (DIEMALS)              RA501 dropped
 944610010  WARBURTON RANGE AUSTRALIA      RA501 dropped
 944660000  KULGERA                        RA501 dropped
 945420010  DALBY POST OFFICE              RA501 dropped
 945690010  CALOUNDRA SIGNAL STATION       RC501 dropped
 945750000  ARCHERFIELD                    UC501 dropped
 945810010  BEAUDESERT COMPOSITE           RA501 dropped
 945820000  MURWILLUMBAH                   RA501 dropped
 945950000  CAPE BYRON                     RB501 dropped
 946110000  MOORA                          RB501 dropped
 946250010  PINGELLY (PINGELLY POST OFFICE RA501 dropped
 946740000  LEIGH CREEK A                  RA501 dropped
 946750000  ADELAIDE                       UC501 dropped
 946750010  ADELAIDE REGIONAL OFFICE       UC501 dropped
 946760000  ARKAROOLA                      RA501 dropped
 946790010  BUNDALEER FOREST RESERVE       RA501 dropped
 946890010  STEPHENS CREEK RESERVOIR       RA501 dropped
 947120010  BOOROWA POST OFFICE     WAS 07 RB501 dropped
 947160000  GOULBURN                       SC501 dropped
 947260010  BLAYNEY POST OFFICE            RB501 dropped
 947270010  GULGONG POST OFFICE            RA501 dropped
 947470020  MITTAGONG POOL                 RB501 dropped
 947710000  CESSNOCK                       SB501 dropped
 947760010  NELSON BAY MONTEVIDEO PARADE   RC501 dropped
 948280000  PORTLAND AIRP                  RA501 dropped
 948290000  HAMILTON AIRP                  SA501 dropped
 948320000  WARRNAMBOOL A                  SA501 dropped
 948420010  APOLLO BAY POST OFFICE         RA501 dropped
 948450010  FORREST STATE FOREST           RA501 dropped
 948450020  COLAC (ELLIMINYT)              RA501 dropped
 948490010  AVOCA POST OFFICE              RA501 dropped
 948620010  YARRAWONGA POST OFFICE         RC501 dropped
 948690010  WANGANELLA (ZARA)              RA501 dropped
 948800010  WARRAGUL POST OFFICE           RC501 dropped
 948800020  NOOJEE                         RA501 dropped
 948800030  WOODS POINT                    RA501 dropped
 948950010  RUTHERGLEN POST OFFICE         RA501 dropped
 948960000  ALBURY AIRPOR                  SC501 dropped
 948990000  CORRYONG                       RA501 dropped
 949120000  BAIRNSDALE AI                  RA501 dropped
 949150000  PERISHER VALL                  RA501 dropped
 949220010  GUDGENBY                       RA501 dropped
 949230000  COOMA                          RA501 dropped
 949260020  CANBERRA CITY                  UC501 dropped
 949680005  LAUNCESTON AI                  SB501 dropped
 949690010  DELORAINE (ASHLEY HOME)        RA501 dropped
 949780010  PALMERS LOOKOUT                RA501 dropped
 953100000  PARABURDOO                     RB501 dropped
 954000000  THREE RIVERS                   RA501 dropped
 955120020  GOODOOGA POST OFFICE           RA501 dropped
 955330000  TEXAS (POST O                  RA501 dropped
 956140000  KARNET                         RA501 dropped
 956180000  WAGIN                          RA501 dropped
 956270000  HYDEN                          RA501 dropped
 956450000  MELALEUCA                      RA501 dropped
 956600000  ANDAMOOKA                      RA501 dropped
 956640000  WHYALLA AIRPO                  SB501 dropped
 957580010  SCONE SOIL CONSERVATION        RA501 dropped
 957730010  WALCHA POST OFFICE             RB501 dropped
 957740010  NARARA AGRIC RESEARCH STATION  RC501 dropped
 958170010  PENOLA STATE FOREST RESERVE    RA501 dropped
 958710010  DOOKIE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE    RA501 dropped
 959080000  THREDBO                        RA501 dropped
 959600010  DEVONPORT EAST                 SC501 dropped
 959790030  MOUNT WELLINGTON AWS           RB501 dropped
 959890010  BICHENO COMPOSITE              RA501 dropped

And Who had a Fair Go?

Yes, once again we get “yet another file format”. What? You expected any two files to have the same layout? Silly person ;-)

This one has the name of the “latitude band” file that the record was placed into. So “Ts.CHCN.CL.”{band number} will start every line. I have deleted that invariant text so the printout will fit more nicely on the page. These lines will begin with a digit. There are 6 latitude bands of 30 degrees each in STEP2. Australia looks to be in 4 and 5. Next is the 9 digit version of the station code. (5 digits of station, 3 of substation, and 1 of modification flag.) This time Country Code gets stuck on the far end of the line as cc=501… Following the StationID is the name, then the latitude and longitude in 1/10 degrees (In the original there is an infixed lable telling you that over and over and over… I have deleted that as well.) We then have two letters that look to me like the Rural Urban Suburban flag and the GHCN style brightness flag (though I’ve not explicitly validated this. Frankly, I’m a bit tired of looking at this code tonight.)

So this first line says it ends up in latitude zone / band “4”, is StationID 94101 with no substation “000” and the “0” modification history flag. The name is “Kalumburu” and it is located at 14.3 S 126.6 E is a Rural station and has an “A” brightness, located in Australia.

[chiefio@tubularbells STEP2]$ cat AUSSIE.USD
4 941010000 KALUMBURU                       -143  1266 R A cc=501
4 941200004 DARWIN AIRPOR                   -124  1309 U C cc=501
4 941240000 MIDDLE POINT                    -126  1313 R A cc=501
4 941320000 KATHERINE AER                   -144  1323 R C cc=501
4 941380000 GUNBALUNYA                      -123  1331 R A cc=501
4 941390000 WARRUWI                         -117  1334 R A cc=501
4 941420000 MANINGRIDA                      -121  1342 R A cc=501
4 941460000 ELCHO ISLAND                    -120  1356 R A cc=501
4 941500001 GOVE AIRPORT                    -123  1368 R A cc=501
4 941700010 WEIPA COMPOSITE                 -126  1419 R C cc=501
4 941750004 THURSDAY ISLA                   -106  1422 R B cc=501
4 941840000 COEN AIRPORT                    -137  1431 R A cc=501
4 941850000 COEN (POST OF                   -139  1432 R A cc=501
4 941860000 LOCKHART RIVE                   -128  1433 R A cc=501
4 941870000 MUSGRAVE STAT                   -148  1435 R A cc=501
4 942000000 MANDORA                         -197  1208 R A cc=501
4 942020000 LA GRANGE                       -187  1218 R A cc=501
4 942030004 BROOME AIRPOR                   -179  1222 R B cc=501
4 942050000 DERBY                           -173  1236 R C cc=501
4 942080000 KURI BAY                        -155  1245 R A cc=501
4 942090010 FITZROY CROSSING (FITZ.CROSS.C  -182  1256 R A cc=501
4 942120005 HALLS CREEK A                   -182  1277 R A cc=501
4 942130000 TURKEY CREEK                    -170  1282 R A cc=501
4 942140000 WYNDHAM                         -155  1281 R A cc=501
4 942140010 WYNDHAM (WYNDHAM PORT)  WAS 00  -155  1281 R A cc=501
4 942320000 VICTORIA RIVE                   -164  1310 R A cc=501
4 942370000 LARRIMAH                        -156  1332 R A cc=501
4 942370010 DALY WATERS            AUSTRAL  -162  1333 R A cc=501
4 942370020 DALY WATERS PUB (DALY WATERS C  -162  1334 R A cc=501
4 942380000 TENNANT CREEK MO                -196  1342 R B cc=501
4 942380020 TENNANT CREEK                   -196  1342 R B cc=501
4 942390000 MCARTHUR RIVE                   -164  1361 R A cc=501
4 942420000 BRUNETTE DOWN                   -186  1359 R A cc=501
4 942550000 CAMOOWEAL                       -199  1381 R A cc=501
4 942590000 BURKETOWN                       -177  1395 R A cc=501
4 942670000 NORMANTON                       -177  1411 R A cc=501
4 942670010 DONORS HILL                     -187  1406 R A cc=501
4 942680000 KOWANYAMA                       -155  1417 R A cc=501
4 942690000 CROYDON                         -182  1422 R A cc=501
4 942750000 GEORGETOWN                      -183  1436 R A cc=501
4 942750010 MOUNT SURPRISE                  -181  1443 R A cc=501
4 942760000 PALMERVILLE                     -170  1441 R A cc=501
4 942830000 COOKTOWN AMO                    -154  1452 R A cc=501
4 942830010 FAIRVIEW                        -155  1443 R A cc=501
4 942850000 LOW ISLES                       -164  1456 R A cc=501
4 942850010 PORT DOUGLAS POST OFFICE        -165  1455 R B cc=501
4 942870003 CAIRNS AIRPOR                   -169  1458 S C cc=501
4 942880010 HERBERTON POST OFFICE           -174  1454 R A cc=501
4 942910000 INNISFAIL                       -175  1460 R C cc=501
4 942920000 CARDWELL                        -182  1460 R A cc=501
4 942940005 TOWNSVILLE AM                   -192  1468 U C cc=501
4 942940010 AYR (BURDEKIN SHIRE COUNCIL)    -196  1474 R C cc=501
4 943000004 CARNARVON AIR                   -249  1137 R C cc=501
4 943020001 LEARMONTH AIR                   -222  1141 R A cc=501
4 943040000 BARROW ISLAND                   -208  1154 R A cc=501
4 943050000 ONSLOW                          -216  1151 R A cc=501
4 943060000 MARDIE                          -212  1160 R A cc=501
4 943060010 PANNAWONICA (PANNAWONICA)       -217  1163 R A cc=501
4 943090000 ROEBOURNE                       -208  1171 R A cc=501
4 943090010 ROEBOURNE (COSSACK)             -207  1172 R A cc=501
4 943120005 PORT HEDLAND                    -201  1196 S A cc=501
4 943120010 GOLDSWORTHY (GOLDSWORTHY)       -204  1195 R A cc=501
4 943130000 WITTENOOM                       -222  1183 R A cc=501
4 943150000 MARBLE BAR                      -212  1198 R A cc=501
4 943150010 NULLAGINE (NULLAGINE POST OFFI  -219  1201 R A cc=501
4 943180000 NYANG                           -230  1150 R A cc=501
4 943180010 NYANG (WINNING)                 -232  1145 R A cc=501
4 943220000 RABBIT FLAT                     -202  1300 R A cc=501
4 943240000 YUENDUMU                        -222  1318 R A cc=501
4 943250010 BARROW CREEK            WAS 01  -215  1339 R A cc=501
4 943260004 ALICE SPRINGS                   -238  1339 S A cc=501
4 943270000 JERVOIS                         -229  1361 R A cc=501
4 943290000 URANDANGIE                      -216  1383 R A cc=501
4 943320000 MT ISA AIRPOR                   -207  1395 S C cc=501
4 943320010 CLONCURRY                       -207  1405 R B cc=501
4 943330000 BOULIA                          -229  1399 R A cc=501
4 943370000 JULIA CREEK                     -206  1417 R A cc=501
4 943390000 WINTON (POST                    -224  1430 R B cc=501
4 943400000 RICHMOND                        -207  1431 R A cc=501
4 943430000 HUGHENDEN                       -208  1442 R B cc=501
4 943450000 ISISFORD                        -243  1444 R A cc=501
4 943460005 LONGREACH AIR                   -234  1443 R B cc=501
4 943500000 BARCALDINE                      -236  1453 R B cc=501
4 943510000 BLACKALL                        -244  1454 R A cc=501
4 943550000 TAMBO                           -249  1463 R A cc=501
4 943560010 CHARTERS TOWERS POST OFFICE     -201  1463 R C cc=501
4 943590000 CLERMONT                        -228  1476 R B cc=501
4 943600000 COLLINSVILLE                    -206  1478 R B cc=501
4 943630010 EMERALD POST OFFICE     NOW 03  -235  1482 R C cc=501
4 943660010 BOWEN POST OFFICE               -200  1483 R C cc=501
4 943670005 MACKAY                          -211  1492 S C cc=501
4 943670010 MACKAY SUGAR MILL STATION       -212  1491 S B cc=501
4 943690000 ST LAWRENCE                     -223  1495 R A cc=501
4 943690010 PINE ISLET             AUSTRAL  -216  1502 R A cc=501
4 943740000 ROCKHAMPTON A                   -234  1505 U C cc=501
4 943740010 MOUNT MORGAN                    -236  1504 R C cc=501
4 943740020 YEPPOON                         -231  1507 R C cc=501
4 943750000 BARALABA                        -242  1498 R A cc=501
4 943760010 BILOELA DPI RESEARCH STATION    -244  1505 R B cc=501
4 943770010 MONTO POST OFFICE       WAS 03  -249  1511 R A cc=501
4 943800005 GLADSTONE                       -239  1513 S C cc=501
4 943870010 CHILDERS POST OFFICE            -252  1523 R A cc=501
4 943870020 BUNDABERG POST OFFICE           -249  1523 S C cc=501
4 943880000 LADY ELLIOT I                   -241  1527 R A cc=501
4 943900000 SANDY CAPE                      -247  1532 R A cc=501
4 944020010 HAMELIN POOL (HAMELIN POOL)     -264  1142 R A cc=501
4 944030002 GERALDTON AIR                   -288  1147 S B cc=501
4 944100000 GASCOYNE JUNC                   -251  1152 R A cc=501
4 944110000 MULLEWA                         -285  1155 R A cc=501
4 944110010 YALGOO (YALGOO POST OFFICE)     -284  1167 R A cc=501
4 944150000 CARNAMAH                        -297  1159 R A cc=501
4 944160000 MORAWA                          -292  1160 R A cc=501
4 944220010 YALGOO (MURGOO)                 -274  1164 R A cc=501
4 944280000 MT MAGNET                       -281  1178 R B cc=501
4 944280010 CUE (CUE POST OFFICE)           -274  1179 R A cc=501
4 944300004 MEEKATHARRA A                   -266  1185 R B cc=501
4 944390000 WILUNA                          -266  1202 R A cc=501
4 944440000 SANDSTONE CAS                   -290  1196 R A cc=501
4 944450000 LAVERTON (YAM                   -281  1237 R A cc=501
4 944460000 MENZIES                         -297  1210 R A cc=501
4 944480000 LEONORA                         -289  1213 R B cc=501
4 944490000 LAVERTON AWS                    -286  1224 R A cc=501
4 944610004 GILES                           -250  1283 R A cc=501
4 944630000 CURTIN SPRING                   -253  1318 R A cc=501
4 944760000 OODNADATTA AI                   -276  1354 R A cc=501
4 944800000 MARREE                          -296  1381 R A cc=501
4 944810000 MOOMBA                          -281  1402 R A cc=501
4 944820000 BIRDSVILLE                      -259  1393 R A cc=501
4 944850000 TIBOOBURRA                      -294  1420 R A cc=501
4 944880000 WINDORAH                        -254  1427 R A cc=501
4 944920000 THARGOMINDAH                    -280  1438 R A cc=501
4 944940000 QUILPIE                         -266  1443 R A cc=501
4 945000000 CUNNAMULLA                      -281  1457 R A cc=501
4 945000010 EULO POST OFFICE                -282  1451 R A cc=501
4 945100004 CHARLEVILLE A                   -264  1463 R A cc=501
4 945110000 INJUNE                          -259  1486 R A cc=501
4 945130000 BOLLON                          -280  1475 R A cc=501
4 945140000 MITCHELL                        -265  1480 R A cc=501
4 945150010 ROMA POST OFFICE                -266  1488 R C cc=501
4 945160000 ST GEORGE                       -280  1486 R B cc=501
4 945200000 MUNGINDI                        -290  1490 R A cc=501
4 945210000 SURAT                           -271  1491 R A cc=501
4 945250000 TAROOM                          -256  1498 R A cc=501
4 945270005 MOREE MO                        -295  1498 R B cc=501
4 945290000 MILES                           -267  1502 R A cc=501
4 945300010 GOONDIWINDI POST OFFICE         -286  1503 R B cc=501
4 945410000 INVERELL                        -298  1511 R C cc=501
4 945410010 BINGARA POST OFFICE             -299  1506 R A cc=501
4 945410020 WARIALDA POST OFFICE            -296  1506 R A cc=501
4 945430000 GAYNDAH                         -256  1516 R C cc=501
4 945490000 KINGAROY                        -266  1518 R B cc=501
4 945490010 NANANGO                         -267  1520 R B cc=501
4 945500000 STANTHORPE                      -286  1519 R C cc=501
4 945510000 TOOWOOMBA COM                   -276  1519 U C cc=501
4 945510010 PITTSWORTH POST OFFICE          -277  1516 R B cc=501
4 945510020 CAMBOOYA POST OFFICE            -277  1519 R A cc=501
4 945520000 OAKEY AERODRO                   -274  1517 R B cc=501
4 945550000 WARWICK AWS                     -282  1521 R A cc=501
4 945550010 KILLARNEY POST OFFICE           -283  1523 R A cc=501
4 945550020 WARWICK                         -282  1520 R C cc=501
4 945560000 TENTERFIELD D                   -291  1520 R C cc=501
4 945560010 WALLANGARRA POST OFFICE         -289  1519 R A cc=501
4 945640010 DOUBLE ISLAND POINT LIGHTHOUSE  -259  1532 R A cc=501
4 945660000 GYMPIE (FORES                   -261  1526 R B cc=501
4 945680000 AMBERLEY AERO                   -276  1527 U C cc=501
4 945680010 IPSWICH COMPOSITE               -276  1528 U C cc=501
4 945680020 GATTON-LAWES                    -276  1523 R B cc=501
4 945710000 GRAFTON                         -297  1529 S C cc=501
4 945740000 CASINO AIRPOR                   -289  1530 R A cc=501
4 945750010 BRISBANE REGIONAL OFFICE ROOF   -275  1530 U C cc=501
4 945780000 BRISBANE/EAGLE FARM AUSTRA      -274  1531 U C cc=501
4 945780020 SANDGATE                        -273  1531 U C cc=501
4 945790010 ORMISTON (REDLANDS) H.R.S.      -275  1533 U C cc=501
4 945800010 SOUTHPORT                       -279  1534 U C cc=501
4 945810020 MOUNT TAMBORINE                 -280  1532 R A cc=501
4 945860000 LISMORE                         -288  1533 S B cc=501
4 945870000 TABULAM                         -287  1524 R A cc=501
4 945890000 YAMBA                           -294  1533 R B cc=501
4 945940000 CAPE MORETON                    -270  1535 R A cc=501
4 947780000 GLEN INNES                      -297  1517 R C cc=501
4 953070010 KARRATHA (DAMPIER SALT)         -207  1168 R A cc=501
4 953140000 NEWMAN                          -234  1197 R C cc=501
4 953620000 SPRINGSURE                      -241  1481 R A cc=501
4 954000010 MEEKATHARRA (PEAK HILL)         -256  1187 R B cc=501
4 954580000 COOBER PEDY A                   -290  1347 R A cc=501
4 955200000 COLLARENBRI                     -295  1486 R A cc=501
4 955720000 NAMBOUR                         -266  1529 R B cc=501
4 955720010 BEERWAH (CROHAMHURST)           -268  1528 R A cc=501
4 955740000 TEWANTIN                        -264  1530 R C cc=501
5 944800010 FARINA                          -301  1383 R A cc=501
5 946000007 CAPE NATURALI                   -335  1150 R A cc=501
5 946000010 BUSSELTON (BUSSELTON POST OFFI  -336  1153 R C cc=501
5 946010007 CAPE LEEUWIN                    -344  1151 R A cc=501
5 946030000 ROTTNEST ISLA                   -320  1155 R A cc=501
5 946040010 COLLIE (COLLIE POST OFFICE)     -334  1162 R C cc=501
5 946050010 MANDURAH (MANDURAH PARK)        -325  1158 S C cc=501
5 946080010 PERTH (PERTH REGIONAL OFFICE)   -319  1159 U C cc=501
5 946100000 PERTH AIRPORT                   -319  1160 U C cc=501
5 946110010 MOORA (WALEBING)                -307  1161 R A cc=501
5 946120000 BULLSBROOK PE                   -317  1160 R B cc=501
5 946160000 BRIDGETOWN                      -340  1161 R C cc=501
5 946170000 MANJIMUP                        -342  1162 R C cc=501
5 946190000 DALWALLINU                      -303  1167 R A cc=501
5 946200000 DWELLINGUP                      -327  1160 R A cc=501
5 946210000 NORTHAM COMPO                   -316  1167 R B cc=501
5 946220000 WONGAN HILLS                    -309  1167 R B cc=501
5 946220010 WONGAN (WONGAN HILLS RES.STATI  -309  1167 R A cc=501
5 946230000 YORK                            -319  1168 R A cc=501
5 946240000 WANDERING SHI                   -327  1167 R A cc=501
5 946250000 BROOKTON                        -324  1170 R A cc=501
5 946250020 BEVERLEY (BEVERLEY POST OFFICE  -321  1169 R A cc=501
5 946260000 CUNDERDIN                       -316  1172 R A cc=501
5 946260010 KELLERBERRIN (KELLERBERRIN COM  -316  1177 R C cc=501
5 946270000 NARROGIN                        -329  1172 R C cc=501
5 946290000 KATANNING                       -337  1175 R B cc=501
5 946290010 KOJONUP (KOJONUP COMPOSITE)     -338  1172 R A cc=501
5 946300000 MT BARKER                       -346  1177 R A cc=501
5 946320000 BENCUBBIN                       -308  1178 R A cc=501
5 946330000 CORRIGIN                        -323  1179 R A cc=501
5 946340000 SOUTHERN CROS                   -312  1193 R B cc=501
5 946350000 LAKE GRACE                      -331  1185 R A cc=501
5 946360000 RAVENSTHORPE                    -336  1200 R A cc=501
5 946370004 KALGOORLIE BO                   -308  1215 S C cc=501
5 946370010 COOLGARDIE(COOLGARDIE POST OFF  -309  1212 R B cc=501
5 946380004 ESPERANCE                       -338  1219 R B cc=501
5 946390000 NORSEMAN                        -322  1218 R C cc=501
5 946420000 BALLADONIA                      -325  1239 R A cc=501
5 946450000 EYRE MADURA                     -322  1263 R A cc=501
5 946470000 EUCLA AMO                       -317  1289 R A cc=501
5 946490000 COOK                            -306  1304 R A cc=501
5 946530004 CEDUNA AIRPOR                   -321  1337 R B cc=501
5 946540000 STREAKY BAY                     -328  1342 R A cc=501
5 946550000 TARCOOLA                        -307  1346 R A cc=501
5 946560000 ELLISTON (P.O                   -336  1349 R A cc=501
5 946570000 KYANCUTTA                       -331  1356 R A cc=501
5 946590003 WOOMERA AEROD                   -311  1368 R A cc=501
5 946600000 PORT LINCOLN                    -347  1359 S C cc=501
5 946610000 CLEVE                           -337  1365 R A cc=501
5 946630000 WAROOKA                         -350  1374 R A cc=501
5 946640000 WHYALLA                         -330  1375 S C cc=501
5 946650000 MAITLAND                        -344  1377 R A cc=501
5 946660000 PORT AUGUSTA                    -325  1378 S B cc=501
5 946670000 KADINA P O                      -340  1377 R B cc=501
5 946680000 KIMBA                           -331  1364 R A cc=501
5 946690000 PORT PIRIE                      -332  1380 S C cc=501
5 946690010 GEORGETOWN POST OFFICE          -334  1384 R A cc=501
5 946700000 SNOWTOWN                        -338  1382 R A cc=501
5 946710010 ROSEWORTHY AGRIC.COLLEGE        -345  1387 R A cc=501
5 946720004 ADELAIDE AIRP                   -349  1385 U C cc=501
5 946730000 HAWKER                          -319  1384 R A cc=501
5 946790000 YONGALA                         -330  1387 R A cc=501
5 946790020 YUNTA                           -326  1396 R A cc=501
5 946800000 EUDUNDA                         -342  1391 R A cc=501
5 946810000 NURIOOTPA                       -345  1390 R B cc=501
5 946810010 TURRETFIELD RES. CENTRE WAS 02  -345  1388 R A cc=501
5 946810020 KAPUNDA POST OFFICE             -344  1389 R A cc=501
5 946820010 WANBI RESEARCH CENTRE           -348  1403 R A cc=501
5 946870000 RENMARK                         -342  1408 R B cc=501
5 946880000 LAMEROO                         -353  1405 R A cc=501
5 946890000 BROKEN HILL                     -320  1415 S C cc=501
5 946930004 MILDURA AIRPO                   -342  1421 S B cc=501
5 946930010 WENTWORTH POST OFFICE           -341  1419 R A cc=501
5 946940000 MENINDEE                        -324  1424 R A cc=501
5 946950000 WILCANNIA                       -316  1434 R A cc=501
5 946960000 BALRANALD                       -346  1436 R C cc=501
5 946970000 IVANHOE                         -329  1443 R A cc=501
5 946980000 HAY MILLER ST                   -345  1448 R C cc=501
5 946990000 WHITE CLIFFS                    -309  1431 R A cc=501
5 947000010 HILLSTON POST OFFICE            -335  1455 R C cc=501
5 947030000 BOURKE (POST                    -301  1459 R B cc=501
5 947060000 NARRANDERA                      -347  1466 R B cc=501
5 947060010 URANA POST OFFICE               -353  1463 R A cc=501
5 947070010 CONDOBOLIN POST OFFICE          -331  1472 R C cc=501
5 947080000 NYNGAN                          -316  1472 R B cc=501
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5 948520000 BALLARAT                        -375  1438 S C cc=501
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5 948690000 DENILIQUIN                      -355  1449 R A cc=501
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5 948740020 EUROA                           -368  1456 R A cc=501
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5 948840000 BENALLA                         -365  1460 R C cc=501
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[chiefio@tubularbells STEP2]$ 

What About The Far Ago Times?

This is a chart of the temperature history of Australia. It looks as though the Thermometer Langoliers have been at work here, too. This is “by location” so I ignore the “modification flag”.

We have year, 12 monthly averages of daily MIN-MAX averages, an annual average of those daily averages (not the monthly averages) and the number of thermometers. In this case we have some data dropouts, so a -999 shows “no data”. Oddly, in 1994, despite 43 thermometer locations, “June” was lost somehow. The last line is an average of all daily MIN-MAX averages for each month.

The early years have only one thermometer, in HOBART:

50194975000 HOBART AIRPOR -42.83 147.48

At the southern edge of Tasmania. That accounts for the cold bias. By 1858, we have Adelaide, Armidale, and Melbourne. A little warmer, but still in a somewhat cool coastal corner. By about 1880 we have enough thermometer to get a more or less stable record, that stays pretty stable until today. There was a peak of 496 locations in 1972, but since then the GHCN records have been cut back to only 65 locations in 2008. Yet January has been “25 and a bit” degrees C since 1908. Though winters look like they have warmed by a degree or so over the last century. I can live with warmer winters. Especially when it’s all the way up to 12-13C.

So my “eyeball” of this chart shows some moderation of winters, but certainly no “runaway global warming”. Though from 1993 on we do have a possible “location bias” from the Thermometer Langoliers… It looks to me like winters have a bit of a “step function” higher then.

[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$ cat AUS.loc
1841 20.0 19.1 17.3 12.1 10.5  8.3  6.2  8.8 11.7 13.3 15.6 16.1 13.3  1
1842 17.7 18.0 16.2 11.9 10.5  7.6  5.6  8.2 11.8 11.1 15.3 16.0 12.5  1
1843 17.5 18.1 16.3 12.2 11.0  9.3  6.9  8.5 10.6 13.3 -999 17.6 11.8  1
1844 17.1 18.4 14.7 11.0 10.8  7.6  6.6  7.6 10.4 12.3 13.2 16.2 12.2  1
1845 18.5 17.1 16.3 13.4 10.0  7.6  8.3  8.8 12.2 13.3 15.5 17.4 13.2  1
1846 18.3 16.2 15.7 12.7 10.3  8.4  6.9  7.6 10.7 13.4 16.2 18.6 12.9  1
1847 18.0 17.4 15.3 12.6  9.3  7.0  7.2  9.5 11.8 12.7 14.0 18.2 12.8  1
1848 16.7 15.7 16.3 15.1  9.8  8.0  6.0  7.8  9.3 11.3 13.0 14.5 12.0  1
1849 16.0 14.6 13.6 -999  8.9  7.1  6.6  8.4  8.5 12.3 12.8 15.4 10.4  1
1850 16.0 15.7 16.4 12.9 10.6  8.6  6.3  7.6 -999 13.1 13.6 16.3 11.4  1
1851 17.0 17.2 14.6 13.8 10.1  8.8  7.8  8.4 10.6 11.9 12.6 16.6 12.5  1
1852 16.1 17.6 16.1 12.8  9.4  7.4  7.0  7.9 10.7 11.7 14.3 13.8 12.1  1
1853 15.5 15.1 13.7 12.7  9.5  6.6  7.0  8.6  9.0 11.2 13.9 16.9 11.6  1
1854 18.1 17.3 13.5 13.5  9.7  7.0  7.0  8.9  8.9 12.5 12.9 16.3 12.1  1
1855 -999 -999 -999 -999 12.8 10.2  9.0 10.4 12.7 14.8 16.6 18.1  8.7  1
1856 19.9 20.4 -999 16.4 12.1 10.5  8.2 11.0 12.6 14.1 15.3 16.4 13.1  1
1857 20.8 25.3 19.0 17.1 12.1 10.7 10.7 11.5 13.0 14.7 17.1 20.9 16.1  3
1858 23.5 21.1 19.8 15.5 12.0  9.3  8.1  9.5 11.1 14.5 18.1 19.6 15.2  3
1859 20.9 20.1 18.6 16.0 12.7 10.0  8.9 11.5 12.5 16.6 18.1 20.5 15.5  4
1860 21.6 20.8 20.6 17.1 13.9 11.6 10.6 12.2 13.9 15.4 17.3 19.5 16.2  4
1861 21.0 20.8 21.0 17.6 12.9 11.4  9.2 10.1 12.8 16.6 17.6 19.1 15.8  5
1862 21.9 21.0 21.4 16.5 14.0 11.8 11.9 11.7 15.0 16.8 20.1 21.1 16.9  6
1863 21.0 21.3 20.0 17.3 14.3 11.8 10.8 11.2 12.8 15.1 17.5 19.2 16.0  7
1864 20.7 19.5 19.0 17.2 13.9 11.4 10.4 11.5 14.1 14.4 17.5 18.4 15.7  6
1865 18.7 19.1 18.4 17.0 12.1 10.8  9.6 11.3 13.0 14.6 17.9 17.4 15.0  7
1866 19.6 20.3 17.8 16.6 14.3 11.5  9.9 11.2 12.5 14.8 15.3 17.7 15.1  7
1867 19.8 19.8 18.3 16.2 13.8 12.7 11.1 11.7 13.5 17.0 18.3 19.4 16.0  9
1868 19.4 20.1 20.6 16.1 13.8 11.7 10.4 11.3 13.9 16.4 18.0 20.1 16.0  9
1869 21.3 20.6 20.2 16.2 12.5 11.7 10.5 12.1 12.7 14.8 18.4 19.5 15.9  9
1870 20.9 21.6 19.0 17.3 13.3 11.7 10.3 11.0 12.6 15.8 16.9 19.1 15.8 10
1871 20.7 21.3 18.1 16.8 14.5 11.5 10.3 12.0 13.7 15.2 17.7 21.7 16.1 11
1872 22.7 21.8 20.3 15.7 12.5 11.9 10.2  9.4 13.8 16.2 19.7 20.6 16.2 11
1873 21.4 21.7 19.7 16.5 13.7 12.8  9.4 12.2 13.9 17.0 16.4 21.4 16.3 12
1874 21.9 21.1 19.8 17.8 13.1 10.3  9.4 10.3 12.2 16.8 18.0 20.9 16.0 12
1875 22.6 21.6 20.5 17.4 13.0 11.7 10.2 11.9 12.8 16.9 18.6 19.9 16.4 11
1876 22.7 21.9 21.7 16.7 13.7 10.1  9.6 10.8 13.9 16.6 18.7 22.3 16.6 13
1877 22.2 22.7 20.0 16.9 13.3 11.4 11.4 12.0 13.1 15.7 18.6 20.9 16.5 17
1878 22.9 22.0 21.6 18.1 13.8  9.9 10.8 12.5 14.9 17.2 19.3 20.9 17.0 18
1879 23.2 22.3 20.2 17.3 12.7 10.2  9.5 11.6 13.9 16.3 18.2 20.2 16.3 22
1880 22.5 22.6 20.7 17.1 13.4 10.5  9.3 12.1 14.1 15.2 18.6 21.3 16.5 24
1881 22.2 22.0 20.4 17.1 14.4  9.9  9.8 11.5 13.7 15.9 18.6 21.9 16.4 29
1882 23.7 22.5 21.6 17.6 14.5 11.1 10.7 12.3 15.0 17.4 20.1 21.1 17.3 29
1883 22.7 22.0 20.6 17.8 13.7 12.5 10.5 12.2 13.4 16.4 19.0 21.4 16.8 30
1884 21.8 22.5 21.0 17.6 13.7 11.6 10.7 12.7 14.5 16.8 19.7 20.4 16.9 30
1885 23.0 22.4 19.9 16.9 14.3 10.8 10.4 12.2 14.5 18.1 19.4 22.5 17.0 33
1886 23.5 21.6 20.1 17.7 13.2 11.0 10.9 11.7 14.6 15.5 19.7 21.2 16.7 32
1887 23.9 22.0 21.2 17.9 13.2 10.8 10.8 12.0 13.2 16.6 18.5 21.7 16.8 36
1888 23.8 23.1 20.5 18.9 14.7 13.1 11.6 12.6 15.9 18.2 22.3 23.8 18.2 39
1889 24.2 24.3 22.6 19.0 15.7 12.5 11.3 12.8 15.0 19.0 21.3 23.6 18.4 41
1890 24.5 23.5 22.3 18.6 15.4 13.6 10.9 12.8 15.6 18.0 20.0 21.9 18.1 40
1891 22.5 22.1 21.8 17.6 15.0 12.3 11.1 12.4 14.6 17.6 20.5 22.4 17.5 40
1892 23.0 23.9 23.0 17.6 14.7 12.3 11.4 13.3 15.1 18.0 21.1 21.8 17.9 41
1893 23.4 23.7 22.1 17.9 15.2 11.8 11.5 13.0 15.0 18.8 20.4 22.6 18.0 42
1894 23.7 22.7 21.7 18.4 13.7 12.2 10.6 12.2 13.8 18.3 21.4 22.6 17.6 46
1895 22.3 22.7 21.1 17.9 13.8 11.8  9.8 13.0 14.7 19.0 20.2 22.8 17.4 49
1896 24.6 23.1 21.3 17.4 13.7 10.8  9.7 11.2 14.0 19.0 20.4 23.2 17.4 50
1897 22.2 22.2 19.4 18.2 13.5 12.3 11.6 11.4 14.5 16.1 20.6 22.8 17.1 54
1898 24.1 24.1 21.4 17.3 13.3 11.8 11.2 12.9 15.0 17.7 19.7 22.3 17.6 62
1899 21.5 24.0 21.5 18.0 13.6 11.7 10.3 12.0 15.2 16.1 19.7 23.0 17.2 66
1900 23.3 23.9 20.2 16.4 13.5 12.3 10.2 11.2 13.2 17.1 20.2 22.1 17.0 71
1901 22.3 23.3 20.7 17.5 14.8 10.7 10.0 11.7 15.2 16.9 21.3 22.4 17.2 77
1902 22.4 21.9 21.0 18.1 14.5 11.6 11.0 11.7 14.4 17.1 20.8 21.2 17.1 80
1903 22.9 22.3 20.9 16.9 13.5 11.2 10.3 11.5 13.8 16.6 19.4 20.7 16.7 88
1904 22.3 21.8 20.1 18.5 14.3 11.2 10.6 11.8 13.1 16.4 19.6 22.2 16.8 88
1905 23.5 21.7 20.6 18.0 14.6 11.4 10.4 11.2 12.0 14.6 19.0 21.9 16.6 91
1906 24.2 24.2 20.6 18.7 14.8 12.7 11.0 11.6 13.4 16.7 18.0 22.0 17.3 93
1907 23.5 23.3 20.9 17.9 15.1 12.3 11.1 12.9 15.4 18.4 20.5 22.5 17.8 170
1908 25.4 23.5 21.2 18.7 14.9 10.6 11.1 12.2 14.4 17.7 21.8 23.6 17.9 176
1909 23.2 22.6 21.4 17.0 14.3 12.5 10.7 12.6 14.8 18.2 20.7 21.9 17.5 183
1910 23.9 23.8 21.4 19.0 15.4 12.6 11.5 13.4 16.2 17.1 20.3 22.0 18.1 194
1911 23.1 22.6 21.0 17.5 14.7 11.1 11.4 13.0 15.6 18.0 21.8 22.8 17.7 198
1912 24.1 24.9 22.3 18.2 14.7 12.7 11.6 13.1 15.1 18.1 20.6 23.0 18.2 202
1913 23.8 23.9 20.9 19.0 14.0 11.8 11.9 12.4 15.1 18.7 20.5 23.7 18.0 217
1914 24.6 24.5 22.5 19.1 15.5 12.8 11.2 13.7 15.9 19.6 22.8 24.1 18.9 222
1915 23.8 25.1 22.4 19.2 14.5 12.8 12.6 12.8 16.2 17.7 21.1 22.7 18.4 226
1916 24.4 24.0 22.0 18.1 15.1 12.6 11.5 12.6 15.9 17.4 18.7 22.1 17.9 226
1917 23.6 21.7 20.9 17.2 13.3 11.7 11.9 12.5 15.2 17.7 19.6 22.6 17.3 228
1918 23.3 22.7 20.8 18.1 15.1 12.5 10.6 13.0 15.3 17.7 21.0 23.1 17.8 228
1919 24.2 24.3 21.5 19.4 15.8 12.9 11.3 12.5 15.5 18.5 22.0 23.8 18.5 230
1920 23.3 23.5 21.0 18.1 14.4 12.7 11.8 12.4 15.3 18.3 21.3 22.7 17.9 228
1921 23.8 24.0 21.4 18.5 16.2 13.6 12.8 11.9 15.8 17.2 21.6 22.6 18.3 232
1922 23.0 23.6 21.3 19.5 14.8 12.3 11.0 11.9 15.1 18.4 21.4 22.7 17.9 230
1923 23.4 24.5 22.5 19.3 15.9 12.3 11.2 12.1 14.7 17.7 19.6 23.5 18.1 229
1924 22.9 22.6 21.1 17.1 14.6 11.8 12.0 12.8 15.6 17.7 20.0 21.4 17.5 230
1925 22.5 23.0 21.0 18.3 14.9 12.6 10.6 11.9 13.8 17.7 20.9 23.1 17.5 236
1926 23.4 24.9 22.2 18.8 14.1 12.5 12.2 12.9 15.6 18.5 20.9 22.1 18.2 237
1927 23.7 22.7 21.3 17.8 14.0 11.9 11.1 12.1 15.0 18.5 21.5 22.3 17.7 237
1928 23.1 23.5 22.0 19.3 14.0 11.8 11.7 13.9 16.3 18.0 21.0 23.3 18.2 233
1929 24.2 24.2 21.4 17.4 14.1 11.4 10.0 12.5 14.5 17.9 20.2 22.0 17.5 235
1930 23.4 24.4 21.8 17.9 15.0 12.6 12.4 12.7 14.8 18.5 20.8 22.4 18.1 233
1931 23.4 23.2 21.5 17.7 15.2 12.5 11.4 12.7 15.2 17.2 19.9 22.7 17.7 237
1932 25.4 23.2 21.7 18.2 15.3 11.7 11.0 12.5 15.0 17.1 20.9 22.3 17.9 238
1933 23.4 23.2 22.3 18.3 14.8 12.6 11.6 11.5 15.0 18.3 19.9 21.9 17.7 239
1934 23.9 23.3 22.6 17.9 15.5 11.8 11.9 12.7 15.4 17.2 20.1 22.0 17.9 239
1935 23.4 23.3 21.2 17.7 14.1 11.6 11.3 13.0 14.8 18.1 20.6 22.7 17.6 241
1936 23.6 23.3 21.6 17.4 14.8 11.4 11.9 13.6 14.8 18.2 20.6 22.8 17.8 245
1937 23.1 23.2 21.5 17.5 14.8 11.4 11.2 13.1 15.4 18.9 21.4 23.3 17.9 244
1938 23.8 23.2 22.7 19.3 16.4 12.2 11.3 12.4 15.4 19.0 21.7 23.4 18.4 258
1939 25.5 24.4 21.8 18.7 16.1 12.4 10.8 12.1 14.5 17.4 20.2 22.5 18.0 271
1940 24.3 23.4 23.1 18.1 14.2 12.7 11.6 13.2 15.8 19.4 20.7 23.6 18.3 270
1941 22.6 22.9 20.9 18.9 15.1 12.5 11.9 12.4 15.6 17.8 21.6 23.4 18.0 277
1942 24.9 23.1 22.4 19.0 16.1 13.4 12.1 13.7 15.8 17.9 21.0 22.9 18.5 280
1943 23.6 23.5 22.9 18.1 14.6 11.5 11.2 11.8 15.2 18.2 20.1 22.7 17.8 284
1944 24.7 23.1 21.6 17.3 13.9 12.2 11.8 12.8 16.0 18.6 22.1 22.9 18.1 287
1945 23.9 23.3 21.3 18.7 15.1 13.9 11.3 13.9 15.1 17.8 21.1 23.5 18.2 291
1946 24.6 23.6 20.7 17.5 15.2 11.2 12.1 12.9 15.2 17.5 21.4 23.3 17.9 293
1947 24.9 24.1 22.0 18.2 16.2 13.1 11.9 12.9 15.3 17.6 19.9 22.3 18.2 296
1948 22.8 24.3 21.2 17.8 14.4 12.4 11.4 13.3 15.5 18.0 20.5 22.9 17.9 297
1949 23.2 22.7 21.7 17.6 14.6 11.4 12.0 13.2 15.3 18.5 20.3 22.8 17.8 304
1950 23.7 23.1 22.0 18.7 15.7 12.5 12.9 12.9 16.1 17.9 20.3 23.0 18.2 312
1951 23.8 23.9 23.1 17.7 14.9 13.4 11.7 12.0 16.1 18.3 21.1 23.2 18.3 320
1952 24.9 23.5 22.3 18.5 15.0 12.8 11.6 13.0 15.5 18.1 20.0 22.5 18.1 327
1953 23.4 22.8 22.6 19.7 15.1 12.4 11.9 12.3 15.4 18.1 20.6 23.5 18.1 330
1954 24.0 22.9 21.8 19.2 15.0 12.5 12.3 13.5 15.6 18.5 20.8 23.0 18.3 330
1955 24.2 24.1 22.4 19.0 14.8 12.8 11.7 13.6 16.1 18.4 19.9 22.2 18.3 338
1956 23.6 24.4 22.6 18.6 15.0 12.1 11.8 11.9 14.6 17.2 19.7 22.4 17.8 337
1957 23.9 23.7 21.8 19.7 15.8 15.2 11.6 13.8 15.9 19.4 21.9 24.1 18.9 235
1958 24.0 24.3 22.7 20.1 17.7 13.7 12.7 14.1 15.1 18.6 21.9 22.9 19.0 235
1959 24.9 24.2 23.1 19.9 15.9 14.0 13.2 14.4 16.4 18.8 22.6 22.6 19.2 242
1960 24.9 23.7 22.4 19.1 14.5 12.7 12.6 12.8 15.9 19.3 20.5 23.4 18.5 242
1961 24.9 24.2 22.6 19.9 15.8 13.7 12.4 13.4 16.9 20.2 21.6 23.6 19.1 246
1962 24.2 23.7 22.1 19.2 15.4 14.7 13.0 13.4 16.0 18.1 21.6 22.7 18.7 285
1963 23.6 23.7 22.6 18.7 16.1 13.1 12.0 13.7 16.1 19.2 20.9 23.1 18.6 282
1964 23.7 23.1 22.2 19.3 15.6 13.7 13.0 13.7 16.4 17.5 20.7 21.5 18.4 284
1965 23.1 24.2 22.0 18.3 15.7 13.0 11.3 13.5 16.6 19.3 20.6 23.4 18.4 411
1966 23.9 23.4 22.0 18.9 14.9 12.8 11.6 12.8 15.3 17.6 20.9 22.1 18.0 430
1967 23.7 23.7 21.1 19.4 15.7 13.9 11.8 12.5 15.3 19.7 21.1 22.1 18.3 442
1968 24.4 24.4 22.6 19.8 14.5 12.8 11.5 12.6 15.0 18.2 20.7 22.0 18.2 456
1969 24.9 24.0 22.1 18.9 15.5 12.7 12.9 14.1 14.1 19.0 20.8 22.3 18.4 472
1970 23.5 24.0 21.8 19.2 15.0 13.6 12.1 12.9 14.8 18.6 20.4 22.7 18.2 488
1971 24.0 24.0 22.6 18.9 15.0 12.3 11.6 13.2 15.6 18.1 19.6 22.3 18.1 489
1972 23.2 23.6 21.5 18.7 15.8 13.1 11.9 13.8 16.4 18.5 21.0 24.3 18.5 496
1973 25.2 24.0 22.0 19.7 16.5 13.2 13.5 13.8 15.9 18.8 20.7 23.2 18.9 492
1974 24.1 23.2 22.8 19.1 15.7 12.8 12.3 13.2 14.8 17.6 19.5 22.4 18.1 494
1975 23.1 23.9 21.5 18.5 16.0 12.9 13.7 13.3 16.4 17.6 21.2 23.2 18.4 498
1976 23.2 23.8 22.3 18.8 15.4 13.1 12.4 13.0 15.3 17.5 20.4 23.3 18.2 462
1977 24.1 24.6 22.0 18.8 15.6 12.8 11.9 14.3 15.2 19.5 21.6 23.7 18.7 459
1978 24.2 24.2 23.0 19.3 16.3 13.0 12.0 13.0 15.2 18.1 20.7 22.2 18.4 461
1979 25.3 24.2 22.6 19.0 15.0 14.1 12.5 13.4 16.0 18.8 22.1 24.3 18.9 459
1980 24.2 24.0 22.9 19.9 17.0 13.6 12.6 14.5 17.2 19.3 22.3 23.8 19.3 463
1981 25.4 24.7 21.9 20.5 16.2 13.0 12.8 13.6 17.3 18.8 20.5 23.4 19.0 464
1982 25.0 24.4 22.2 19.2 15.7 11.8 11.3 14.8 15.7 18.3 22.4 23.7 18.7 464
1983 24.1 25.6 23.2 18.3 16.5 13.2 11.8 14.1 16.8 18.9 20.6 22.8 18.8 470
1984 23.0 23.4 21.1 18.9 15.8 13.4 11.7 13.4 14.7 18.4 21.2 22.3 18.1 466
1985 24.0 24.1 23.1 19.3 16.0 12.6 12.3 13.6 15.5 18.4 21.2 22.7 18.6 468
1986 24.2 24.1 23.4 20.1 16.7 13.6 12.6 13.3 16.9 18.6 21.5 23.1 19.0 463
1987 24.5 24.3 22.2 20.5 16.7 14.9 13.1 14.6 16.9 19.3 22.1 23.7 19.4 351
1988 25.5 24.2 23.3 20.6 17.7 14.7 14.1 14.9 17.7 21.1 21.7 23.9 19.9 327
1989 24.3 24.7 23.3 20.5 17.5 13.4 12.8 13.2 16.8 19.6 21.8 23.7 19.3 320
1990 25.0 24.2 23.7 20.3 17.2 13.7 13.5 13.8 16.6 19.1 22.3 24.3 19.5 419
1991 24.8 24.5 22.4 19.5 16.4 14.9 12.7 13.6 15.9 19.8 20.9 22.6 19.0 456
1992 23.4 23.6 22.6 19.5 15.8 13.0 12.7 13.2 14.9 18.0 21.3 23.2 18.4 446
1993 25.0 24.3 22.6 20.3 17.0 13.7 14.3 14.9 16.7 18.4 21.8 23.3 19.4 45
1994 25.1 24.4 22.5 20.3 17.3 -999 13.8 14.3 16.9 20.0 22.0 24.4 18.4 43
1995 24.6 24.1 22.6 19.4 16.8 14.6 13.8 15.7 17.1 19.5 22.0 22.9 19.4 42
1996 24.4 24.3 21.7 19.8 17.1 15.4 13.9 14.8 17.2 19.8 21.5 23.0 19.4 42
1997 24.2 24.9 22.1 20.0 16.6 14.0 12.8 14.3 17.3 19.8 22.2 23.9 19.3 42
1998 24.9 24.9 23.7 20.3 17.8 14.6 13.2 15.7 17.9 19.7 21.5 23.6 19.8 42
1999 25.2 24.4 23.0 19.2 17.6 14.5 13.9 15.2 17.8 19.9 20.4 22.7 19.5 43
2000 23.7 24.6 22.6 19.9 16.0 13.7 13.8 14.5 18.1 19.4 22.0 23.5 19.3 44
2001 25.4 24.6 22.6 20.4 16.6 14.8 13.7 14.4 17.7 18.8 21.1 22.7 19.4 44
2002 24.2 23.8 23.0 21.1 17.7 14.6 13.9 14.7 17.5 20.2 22.5 24.0 19.8 45
2003 24.9 24.6 22.4 20.4 17.5 14.9 13.9 14.7 17.3 18.7 22.0 24.0 19.6 45
2004 24.2 24.7 22.8 20.6 16.5 14.8 13.5 14.4 16.7 20.5 21.9 23.6 19.5 45
2005 24.7 24.4 23.3 21.6 17.6 14.9 14.2 14.7 17.3 20.1 22.2 23.4 19.9 57
2006 24.1 23.5 22.6 18.4 15.3 12.7 13.0 14.8 17.2 19.5 21.6 22.4 18.8 57
2007 23.8 24.5 22.5 19.9 17.7 12.6 12.9 14.9 17.0 19.5 21.6 22.7 19.1 58
2008 25.7 24.1 23.5 19.9 17.3 15.5 13.7 14.0 18.0 21.0 21.4 23.1 19.8 65
     24.0 23.8 22.1 18.9 15.5 12.9 12.0 13.2 15.6 18.4 20.9 22.9 18.4

And finally, if you would like to compare the surving 65 stations in 2008 with the list of total stations above (or at least, the ones that make it through GIStemp), here is the Station Inventory information from the v2.inv file for the present 65 stations active in the GHCN record. My “eyeball scan” of the LAT field looks like more than half with a latitude above the midline of Australia, but as usual, a graph and real coordinates on a map would be more accurate than me staring at my 12 inch globe ;-) In any case, it looks to me like Australia is being “cooked” by having many of it’s thermometers moved toward the Equator.

Usual v2.inv format as described about 1/2 way down here:

http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/02/24/ghcn-global-historical-climate-network/

3 digit country code, 5 Station, 3 Sub-station, Name, LAT, LONG, etc.

50194120000 DARWIN AIRPOR -12.40 130.87 30 17U 56FLxxCO 3A 1WATER C 21
50194150000 GOVE AIRPORT -12.27 136.82 54 31R -9HIxxCO 6A-9TROPICAL DRY FORA 0
50194203000 BROOME AIRPOR -17.95 122.22 9 2R -9FLDECO 1x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBB 12
50194212000 HALLS CREEK A -18.22 127.65 424 455R -9HIDEno-9A-9SEMIARID WOODS A 0
50194238000 TENNANT CREEK MO -19.63 134.18 375 349R -9HIDEno-9A-9HOT DESERT B 13
50194259000 BURKETOWN -17.73 139.53 8 7R -9FLxxCO30x-9WARM FIELD WOODSA 0
50194287000 CAIRNS AIRPOR -16.88 145.75 7 397S 49HIxxCO 1A 1WATER C 18
50194294000 TOWNSVILLE AM -19.25 146.75 9 15U 86HIxxCO 2A 1EQ. EVERGREEN C 23
50194300000 CARNARVON AIR -24.87 113.67 7 2R -9FLxxCO 1A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB C 8
50194302000 LEARMONTH AIR -22.23 114.08 6 125R -9HIxxCO 1A-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194312000 PORT HEDLAND -20.10 119.57 10 8S 13FLxxCO 5A 5WATER A 0
50194313000 WITTENOOM -22.23 118.33 464 537R -9HIDEno-9x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194326000 ALICE SPRINGS -23.80 133.88 547 559S 18HIxxno-9A10HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194332000 MT ISA AIRPOR -20.67 139.48 344 388S 24HIxxno-9A 5SEMIARID WOODS C 8
50194339000 WINTON (POST -22.38 143.03 184 187R -9FLxxno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB B 7
50194340000 RICHMOND -20.72 143.13 215 201R -9FLxxno-9x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194346000 LONGREACH AIR -23.43 144.27 193 187R -9FLxxno-9x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBB 8
50194367000 MACKAY -21.12 149.22 31 66S 35HIxxCO 1x-9WARM CROPS C 17
50194374000 ROCKHAMPTON A -23.38 150.47 14 66U 50HIxxCO30A 1TROPICAL DRY FORC 15
50194380000 GLADSTONE -23.85 151.25 76 77S 22HIxxCO 1x-9WATER C 26
50194403000 GERALDTON AIR -28.78 114.70 34 22S 21HIxxCO 6A 4MED. GRAZING B 14
50194430000 MEEKATHARRA A -26.60 118.53 518 503R -9HIDEno-9A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB B 0
50194461000 GILES -25.03 128.28 599 624R -9FLDEno-9A-9HOT DESERT A 0
50194476000 OODNADATTA AI -27.58 135.45 117 114R -9HIDEno-9A-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194480000 MARREE -29.65 138.05 51 57R -9HIDEno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194510000 CHARLEVILLE A -26.40 146.27 304 295R -9HIxxno-9A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194568000 AMBERLEY AERO -27.63 152.72 31 83U 100HIxxno-9A 2EQ. EVERGREEN C 10
50194578000 BRISBANE/EAGLE FARM AUSTRA -27.40 153.10 4 37U 943FLxxCO 5A 1COASTAL EDGES C 35
50194589000 YAMBA -29.43 153.35 30 84R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM CROPS B 6
50194601000 CAPE LEEUWIN -34.37 115.12 14 3R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194610000 PERTH AIRPORT -31.90 116.00 18 22U 809FLxxCO20A 2WARM MIXED C 29
50194637000 KALGOORLIE BO -30.78 121.45 370 360S 10FLxxno-9A 1HIGHLAND SHRUB C 25
50194638000 ESPERANCE -33.82 121.88 26 32R -9HIxxCO 2x-9HEATHS, MOORS B 0
50194647000 EUCLA AMO -31.68 128.90 102 67R -9FLDECO 3x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194653000 CEDUNA AIRPOR -32.12 133.70 17 12R -9FLDECO 3A-9MED. GRAZING B 9
50194655000 TARCOOLA -30.72 134.57 120 121R -9FLDEno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194659000 WOOMERA AEROD -31.13 136.82 167 164R -9FLDEno-9A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194672000 ADELAIDE AIRP -34.93 138.52 4 23U 883HIxxCO 2A 1WARM CROPS C 29
50194681000 NURIOOTPA -34.47 139.00 274 249R -9HIxxno-9x-9WARM IRRIGATED B 13
50194693000 MILDURA AIRPO -34.22 142.08 52 48S 16FLxxno-9A 8HIGHLAND SHRUB B 0
50194711000 COBAR -31.48 145.82 265 229R -9HIxxno-9x-9SEMIARID WOODS B 0
50194750000 NOWRA RAN AIR -34.95 150.53 110 216S 18HIxxCO20x-9WARM MIXED A 0
50194767000 SYDNEY AIRPOR -33.95 151.18 3 45U 2877HIxxCO 1A 1WARM MIXED C 46
50194776000 WILLIAMTOWN -32.78 151.82 8 11U 135FLxxCO 5A12WARM MIXED B 0
50194791000 COFFS HARBOUR -30.32 153.12 5 292S 16HIxxCO 1A 1COASTAL EDGES C 13
50194802000 ALBANY (ALBANY A.M.O.) -34.95 117.80 68 63S 15HIxxCO 2x-9WATER C 0
50194812000 ROBE (P.O.) -37.17 139.75 4 2R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194821000 MT GAMBIER AI -37.73 140.78 69 74S 18FLxxno-9A10WARM MIXED A 0
50194826000 CAPE NELSON -38.43 141.55 47 15R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WARM FOR./FIELD A 0
50194842000 CAPE OTWAY -38.85 143.50 83 6R -9HIxxCO 1x-9COASTAL EDGES A 0
50194865000 LAVERTON AERO -37.85 144.73 21 36U 2579FLxxCO 4A 5WARM FOR./FIELD C 16
50194866000 MELBOURNE AIR -37.67 144.83 141 125U 2579FLxxCO20A 2WARM FOR./FIELD C 28
50194893000 WILSONS PROMO -39.12 146.42 97 22R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194907000 EAST SALE AER -38.10 147.13 8 26S 13FLxxCO25A 5WARM FOR./FIELD B 0
50194910000 WAGGA AIRPORT -35.15 147.45 213 299S 37HIxxno-9A 5COOL FOR./FIELD B 0
50194926000 CANBERRA AIRP -35.30 149.18 577 637U 221MVxxno-9A 3WARM FOR./FIELD C 30
50194937000 MORUYA HEADS -35.90 150.15 17 99R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM MIXED A 0
50194967000 CAPE BRUNY -43.50 147.15 53 10R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194968000 LAUNCESTON AI -41.53 147.20 178 146S 31HIxxno-9A 8COOL FIELD/WOODSB 0
50194975000 HOBART AIRPOR -42.83 147.48 27 108U 129HIxxCO 1A15WARM CROPS B 0
50194983000 EDDYSTONE POI -40.98 148.33 14 54R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM CROPS A 0
50194995000 LORD HOWE ISL -31.53 159.07 6 0R -9HIxxCO 1A-9WATER A 0
50194998000 MACQUARIE ISL -54.48 158.95 8 0R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50195646000 FORREST (FORREST AMO) -30.83 128.12 156 164R -9FLDEno-9A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50195753000 RICHMOND AMO -33.60 150.78 20 118R -9HIxxno-9A-9WARM MIXED B 14
[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$

What happened between 1998 and 2008?

I was mildly bothered that there were a few thermometers “added back in” between 1998 and 2008. Who were they, I wondered… Were a lot of them in places that were further north, or more inland? Well, here’s the answer:

[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$ Adiff
50194259000 BURKETOWN -17.73 139.53 8 7R -9FLxxCO30x-9WARM FIELD WOODSA 0
50194313000 WITTENOOM -22.23 118.33 464 537R -9HIDEno-9x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194339000 WINTON (POST -22.38 143.03 184 187R -9FLxxno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB B 7
50194340000 RICHMOND -20.72 143.13 215 201R -9FLxxno-9x-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194380000 GLADSTONE -23.85 151.25 76 77S 22HIxxCO 1x-9WATER C 26
50194476000 OODNADATTA AI -27.58 135.45 117 114R -9HIDEno-9A-9WARM GRASS/SHRUBA 0
50194480000 MARREE -29.65 138.05 51 57R -9HIDEno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194568000 AMBERLEY AERO -27.63 152.72 31 83U 100HIxxno-9A 2EQ. EVERGREEN C 10
50194589000 YAMBA -29.43 153.35 30 84R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM CROPS B 6
50194601000 CAPE LEEUWIN -34.37 115.12 14 3R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194655000 TARCOOLA -30.72 134.57 120 121R -9FLDEno-9x-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50194681000 NURIOOTPA -34.47 139.00 274 249R -9HIxxno-9x-9WARM IRRIGATED B 13
50194750000 NOWRA RAN AIR -34.95 150.53 110 216S 18HIxxCO20x-9WARM MIXED A 0
50194812000 ROBE (P.O.) -37.17 139.75 4 2R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194826000 CAPE NELSON -38.43 141.55 47 15R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WARM FOR./FIELD A 0
50194842000 CAPE OTWAY -38.85 143.50 83 6R -9HIxxCO 1x-9COASTAL EDGES A 0
50194866000 MELBOURNE AIR -37.67 144.83 141 125U 2579FLxxCO20A 2WARM FOR./FIELD C 28
50194893000 WILSONS PROMO -39.12 146.42 97 22R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194937000 MORUYA HEADS -35.90 150.15 17 99R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM MIXED A 0
50194967000 CAPE BRUNY -43.50 147.15 53 10R -9HIxxCO 1x-9WATER A 0
50194983000 EDDYSTONE POI -40.98 148.33 14 54R -9FLxxCO 1x-9WARM CROPS A 0
50195646000 FORREST (FORREST AMO) -30.83 128.12 156 164R -9FLDEno-9A-9HIGHLAND SHRUB A 0
50195753000 RICHMOND AMO -33.60 150.78 20 118R -9HIxxno-9A-9WARM MIXED B 14
[chiefio@tubularbells analysis]$

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About E.M.Smith

A technical managerial sort interested in things from Stonehenge to computer science. My present "hot buttons' are the mythology of Climate Change and ancient metrology; but things change...
This entry was posted in NCDC - GHCN Issues and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

37 Responses to GHCN – Aussie Fair Go and Far Gone

  1. Ellie in Belfast says:
  2. Ripper says:

    Excellent work EM . I am going though the Bom site and notice that some stations that are used are closed
    Marble bar is a shame as that has records from 1895 to 2006.

    http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=40&p_display_type=dataFile&p_startYear=&p_stn_num=004020

    Doesnt appear to be any warming there .

    Goldsworthy closed in 1992

    Turkey creek is now Warmun

    In my home town Giss has ignored the Meektharra post office record leaving 26 year gap from 1926 – 1950

    http://data.giss.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/gistemp/findstation.py?datatype=gistemp&data_set=0&name=meekatharra

    http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_007046.shtml

    Interestingly the all time maximum was in this period in February 1933 until it was pipped by 0.1 degree in Jan 08.

    I have downloaded the data and When i can work out how to chart I will do one.

  3. Ellie in Belfast says:

    @Ripper:

    All this climate stuff is improving my geographical knowledge no end (always was interested in geography and travel anyway ;-)

    I have lost about 4 hours this morning mostly exploring the BOM website and Google maps of Australia. A lot of sites seem to have closed in 1992. Was there a reason for this, e.g. government funding cuts? Any ideas?

  4. Ripper says:

    No idea Ellie. Goldsworthy was mining town that was finished and sold up. around then.

    The others I would have to research.

    BTW. there is a heap of history in Wiluna. In WW2 it supplied 85% of the Allies arsenic.

  5. Ripper says:

    LOL , Wiluna suffers from UHI.

    http://maps.google.com.au/maps?client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=s&hl=en&source=hp&q=turkey%20creek&cr=countryAU&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl

    The shire sealed all the streets around 1990 causing them to go broke and the Shire , (which used to extend to the SA border was split into two in 1993.

    http://www.tjulyuru.com/functions.asp

  6. E.M.Smith says:

    I’ve added a chart of “thermometer percentages by 5 degree latitude bands in Australia” up top.

    For some reason, while the rest of the world has thermometers marching south, Australia has them marching north.

    I’m sure it’s just an innocent coincidence… or in this case, anti-correlation…

  7. Ian Beale says:

    E.M. After more of a look at some of the Australian sites there are curious things when you compare your lists of in, add and drop with the BOM listings at

    http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/

    There are some that have been dropped which have long term records, some which are in that stopped recording in the 1990’s (**), and some that have been added back in for why as they have long term records. The BOM site numbers don’t seem to correspond with the ones you’ve got, so there is some guesswork in the following partial list that I’ve looked at

    Amberley AMO (major RAAF base) as a recent addition (1941 – 2009)

    Archerfield (major Brisbane airport) 1939 – 2009
    Adelaide APO 1955 – 2009
    Adelaide Kent Town 1977 – 2009
    Cooma APO 1967 – 2009
    Whyalla APO 1945 – 2009
    Thredbo AWS 1966 – 2009
    Dookie Ag 1879 – 2009
    Mount Wellington 1961 – 2009
    Jabiru APO 1984 – 2009

    Canberra City 1974 – 1988 ** (Australian Federal capital and all that too!!)
    Dalby PO 1870 – 1992 ** (Dalby APO 1992 – 2009)
    Geelong Norlane 1970 – 1996 **

    A first pass look suggests more deletions on the more southerly parts, but they still have some bloody cold areas in.

    But (Sarc on) don’t I recall that Real Climate maintained that about 60 stations were sufficient for a global temperature estimate ? So by the look of California we’re over-represented! (Sarc off)

  8. Ian Beale says:

    Also Richmond AMO being added –

    BOM gives

    Richmond RAAF 1928 – 1994
    Richmond RAAF 1993 – 2009 (0.4km different location)

  9. Mike Jonas says:

    Your findings are supported by this graph :
    http://members.westnet.com.au/jonas1/BOMdata_AvgMaxTemps.jpg
    It shows the average max temp from the 4 Australian weather stations that have been operating since before 1860, and the much higher average temperature for all 29 stations that have been operating for 100 years.

  10. maman says:

    Chief, love your work! :)

    errr . . .

    ummm . . . could I ask, perhaps . . .

    this will seem really pedantic

    we’re “Aussies” :) with the “ie” ending. (25,000,000+ links @ Google)

    “Aussy” with the “y” ending has just over 1,000,000 @ Google) and is something else entirely (see Urban Slang Dictionary).

    Well, I’d like to think so anyway ;).

    Thanks Again, Chief.

    REPLY: While I’m pretty sure the “Urban Slang Dictionary” is more a joke someone has put up than a reality (it DOES say that “Aussy” as a word is not yet defined and the example phrase could just be using a variant spelling of Aussie in a phrase meant to poke fun and annoy…); I’m also willing to use “Aussie” if you prefer. Far be it from me to stand in the way of the strictly formal definitions required of slang usage and the rigorously defined spelling rules of “L’Academé Du Slang” ;-)
    -ems

  11. Ian Beale says:

    Some more on Australian temperature data and NASA/GISS use and non-use here at

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/tips-notes-to-wuwt/

    Steve Jones (14:50:16) :

    REPLY: Thanks! Snagged a copy that I’ll review later. Interesting that they mention the “pre 2007″ “obsolete” data sets prior to “reprocessing”. I really don’t like it when my history gets “reprocessed”… there always seem to be some bits end up on the floor… -ems

  12. Ripper says:

    Good work E.M. For those who think that latitude doesn’t matter , I have been playing around a bit here

    We have Peak Hill
    104km south We have Meekatharra
    104km south again we have Cue

    http://members.westnet.com.au/rippersc/murchison.jpg
    I have come to the conclusion that the old temperature can be trusted as there is amazing correlation over 200km (125 miles )

  13. Ian Beale says:

    Re your comments above –

    I had a go at the “NEW BOM” site last night. First impression is a triumph for bureaucracy – seems harder to get less information on fewer sites!

    Or maybe I need to find and push some more buttons, though those didn’t seem obvious.

  14. E.M.Smith says:

    Ian Beale
    Re your comments above –

    I had a go at the “NEW BOM” site last night. First impression is a triumph for bureaucracy – seems harder to get less information on fewer sites!

    Or maybe I need to find and push some more buttons, though those didn’t seem obvious.

    LMAO: I don’t know how to chose between advice that you want the one that goes “PING!” or suggest that you have found the new BOM toy that: It went “zip” when it moved and “bop” when it stopped And “whirr” when it stood still…

    http://www.etni.org.il/music/marveloustoy.htm

  15. Ian Beale says:

    E.M.

    Here’s a suggested additional category, in keeping with your “Thermometer Langoliers”.

    The Montgolfier brothers did the first flight by a human in a hot air balloon.

    So perhaps “Thermometer Montgolfiers” for the records that currently get into GISTemp and their subsequent effects?

    Plus you need a better map of Australia. That area shown as grassland mostly isn’t.

  16. E.M.Smith says:

    @Ian Beale:

    The Montgolfier Records, I like it! (Under the “Canada” thread the one surviving station in the far north of Canada is in a place described as the warmest around for it’s arctic location. Pictures and description in the link.
    http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2009/10/27/ghcn-up-north-blame-canada-comrade/ )

    Per the map:

    Yeah, but it was unencumbered by copyright issues.

    IIRC, when I drove inland from Sydney until the road turned into a dirt track, I was about 1/2 way into what they show as “grassland”. I stopped the car, got out, stood up and felt oddly light headed and wobbly.

    I realized I felt like I was about to “fall off”. As far as the eye could see was flat empty. There were little eucalyptus “shrubs” about 2 feet tall, and something that looked a bit like a runt saltbrush, and dirt. Not quite sand, but not grassy either. (I went through Bourke, to the Back ‘o Bourke, and then to where the pavement ended and to dead-straight tire ruts continued to the horizon… magical, if erie, experience. I really wanted to follow that track, but needed gas cans, water, tent, food, … to do it and had a credit card, large coke, and a box lunch 8-}. That’s when I came to understand what a “walkabout” was all about. I wanted to go “walkabout” for a few weeks, or months, or…)

    At any rate, I was the “highest point” to the horizon. I looked back to the car and felt better, I wasn’t going to fly off and I wasn’t a giant towering over eucalyptus trees, they were really little bushes after all ;-)

    The brain really does need something familiar to keep it’s sense of scale!

    But while it wasn’t quite grassland, it wasn’t quite “desert” either. Don’t know what you would call it. Headed down toward Melbourn and did see some wheat along the way, then went back out to the coast through the “mountains”. So some of it back there does have grasses, but some of it is, er, um, scrubby. (Yet I think folks run sheep or goats on it. Probably about 1 per 100 km sq 8-)

    So in my copious spare time I’ll look for a better unencumbered map, but if you know of one already…

    Dang it. EVERY TIME I remember that track, I want to pack up and find out where it ends. Every time. It’s been nearly 25 years and I still want to go. Australia does that to you. Maybe when I’ve slain the AGW dragon I’ll pack a land rover and go… For those who don’t know about the place, the drive from Sydney to Bourke is “a few days” straight inland. The Eucalyptus get a bit shorter with each 1/2 day or so of driving, sometimes a ‘roo or two, but not much else. I would drive for hours and see not a single car.

    Sometimes I would just leave the car on the road and step out to look at something. Dead Straight road for days, with the occasional bump in it. When you see a gas station, you do stop and buy gas. They were “3/4 tank” apart. Reaching the far end, I thought I was “done”. Then there was the end of asphalt, and the outback… and I realized I was not done. I had barely begun. And I don’t like leaving things partly done…

    Looks like they are a bit more connected to the world now, they have a web site:

    http://www.backobourke.com.au/ nice pictures and
    http://www.outbackonline.net/BourkeTourism.htm map gives a sense of where it is.

    I was a little on the ‘outback’ side of the river on this map,

    http://www.backobourke.com.au/where-is-bourke.php

    beyond Bourke, in the Back ‘o Bourke. I think it was down the “Hungerford road” on that map, I was somewhere past a split like the one to Wanaaring, but don’t remember exactly which one it was. (I was steering “inland” by the sun mostly…)

    There are special places in the world with a real impact on you. I hope they still preserved that ability to feel incredibly alone in the universe. It would not be the same in a tour bus or from a hotel window… Then again, I guess you could just go a few more clicks down the track… It’s a big outback…

    I’m talking myself into this again, aren’t I? I’d better go do something else for a while to distract me from Bourke or you won’t be hearing from me for a few months of walkabout…

  17. E.M.Smith says:

    These folks:

    http://www.lonelyplanet.com/australia/new-south-wales/back-o-bourke-corner-country

    say a place named Tibooburra is down a track out the back ‘o Bourke… wonder if that’s where it went. Would make sense.

    Think I need to see what I can find out about Tibooburra…

    UPDATE: Thanks to Google Maps, I’ve figured out that it is the “road” from Bourke to Tibooburra via Gumbalie, Wanaaring and Urisino. At the time all I knew was that somebody had sheep stations out there somewhere. If I’d known there was a store with gas every couple of hundred km I probably would have just kept on going… AFTER picking up a 5 gallon jug of water… just in case… On the other hand I don’t really know that there were gas stations at those spots back then… I do remember one of the locals saying something like “Well, yeah, you can make it to {I think he said Gumbalie} in a regular car, if there’s not a rain, but a Rover is better. Yer tires good? And you got extra gas cans with you?” (I had gone back to town contemplating buying some water, food, sleeping bag… decided to stay in the pub instead ;-) This was in the days before cell phones, GPS, et. al. Heck, the “road” wasn’t even on my paper map. It really was an “edge of the world” feeling. Don’t know if you can get that today with all the gizmos on board… Maybe I can find an old 1970 era Land Rover to make the experience authentic.

    Then again, it was evening coming on and I’m not sure how easy it is to see tire tracks in the dirt at night…

    At any rate, at least now I have some names for where it went. And if I ever do get there again and find it isn’t as remote as it used to be, well, I can always just point the wheels down some other dirt track that splits off somewhere…

  18. Ripper says:

    A couple of interesting graphs

    Marble Bar & Meekatharra

    http://members.westnet.com.au/rippersc/mbar.jpg

    http://members.westnet.com.au/rippersc/meeka.jpg

    The thing that sticks out with both of them is that the difference between hot and cold has decreased as the years have gone on.

    The hots were hotter in the 30’s & 40’s than today but the minimums were cooler as well.

    Just using the means doesn’t show that.

  19. Ripper says:

    Marble bar is interesting as both stations data (supposedly at the same location) overlap

    The diffierence in the monthly mean maximuns

    2000 null null null null null null null null 4.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3
    2001 0.1 0.8 -0.5 -0.5 0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0 0.1 0.1 -0.5
    2002 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0 -1 -2.9 0
    2003 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0 0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0 0.1 0 0.1
    2004 0 0 0 -0.1 0 0 -0.1 -0.1 0 -0.1 0 0
    2005 0 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0 0 0.1 0 0 0.1
    2006 -0.1 -0.1 0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.8 null null null null

    The difference in the minimums

    2000 null null null null null null null null 0.4 -0.1 -0.3 null
    2001 2.2 0.8 -1.2 0.2 0.4 1.5 0 0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.9 0.2
    2002 0.2 0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.7 0.2 -1 -0.2
    2003 -0.4 -0.1 0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1
    2004 -0.1 0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2
    2005 0.1 0 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.6 0 -0.2 -0.3 0.5 -0.4 0.3
    2006 -0.5 0 -0.6 null -1.3 -2.2 -0.5 2 null null null null

  20. E.M.Smith says:

    That tenths jitter (occasionally even a full degree) is part of why I keep saying that anything in the 1/10 place is meaningless and anything in the 1/100 place is at best a bad joke.

    Interesting about the visual flattening of the trends over time, would be interesting to see if local land use changed to a wetter, more stable, regime. It’s subtile, so I wonder what the odds are that it’s inside the natural variation (i.e. random quiet chunk).

    And yes, the MAX and the MIN are far more interesting than the average. In stock trading (and other places as well) it is well understood that you use averages to hide information you don’t want to see and hopefully let some other stand out a bit better. Only in the AGW crowed do we get folks trying to assert that an average gives you more information instead of less…

  21. E.M.Smith says:

    Ripper
    Check out Wiluna in 1999 notice anything odd?

    http://data.giss.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/gistemp/gistemp_station.py?id=501944390000&data_set=0&num_neighbors=1

    Bom’s Mean Maximum

    http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=36&p_display_type=dataFile&p_startYear=&p_stn_num=013012

    Finally had a moment to take a look at these links. Rather dramatic.

    GIStemp has a big spike at the end, the average at BOM is flat with a minor ripple; but a fractional degree bump up when the tarmac is added. It if was just one record like that, you might be able to excuse it; but there are lots of cases just like that. IMHO, GIStemp cooks the data and turns thermometer location change over time into temperature slope change over time via “The Reference Station Method”. Then add in some paving…

  22. sky says:

    Love what you’re doing to dissect the GHCN data and the tendentious use (or concealement) of (inconvenient) measurements! I strongly believe in using only intact records, not an anomaly sausage, from a FIXED set of stations in detecting regional climate variations. The number of GHCN Aussie stations that span the entire 20th century available via GISS is only a handful. Would love to get the entire Marble Bar monthly mean temperature series in plain text. Can you help?

    Also, GISS pulled Gonzales TX from their available USHCN set. If you scraped the GHCN data base before the (mostly farcical) adjustments were made in Ver2, could you make that station record also available?

    Many thanks and keep up the good fight!

    REPLY: [ The GHCN set is downloaded as plain text. I can make any extract of it you would like, or you can just download the whole thing. There is a pointer in comments (on a thread I've misplaced...) that has "old copies" of the GHCN data for comparision. Per Gonzlaes: My copy of GHCN is probably 'too new"... -E.M.Smith ]

  23. Mike Jonas says:

    Sky – You can download all BOM temps from this link if that’s any help
    http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/data/index.shtml
    Marble Bar 4106 only goes back to Sep 2000, but Marble Bar Comparison 4020 goes back to Feb 1901

    BOM changed their website late last year, and they say you can get the old version here:
    http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/

    I downloaded all Marble Bar Comparison (4020) max temps and rainfall monthly data before they changed the website – just in case the data changed too – and am happy to send it to you or post it on the web if that helps. I have all the max temp and rainfall data for all 29 Australian stations that are 100+ yrs old. But it should all still be accessible on the BOM website.

  24. Mike Jonas says:

    Sky – your point about a FIXED set of stations is a good one.

    Here is a graph of Australian max temps back to 1857
    http://members.westnet.com.au/jonas1/BOMdata_AvgMaxTemps.jpg
    [The caption isn't quite right - "All Stations" means all 29 stations that have been active over 100+ years.]
    [The downtick at the end is an error - with 5-yr smoothing I should have stopped the graph 2 years earlier.]

    You can see what the graph would look like if I had simply graphed the average of all active stations. With new stations coming online in the late 1800s, it would look like some rather impressive warming!

    The effect of AGW is clearly visible in 2004, but for some reason it doesn’t appear before then!!

  25. sky says:

    E.M.,

    I’m working with vanishing free space on my disk, so if you can readily extract Marble Bar monthly means (or mean maxes AND mins) for 1901-2008, I’d greatly appreciate it. You have my e-mail.

    ANYTHING you might have for Gonzales TX would be Ver1 data (since they dropped this slightly-cooling station long before coming out with USHCN Ver2) and would be greatly welcome.

    Mike,

    Thanks for the directions to BoM’s website, out of which I seem incapable of getting the desired monthly mean data. Absolute monthly maxes are interesting, but not what I seek. And don’t be quick to ascribe any record-setting absolute maxes to AGW. All it takes to set such a record is a gust of wind from a man-made heat source near the station. Remember, there were no cars or airplanes at the beginning of the last century to spike the absolute maxes.

    REPLY: [ Now You've Done It! I started looking at "Marble Bar" and surroundings and got sucked into it... I'm going to be doing a posting on it Real Soon Now and I'll include data tables in it... See the other comment here under the "Europe - Balkans" where I have some Marble Bar teasers... -E.M.Smith ]

  26. Mike Jonas says:

    sky – go to http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/data/index.shtml
    – click on Climate Data Online
    – select — about temperatures
    — monthly
    — mean max (or min) temperatures
    — station 4020 (Marble Bar Comparison)
    — click ‘Get Data’

    or

    I’ve extracted it and put it online at
    http://members.westnet.com.au/jonas1/BOM_MeanMinTemps4020.txt
    http://members.westnet.com.au/jonas1/BOM_MeanMaxTemps4020.txt

    They don’t do average temps, but I think most places happily use the average of max and min.

    About AGW showing up in 2004 – I should have used /sarc…..

  27. Mike Jonas says:

    PS. The old “max temp” data was monthly max temps. The new data is monthly mean max temps, which sounds like it will be useful to you (together with monthly mean min temps).

    I’ve checked the new data against the old data, and the old data is consistently a few degrees (c.2-5) above the new data, so it’s likely that they really are what they say they are.

  28. E.M.Smith says:

    So, what’s the difference between a “mean max” and a “monthly max temp”?

    It sounds sort of like a “monthly max temp” is: “Largest in (set of monthly dailies)” while a “mean max” is: “summation of (daily max values) / number of daily max values” ? One is the actual high day of the month, the other is the average of all the highs of the month?

    FWIW, the “GHCN mean” is made via a (MAX + MIN)/2 process. So given the MIN and MAX you can make the MEAN. The only open question is really what form of MIN and MAX you are working from. It would be interesting to take the two types of MIN and MAX and see which MEAN matches which “Duplicate Numbers” in GHCN …

  29. Mike Jonas says:

    So, what’s the difference between a “mean max” and a “monthly max temp”? I interpret it as you do – mean max is max temp each day averaged over the month, monthly max temp is highest temp of the month.

    So the mid-point of ‘mean max’ and ‘mean min’ wouold be a fair stab at ‘average temp’.

    REPLY: [ Then the question I would have is "Was the whole record recomputed or are we doing a splice of two different methods?". It's all well and good to assert that "Month Min/Max" gives just as valid a MEAN as "AveDailies Min/Max" but if you use two different methods in two different periods of time then you are "taking a splice"... and a splice ought never to be assumed as valid... I could easily see a step function coming from the difference in methods. (Use monthly extremes during one PDO phase, get a low MEAN; swap to daily averages during next phase, can't get as high an extreme to 'offset' that original low, so the whole series 'hangs a bit lower' after the splice. Invert PDO at start for warming offset... Basically, the "extreme events" are reflected more in the Monthly Extremes method than in the AveDailies method that would squash the extremes; and extremes can have a long durational cylicality of the 60 years kind. -E.M.Smith ]

  30. sky says:

    Thanks, Mike, for the monthly mean MAX and mean MIN files for Marble Bar. Indeed they are the month-by-month averages of the daily MAX/MIN values recorded. Nice to have that, since one can derive the mean diurnal range: MAX-MIN. The standard practice in some countries (USA included) is to call (MAX+MIN)/2 the MEAN temperature, but, of course, it’s only the mid-range value, which is usually a few percent of the diurnal range higher than the true temporal average. The diurnal temperature cycle is NOT a simple sinusoid.

  31. sky says:

    E.M.,

    Invoking the distributive/associative laws it’s easy to show the algebraic identity of averaging the daily (MAX+MIN)/2 and of applying the same formula to the monthly mean MAX and MIN values. Thre’s no “splicing” of methods involved.

  32. E.M.Smith says:

    @sky:

    Um, maybe we’re talking about different things?

    As a “toy” example:

    If I have 30 days of MIN 0 C and MAX 4 C with one day who’s MAX is 40 C I would get a series of 30 x 2 C daily MEANS (that are actually ‘mid-range’ as you note, but I’m going with the “climate science” usage) and then one day of 20 C daily mean. Average of those daily means would be 80 / 31.

    Taking the (MONTHLY MAX + MONTHLY MIN ) / 2 would be:

    20 + 0 / 2 = 10 C

    So a MONTHLY MEAN series based on the MONTHLY MIN / MAX will be different from a series based on the DAILY MIN / MAX “means”. Probably close enough for “climate science” for all practical real daily values, but still different.

    I suspect you were thinking of “(average of daily MAX + average of daily MIN) / 2″ vs “average of daily MEAN (midpoint)”. Yeah, they will be the same.

    Sorry I was unclear that I was talking about comparing the MONTHLY extremes method vs the Daily averages method. Doing math in words is a bit, er, imprecise ;-)

  33. sky says:

    E.M.,

    There so are many different ways of computing the “monthly MEAN” that an unequivocally clear terminology simply does not exist. The “Monthly MAX” usually refers to the monthly average of the daily maxima, with “MAX monthly temp” being reserved for the abolute maximum. I’ve never seen the latter terms used in reference to the highest of the daily means, as you have it in your toy example. Clearly, you posit 30 days with a mean of 2 and one day with a mean of 20. Thus the mean for the whole month is 80/31, which is identical to half the mean (30*4 + 1*40) /31 of the daily MAXes alone, since the daily MINs are uniformly zero. But you knew that already! :-)

  34. John Murphy says:

    Why does GHCNV2 contain so many truncated and mismatched records?

    For example, 94101 which is Kalumburu (BOM 001019) covers 1941 – 1992 in GHCNV2 but 1998 – 2010 in BOM. That is, there is no overlap in time at all.

    On the other hand, BOM has a record for Kalumburu Mission (BOM number is 001021) which is a closed station but covers 1941 – 2005 and appears to be only 100 metres from Kalumburu. The time span of the GHCNV2 data for Kalumburu is a subset of the time span for the BOM data for Kalumburu Mission .

    These records are a diabolical mess.

  35. E.M.Smith says:

    @John Murphy:

    Who knows. NOAA / NCDC claims it’s due to the difficulty in collecting the historic data and that the present data are not reliably reported in CLIMAT reports for the missing stuff. (Like Bolivia… all of it…)

    Yet Wunderground has the data (as to many others) and OGIMET shows that Bolivia is doing CLIMAT reports and has done so for several years at least. As have several other countries dropped by NOAA / NCDC)

    The whole data collection and selection process is just so… so … Ersatz. Dribs and drabs, bits from here glued onto fragments from there. I think your description just about sums it up “diabolical mess’.

    Then they take the mess and stir mightily and find spurious trends and want us to get exited about it. Just silly, really.

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